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Motor simulation beyond the Dyad: automatic imitation of multiple actors

Emiel Cracco UGent, Lize De Coster, Michael Andres and Marcel Brass UGent (2015) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. 41(6). p.1488-1501
abstract
A large body of research has provided evidence for the idea that individuals simulate the actions of others in their motor system. However, this research has focused almost exclusively on dyadic situations, hence ignoring the fact that social situations often require that the actions of multiple persons are simulated simultaneously. In the current study, we addressed this issue by means of a widely used automatic imitation task. In Experiment 1, it is shown that individuals automatically imitate the actions of 2 agents at the same time. More specifically, the results indicate that 2 identical observed movements produce a stronger imitation effect, whereas 2 different observed movements produce 2 opposite imitation effects that cancel each other out. In Experiment 2, it is shown that the effects obtained in Experiment 1 cannot be explained in terms of attentional capture. Instead, the results point toward an explanation in terms of ideomotor theory. The finding that observers simultaneously represent the actions of multiple agents in their motor system allows for a better understanding of social interaction beyond the dyad.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
automatic imitation, multiactor situations, action observation, MOVEMENTS, FACILITATION, REPRESENTATION, PERCEPTION, JOINT ACTION, RESPONSE TENDENCIES, UTILIZATION BEHAVIOR, MAGNETIC STIMULATION, SPATIAL COMPATIBILITY, MIRROR-NEURON SYSTEM
journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
JEP:HPP
volume
41
issue
6
pages
1488 - 1501
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000369843800003
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.425 (2015)
JCR rank
26/85 (2015)
JCR quartile
2 (2015)
ISSN
0096-1523
DOI
10.1037/a0039737
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
6937108
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6937108
date created
2015-09-24 09:43:09
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:45:29
@article{6937108,
  abstract     = {A large body of research has provided evidence for the idea that individuals simulate the actions of others in their motor system. However, this research has focused almost exclusively on dyadic situations, hence ignoring the fact that social situations often require that the actions of multiple persons are simulated simultaneously. In the current study, we addressed this issue by means of a widely used automatic imitation task. In Experiment 1, it is shown that individuals automatically imitate the actions of 2 agents at the same time. More specifically, the results indicate that 2 identical observed movements produce a stronger imitation effect, whereas 2 different observed movements produce 2 opposite imitation effects that cancel each other out. In Experiment 2, it is shown that the effects obtained in Experiment 1 cannot be explained in terms of attentional capture. Instead, the results point toward an explanation in terms of ideomotor theory. The finding that observers simultaneously represent the actions of multiple agents in their motor system allows for a better understanding of social interaction beyond the dyad.},
  author       = {Cracco, Emiel and De Coster, Lize and Andres, Michael and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {0096-1523},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE},
  keyword      = {automatic imitation,multiactor situations,action observation,MOVEMENTS,FACILITATION,REPRESENTATION,PERCEPTION,JOINT ACTION,RESPONSE TENDENCIES,UTILIZATION BEHAVIOR,MAGNETIC STIMULATION,SPATIAL COMPATIBILITY,MIRROR-NEURON SYSTEM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1488--1501},
  title        = {Motor simulation beyond the Dyad: automatic imitation of multiple actors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0039737},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Cracco, Emiel, Lize De Coster, Michael Andres, and Marcel Brass. 2015. “Motor Simulation Beyond the Dyad: Automatic Imitation of Multiple Actors.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-human Perception and Performance 41 (6): 1488–1501.
APA
Cracco, E., De Coster, L., Andres, M., & Brass, M. (2015). Motor simulation beyond the Dyad: automatic imitation of multiple actors. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 41(6), 1488–1501.
Vancouver
1.
Cracco E, De Coster L, Andres M, Brass M. Motor simulation beyond the Dyad: automatic imitation of multiple actors. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. 2015;41(6):1488–501.
MLA
Cracco, Emiel, Lize De Coster, Michael Andres, et al. “Motor Simulation Beyond the Dyad: Automatic Imitation of Multiple Actors.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE 41.6 (2015): 1488–1501. Print.