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Defects in TAPT1, involved in axial skeletal patterning, cause a complex lethal recessive disorder of skeletal development

Sofie Symoens (UGent) , Aileen Barnes, Charlotte Gistelinck (UGent) , Fransiska Malfait (UGent) , Kris Vleminckx (UGent) , Brecht Guillemyn (UGent) , Delfien Syx (UGent) , Wouter Steyaert (UGent) , Eef Parthoens (UGent) , Martine Biervliet, et al.
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Abstract
TAPT1 encodes the evolutionary highly conserved Transmembrane Anterior Posterior Transformation-1 protein. ENU mutagenesis of TAPT1 results in embryonic lethality of murine homozygotes, with posterior to anterior transformations of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. The mechanism by which this ubiquitously expressed protein causes a specific patterning defect and lethality is unknown. We describe a Moroccan family with three lethal fetuses affected with fractures of ribs and long bones, undermineralized skull and axial skeleton, hydramnios with ascites and dilated ventricles. Because of the occurrence of multiple fractures and undermineralized skeleton, a clinical diagnosis of lethal autosomal recessive Osteogenesis Imperfecta was suggested. Although type I collagen folding was slightly delayed, causing mild overmodification of type I collagen, thorough molecular analysis of all known OI genes did not detect a causal mutation. We combined homozygosity mapping with exome sequencing, which identified a homozygous c.1108-1G>C mutation in TAPT1, causing in-frame skipping of exon 10. A second homozygous TAPT1 missense mutation in exon 9 (c.1058A>T, p.(Asp353Val)) was identified by direct sequencing in a complex Syrian pedigree with three lethal fetuses with fractures and multiple congenital anomalies of brain, face, heart and lungs. Immunocytochemical staining of dermal fibroblasts revealed co-localization of TAPT1 with the centrosomal protein γ-tubulin, while co-staining with acetylated tubulin detected that TAPT1 forms a pocket in which the primary cilium is inserted. Increased TAPT1 expression was observed during cilium formation. Moreover, we showed in patients’ dermal fibroblasts that primary cilium formation is severely disturbed. A zebrafish tapt1b- morpholino-approach revealed severe cartilage malformation and a delay in bone formation. Our results show that defects in TAPT1 underlie a novel autosomal recessive disorder, which is characterized by multiple fractures in utero, generalized undermineralization of the skeleton, microbrachycephaly, ascites and pleural effusion. We also prove that TAPT1 is a centrosomal protein that is of crucial importance for proper cilium formation, thereby suggesting that this disorder is a novel ciliopathy.

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Chicago
Symoens, Sofie, Aileen Barnes, Charlotte Gistelinck, Fransiska Malfait, Kris Vleminckx, Brecht Guillemyn, Delfien Syx, et al. 2014. “Defects in TAPT1, Involved in Axial Skeletal Patterning, Cause a Complex Lethal Recessive Disorder of Skeletal Development.” In American Society of Human Genetics, 64th Annual Meeting, Abstracts.
APA
Symoens, Sofie, Barnes, A., Gistelinck, C., Malfait, F., Vleminckx, K., Guillemyn, B., Syx, D., et al. (2014). Defects in TAPT1, involved in axial skeletal patterning, cause a complex lethal recessive disorder of skeletal development. American Society of Human Genetics, 64th Annual meeting, Abstracts. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG 2014).
Vancouver
1.
Symoens S, Barnes A, Gistelinck C, Malfait F, Vleminckx K, Guillemyn B, et al. Defects in TAPT1, involved in axial skeletal patterning, cause a complex lethal recessive disorder of skeletal development. American Society of Human Genetics, 64th Annual meeting, Abstracts. 2014.
MLA
Symoens, Sofie, Aileen Barnes, Charlotte Gistelinck, et al. “Defects in TAPT1, Involved in Axial Skeletal Patterning, Cause a Complex Lethal Recessive Disorder of Skeletal Development.” American Society of Human Genetics, 64th Annual Meeting, Abstracts. 2014. Print.
@inproceedings{6914500,
  abstract     = {TAPT1 encodes the evolutionary highly conserved Transmembrane Anterior Posterior Transformation-1 protein. ENU mutagenesis of TAPT1 results in embryonic lethality of murine homozygotes, with posterior to anterior transformations of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. The mechanism by which this ubiquitously expressed protein causes a specific patterning defect and lethality is unknown. We describe a Moroccan family with three lethal fetuses affected with fractures of ribs and long bones, undermineralized skull and axial skeleton, hydramnios with ascites and dilated ventricles. Because of the occurrence of multiple fractures and undermineralized skeleton, a clinical diagnosis of lethal autosomal recessive Osteogenesis Imperfecta was suggested. Although type I collagen folding was slightly delayed, causing mild overmodification of type I collagen, thorough molecular analysis of all known OI genes did not detect a causal mutation. We combined homozygosity mapping with exome sequencing, which identified a homozygous c.1108-1G>C mutation in TAPT1, causing in-frame skipping of exon 10. A second homozygous TAPT1 missense mutation in exon 9 (c.1058A>T, p.(Asp353Val)) was identified by direct sequencing in a complex Syrian pedigree with three lethal fetuses with fractures and multiple congenital anomalies of brain, face, heart and lungs. Immunocytochemical staining of dermal fibroblasts revealed co-localization of TAPT1 with the centrosomal protein γ-tubulin, while co-staining with acetylated tubulin detected that TAPT1 forms a pocket in which the primary cilium is inserted. Increased TAPT1 expression was observed during cilium formation. Moreover, we showed in patients’ dermal fibroblasts that primary cilium formation is severely disturbed. A zebrafish tapt1b- morpholino-approach revealed severe cartilage malformation and a delay in bone formation. Our results show that defects in TAPT1 underlie a novel autosomal recessive disorder, which is characterized by multiple fractures in utero, generalized undermineralization of the skeleton, microbrachycephaly, ascites and pleural effusion. We also prove that TAPT1 is a centrosomal protein that is of crucial importance for proper cilium formation, thereby suggesting that this disorder is a novel ciliopathy.},
  author       = {Symoens, Sofie and Barnes, Aileen and Gistelinck, Charlotte and Malfait, Fransiska and Vleminckx, Kris and Guillemyn, Brecht and Syx, Delfien and Steyaert, Wouter and Parthoens, Eef and Biervliet, Martine and Gillessen-Kaesbach, Gabriele and De Backer, Julie and Willaert, Andy and Bächinger, Hans Peter and De Paepe, Anne and Marini, Joan C and Coucke, Paul},
  booktitle    = {American Society of Human Genetics, 64th Annual meeting, Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Diego, CA, USA},
  title        = {Defects in TAPT1, involved in axial skeletal patterning, cause a complex lethal recessive disorder of skeletal development},
  year         = {2014},
}