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Indian ocean trade and sultanic authority: the nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk political economy

Patrick Wing (UGent)
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Abstract
Faced with a mounting economic crisis, the Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Barsbāy (r. 1422- 1438) sought new sources of revenue from the commercial economy of the Red Sea port of Jedda, which was emerging in the 15th century as a hub for maritime trade between the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean. This article examines the career of the first nāẓir, or financial supervisor, of Jedda, a Coptic secretary appointed by Sultan Barsbāy. A glimpse at his career sheds light on strategies employed by the Mamluk sultan to align his household bureaucracy with the business of trade at Jedda and the interests of influential merchant networks, as well as the limitations of such strategies.
Keywords
Jedda, Mamluk, Indian Ocean, Barsbay, khawajakbiyya

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Citation

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MLA
Wing, Patrick. “Indian Ocean Trade and Sultanic Authority: The Nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk Political Economy.” JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT, vol. 57, no. 1, Brill, 2014, pp. 55–75, doi:10.1163/15685209-12341342.
APA
Wing, P. (2014). Indian ocean trade and sultanic authority: the nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk political economy. JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT, 57(1), 55–75. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685209-12341342
Chicago author-date
Wing, Patrick. 2014. “Indian Ocean Trade and Sultanic Authority: The Nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk Political Economy.” JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT 57 (1): 55–75. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685209-12341342.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Wing, Patrick. 2014. “Indian Ocean Trade and Sultanic Authority: The Nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk Political Economy.” JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT 57 (1): 55–75. doi:10.1163/15685209-12341342.
Vancouver
1.
Wing P. Indian ocean trade and sultanic authority: the nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk political economy. JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT. 2014;57(1):55–75.
IEEE
[1]
P. Wing, “Indian ocean trade and sultanic authority: the nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk political economy,” JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 55–75, 2014.
@article{6941751,
  abstract     = {{Faced with a mounting economic crisis, the Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Barsbāy (r. 1422- 1438) sought new sources of revenue from the commercial economy of the Red Sea port of Jedda, which was emerging in the 15th century as a hub for maritime trade between the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean. This article examines the career of the first nāẓir, or financial supervisor, of Jedda, a Coptic secretary appointed by Sultan Barsbāy. A glimpse at his career sheds light on strategies employed by the Mamluk sultan to align his household bureaucracy with the business of trade at Jedda and the interests of influential merchant networks, as well as the limitations of such strategies.}},
  author       = {{Wing, Patrick}},
  issn         = {{0022-4995}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT}},
  keywords     = {{Jedda,Mamluk,Indian Ocean,Barsbay,khawajakbiyya}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{55--75}},
  publisher    = {{Brill}},
  title        = {{Indian ocean trade and sultanic authority: the nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk political economy}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685209-12341342}},
  volume       = {{57}},
  year         = {{2014}},
}

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