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Le patrimoine musical indien dans le répertoire pour piano d'Olivier Messiaen et de Jacques Charpentier

Giusy Caruso (UGent) and Marc Leman (UGent)
(2015) CAHIERS INTERNATIONAUX DE SYMBOLISME. 140-142(Patrimoines). p.23-56
Author
Organization
Project
Western embodiment of Karnatic music
Abstract
The Indian music inheritance constitutes a strong source of inspiration and attraction for Western modern and contemporary composers who shaped their personal style by expanding and fusing the Western and Eastern horizon of musical knowledge. In this paper, we will circumscribe our study on the effects the Indian music heritage had over two French composers with a kinship for being teacher and pupil: Olivier Messiaen (Avignon, 1908 - Clichy, 1992) and Jacques Charpentier (Paris 1933). Although both composers were pianists and organists and those works they dedicated to piano and organ are the principal sources of their composing technique, we will focus on such piano repertory, which reveals mainly the influence of Indian music. Our aim is to draw a subsequent connective direct line from Olivier Messiaen’s teachings to Jacques Charpentier’s 72 Etudes Karnatiques pour piano (1957 - 1984), which we consider a significant trace of the Indian culture inheritance in the Western piano contemporary repertory still to be deeply examined. In our discussion, we will overview, at first, the specific historical context by explaining how and why Olivier Messiaen’s Western style roots to the Indian music tradition; secondly, we will retrace the effects and the evolution of his mixed heritage he transmitted to the latest young generations of contemporary composers. Therefore, we considered taking into account one of his pupil most bonded to Indian music, Jacques Charpentier and his extraordinary work for piano based on the 72 musical scales from South India, called Karnatic. Thus, we will set out how the Indian music structures, philosophical and aesthetic ideas biased the rhetorical and symbolic ends of both composers by illustrating their new prospective in treating the Western musical parameters, such as rhythm, melody and harmony, in piano composition. Our overview would offer a useful retrospective in pointing out the strong added value the Indian music inheritance brought on the French piano contemporary repertory while opening new outlooks on the symbolic and philosophic reflection of the cultural inheritance in music composition.
Keywords
Philosophy of music, Symbolism, Music composition, Cultural Inheritance, Indian Music

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Citation

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Chicago
Caruso, Giusy, and Marc Leman. 2015. “Le Patrimoine Musical Indien Dans Le Répertoire Pour Piano d’Olivier Messiaen Et De Jacques Charpentier.” Ed. CLAIRE LEJEUNE. Cahiers Internationaux De Symbolisme 140-142 (Patrimoines): 23–56.
APA
Caruso, Giusy, & Leman, M. (2015). Le patrimoine musical indien dans le répertoire pour piano d’Olivier Messiaen et de Jacques Charpentier. ( C. LEJEUNE, Ed.)CAHIERS INTERNATIONAUX DE SYMBOLISME, 140-142(Patrimoines), 23–56.
Vancouver
1.
Caruso G, Leman M. Le patrimoine musical indien dans le répertoire pour piano d’Olivier Messiaen et de Jacques Charpentier. LEJEUNE C, editor. CAHIERS INTERNATIONAUX DE SYMBOLISME. 2015;140-142(Patrimoines):23–56.
MLA
Caruso, Giusy, and Marc Leman. “Le Patrimoine Musical Indien Dans Le Répertoire Pour Piano d’Olivier Messiaen Et De Jacques Charpentier.” Ed. CLAIRE LEJEUNE. CAHIERS INTERNATIONAUX DE SYMBOLISME 140-142.Patrimoines (2015): 23–56. Print.
@article{6937442,
  abstract     = {The Indian music inheritance constitutes a strong source of inspiration and attraction for Western modern and contemporary composers who shaped their personal style by expanding and fusing the Western and Eastern horizon of musical knowledge. In this paper, we will circumscribe our study on the effects the Indian music heritage had over two French composers with a kinship for being teacher and pupil: Olivier Messiaen (Avignon, 1908 - Clichy, 1992) and Jacques Charpentier (Paris 1933). Although both composers were pianists and organists and those works they dedicated to piano and organ are the principal sources of their composing technique, we will focus on such piano repertory, which reveals mainly the influence of Indian music. Our aim is to draw a subsequent connective direct line from Olivier Messiaen{\^a}\unmatched{0080}\unmatched{0099}s teachings to Jacques Charpentier{\^a}\unmatched{0080}\unmatched{0099}s 72 Etudes Karnatiques pour piano (1957 - 1984), which we consider a significant trace of the Indian culture inheritance in the 
 Western piano contemporary repertory still to be deeply examined. In our discussion, we will overview, at first, the specific historical context by explaining how and why Olivier Messiaen{\^a}\unmatched{0080}\unmatched{0099}s Western style roots to the Indian music tradition; secondly, we will retrace the effects and the evolution of his mixed heritage he transmitted to the latest young generations of contemporary composers. Therefore, we considered taking into account one of his pupil most bonded to Indian music, Jacques Charpentier and his extraordinary work for piano based on the 72 musical scales from South India, called Karnatic. Thus, we will set out how the Indian music structures, philosophical and aesthetic ideas biased the rhetorical and symbolic ends of both composers by illustrating their new prospective in treating the Western musical parameters, such as rhythm, melody and harmony, in piano composition. 
Our overview would offer a useful retrospective in pointing out the strong added value the Indian music inheritance brought on the French piano contemporary repertory while opening new outlooks on the symbolic and philosophic reflection of the cultural inheritance in music composition.},
  author       = {Caruso, Giusy and Leman, Marc},
  editor       = {LEJEUNE,  CLAIRE},
  issn         = {0008-0284},
  journal      = {CAHIERS INTERNATIONAUX DE SYMBOLISME},
  keyword      = {Philosophy of music,Symbolism,Music composition,Cultural Inheritance,Indian Music},
  language     = {fre},
  number       = {Patrimoines},
  pages        = {23--56},
  title        = {Le patrimoine musical indien dans le r{\'e}pertoire pour piano d'Olivier Messiaen et de Jacques Charpentier},
  volume       = {140-142},
  year         = {2015},
}