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Skin temperature during cold pressor test in fibromyalgia: an evaluation of the autonomic nervous system?

(2015) ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA. 66(1). p.19-27
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Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common chronic pain disorder characterized by whole-body pain and multiple symptoms. This study investigated potential dysfunctions of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) in FM patients through the measurement of the autonomic response during a cold-water test. METHODS: 23 female patients with FM and 15 healthy female controls were recruited. First, FM patients filled out the following questionnaires: PainDETECT, American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria of FM, and Profile of Mood States (POMS). Healthy controls only filled out the POMS. Subsequently, all participants immersed their forearm into 1 degrees C cold-water as long as they could tolerate for a maximum of 120 seconds. A thermographic camera recorded skin temperature and its recuperation process. RESULTS: The two groups differed significantly regarding central body temperature, forearm thermography, and peripheral (forearm)-central (ear) temperature ratio. FM patients showed less tolerance to cold water than control participants. Although total temperature decrease, cool-down rate, recuperation between 0 and 20 minutes after withdrawal showed significant intergroup differences, thermal recovery followed similar patterns in both groups. DISCUSSION: Peculiar ANS baseline characteristics are seen in FM patients. Although those patients have reduced ability to sustain low temperatures, therefore limiting extrapolation of inter-group analysis, their thermal-adaptive responses were found different as compared to controls.

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MLA
BRUSSELMANS, GRIET, Hugo Carvalho, Elien De Schamphelaere, et al. “Skin Temperature During Cold Pressor Test in Fibromyalgia: An Evaluation of the Autonomic Nervous System?” ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA 66.1 (2015): 19–27. Print.
APA
BRUSSELMANS, G., Carvalho, H., De Schamphelaere, E., Devulder, J., & Crombez, G. (2015). Skin temperature during cold pressor test in fibromyalgia: an evaluation of the autonomic nervous system? ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA, 66(1), 19–27.
Chicago author-date
BRUSSELMANS, GRIET, Hugo Carvalho, Elien De Schamphelaere, Jacques Devulder, and Geert Crombez. 2015. “Skin Temperature During Cold Pressor Test in Fibromyalgia: An Evaluation of the Autonomic Nervous System?” Acta Anaesthesioly Belgica 66 (1): 19–27.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
BRUSSELMANS, GRIET, Hugo Carvalho, Elien De Schamphelaere, Jacques Devulder, and Geert Crombez. 2015. “Skin Temperature During Cold Pressor Test in Fibromyalgia: An Evaluation of the Autonomic Nervous System?” Acta Anaesthesioly Belgica 66 (1): 19–27.
Vancouver
1.
BRUSSELMANS G, Carvalho H, De Schamphelaere E, Devulder J, Crombez G. Skin temperature during cold pressor test in fibromyalgia: an evaluation of the autonomic nervous system? ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA. 2015;66(1):19–27.
IEEE
[1]
G. BRUSSELMANS, H. Carvalho, E. De Schamphelaere, J. Devulder, and G. Crombez, “Skin temperature during cold pressor test in fibromyalgia: an evaluation of the autonomic nervous system?,” ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 19–27, 2015.
@article{6921470,
  abstract     = {{INTRODUCTION:

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common chronic pain disorder characterized by whole-body pain and multiple symptoms. This study investigated potential dysfunctions of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) in FM patients through the measurement of the autonomic response during a cold-water test.
METHODS:

23 female patients with FM and 15 healthy female controls were recruited. First, FM patients filled out the following questionnaires: PainDETECT, American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria of FM, and Profile of Mood States (POMS). Healthy controls only filled out the POMS. Subsequently, all participants immersed their forearm into 1 degrees C cold-water as long as they could tolerate for a maximum of 120 seconds. A thermographic camera recorded skin temperature and its recuperation process.
RESULTS:

The two groups differed significantly regarding central body temperature, forearm thermography, and peripheral (forearm)-central (ear) temperature ratio. FM patients showed less tolerance to cold water than control participants. Although total temperature decrease, cool-down rate, recuperation between 0 and 20 minutes after withdrawal showed significant intergroup differences, thermal recovery followed similar patterns in both groups.
DISCUSSION:

Peculiar ANS baseline characteristics are seen in FM patients. Although those patients have reduced ability to sustain low temperatures, therefore limiting extrapolation of inter-group analysis, their thermal-adaptive responses were found different as compared to controls.}},
  author       = {{BRUSSELMANS, GRIET and Carvalho, Hugo and De Schamphelaere, Elien and Devulder, Jacques and Crombez, Geert}},
  issn         = {{0001-5164}},
  journal      = {{ACTA ANAESTHESIOLY BELGICA}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{19--27}},
  title        = {{Skin temperature during cold pressor test in fibromyalgia: an evaluation of the autonomic nervous system?}},
  volume       = {{66}},
  year         = {{2015}},
}