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What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable?

Author
Organization
Abstract
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder. Here, we critically review four major psychological theories of ADHD - the Executive Dysfunction, the State Regulation, the Delay Aversion and the Dynamic Developmental - on their abilities to explain all the symptoms of ADHD, their testability and their openness to falsification. We conclude that theoreticians should focus, to a greater extent than currently practiced, on developing refutable theories of ADHD.
Keywords
DELAY AVERSION, RESPONSE-INHIBITION, DUAL PATHWAY MODEL, EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS, CONTINUOUSLY-TREATED PHENYLKETONURIA, ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY-DISORDER, DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, SUSTAINED ATTENTION, EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS, STATE-REGULATION

Citation

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Chicago
Johnson, K.A., Roeljan Wiersema, and J. Kuntsi. 2009. “What Would Karl Popper Say? Are Current Psychological Theories of ADHD Falsifiable?” Behavioral and Brain Functions 5.
APA
Johnson, K. A., Wiersema, R., & Kuntsi, J. (2009). What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable? BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS, 5.
Vancouver
1.
Johnson KA, Wiersema R, Kuntsi J. What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable? BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS. London ; UNITED KINGDOM: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD; 2009;5.
MLA
Johnson, K.A., Roeljan Wiersema, and J. Kuntsi. “What Would Karl Popper Say? Are Current Psychological Theories of ADHD Falsifiable?” BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS 5 (2009): n. pag. Print.
@article{691386,
  abstract     = {Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder. Here, we critically review four major psychological theories of ADHD - the Executive Dysfunction, the State Regulation, the Delay Aversion and the Dynamic Developmental - on their abilities to explain all the symptoms of ADHD, their testability and their openness to falsification. We conclude that theoreticians should focus, to a greater extent than currently practiced, on developing refutable theories of ADHD.},
  articleno    = {15},
  author       = {Johnson, K.A. and Wiersema, Roeljan and Kuntsi, J.},
  issn         = {1744-9081},
  journal      = {BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONS},
  keywords     = {DELAY AVERSION,RESPONSE-INHIBITION,DUAL PATHWAY MODEL,EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS,CONTINUOUSLY-TREATED PHENYLKETONURIA,ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY-DISORDER,DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,SUSTAINED ATTENTION,EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS,STATE-REGULATION},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {BIOMED CENTRAL LTD},
  title        = {What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-9081-5-15},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2009},
}

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