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Functional morphology and kinematics of terrestrial feeding in the largescale foureyes (Anableps anableps)

(2015) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY. 218(18). p.2951-2960
Author
Organization
Abstract
A major challenge for aquatic vertebrates that invade land is feeding in the terrestrial realm. The capacity of the gape to become parallel with the ground has been shown to be a key factor to allow fishes to feed on prey lying on a terrestrial surface. To do so, two strategies have been identified that involve a nose-down tilting of the head: (1) by pivoting on the pectoral fins as observed in mudskippers, and (2) curling of the anterior part of the body supported by a long and flexible eel-like body as shown in eel-catfish. Although Anableps anableps successfully feeds on land, it does not possess an eel-like body or pectoral fins to support or lift the anterior part of the body. We identified the mechanism of terrestrial prey-capture in A. anableps by studying kinematics and functional morphology of the cranial structures, using high-speed video and graphical 3D reconstructions from computed tomography scans. In contrast to the previously described mechanisms, A. anableps relies solely on upper and lower jaw movement for re-orientation of the gape towards the ground. The premaxilla is protruded antero-ventrally, and the lower jaw is depressed to a right angle with the substrate. Both the lower and upper jaws are selectively positioned onto the prey. Anableps anableps thereby uses the jaw protrusion mechanism previously described for other cyprinodontiforms to allow a continued protrusion of the premaxilla even while closing the jaws. Several structural adaptations appear to allow more controlled movements and increased amplitude of anterior and ventral protrusion of the upper jaw compared to other cyprinidontiforms.
Keywords
premaxilla, functional morphology, Cyprinodontiformes, CYPRINODONTIFORM FISHES, PREY, PROTRUSION, TELEOSTEI, CHAETODONTIDAE, PERCIFORMES, MECHANISMS, CAPTURE, CATFISH, PICKING

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Citation

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MLA
Michel, Krijn B et al. “Functional Morphology and Kinematics of Terrestrial Feeding in the Largescale Foureyes (Anableps Anableps).” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY 218.18 (2015): 2951–2960. Print.
APA
Michel, K. B., Aerts, P., Gibb, A. C., & Van Wassenbergh, S. (2015). Functional morphology and kinematics of terrestrial feeding in the largescale foureyes (Anableps anableps). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 218(18), 2951–2960.
Chicago author-date
Michel, Krijn B, Peter Aerts, Alice C Gibb, and Sam Van Wassenbergh. 2015. “Functional Morphology and Kinematics of Terrestrial Feeding in the Largescale Foureyes (Anableps Anableps).” Journal of Experimental Biology 218 (18): 2951–2960.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Michel, Krijn B, Peter Aerts, Alice C Gibb, and Sam Van Wassenbergh. 2015. “Functional Morphology and Kinematics of Terrestrial Feeding in the Largescale Foureyes (Anableps Anableps).” Journal of Experimental Biology 218 (18): 2951–2960.
Vancouver
1.
Michel KB, Aerts P, Gibb AC, Van Wassenbergh S. Functional morphology and kinematics of terrestrial feeding in the largescale foureyes (Anableps anableps). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY. 2015;218(18):2951–60.
IEEE
[1]
K. B. Michel, P. Aerts, A. C. Gibb, and S. Van Wassenbergh, “Functional morphology and kinematics of terrestrial feeding in the largescale foureyes (Anableps anableps),” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, vol. 218, no. 18, pp. 2951–2960, 2015.
@article{6941056,
  abstract     = {A major challenge for aquatic vertebrates that invade land is feeding in the terrestrial realm. The capacity of the gape to become parallel with the ground has been shown to be a key factor to allow fishes to feed on prey lying on a terrestrial surface. To do so, two strategies have been identified that involve a nose-down tilting of the head: (1) by pivoting on the pectoral fins as observed in mudskippers, and (2) curling of the anterior part of the body supported by a long and flexible eel-like body as shown in eel-catfish. Although Anableps anableps successfully feeds on land, it does not possess an eel-like body or pectoral fins to support or lift the anterior part of the body. We identified the mechanism of terrestrial prey-capture in A. anableps by studying kinematics and functional morphology of the cranial structures, using high-speed video and graphical 3D reconstructions from computed tomography scans. In contrast to the previously described mechanisms, A. anableps relies solely on upper and lower jaw movement for re-orientation of the gape towards the ground. The premaxilla is protruded antero-ventrally, and the lower jaw is depressed to a right angle with the substrate. Both the lower and upper jaws are selectively positioned onto the prey. Anableps anableps thereby uses the jaw protrusion mechanism previously described for other cyprinodontiforms to allow a continued protrusion of the premaxilla even while closing the jaws. Several structural adaptations appear to allow more controlled movements and increased amplitude of anterior and ventral protrusion of the upper jaw compared to other cyprinidontiforms.},
  author       = {Michel, Krijn B and Aerts, Peter and Gibb, Alice C and Van Wassenbergh, Sam},
  issn         = {0022-0949},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {premaxilla,functional morphology,Cyprinodontiformes,CYPRINODONTIFORM FISHES,PREY,PROTRUSION,TELEOSTEI,CHAETODONTIDAE,PERCIFORMES,MECHANISMS,CAPTURE,CATFISH,PICKING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {18},
  pages        = {2951--2960},
  title        = {Functional morphology and kinematics of terrestrial feeding in the largescale foureyes (Anableps anableps)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/​jeb.124644},
  volume       = {218},
  year         = {2015},
}

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