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Antipassive/associative polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a plurality of relations analysis

(2015) STUDIES IN LANGUAGE. 39(2). p.354-385
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  • KONGOKING (Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom)
Abstract
Antipassive constructions are commonly associated with languages with a predominantly ergative alignment. In this article, we show that antipassive constructions can also occur in predominantly accusative languages such as Cilubà, a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is expressed by the verbal suffix -angan-, deriving an intransitive clause from a transitive one by omitting the object noun phrase. This suffix functions canonically as a reciprocal marker and is also used to express sociativity/reciprocity and iterativity. An analysis of the suffix’ polysemy is provided on three levels: We argue that (i) plurality of relations is the underlying concept that semantically accounts for its different meanings, (ii) that its use in an antipassive clause is syntactically derived from its use as a canonical reciprocal marker by the demotion and omission of the second participant, and (iii) that the suffix is diachronically bimorphemic and originally consisted of two suffixes that still exist in Cilubà today, with the sum of its individual meanings not straightforwardly reflecting the synchronic polysemy of -angan-.
Keywords
Bantu, plurality of relations, Ciluba, reciprocal, antipassive, African linguistics, verbal derivation, polysemy, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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MLA
Dom, Sebastian, Guillaume Segerer, and Koen Bostoen. “Antipassive/associative Polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a Plurality of Relations Analysis.” STUDIES IN LANGUAGE 39.2 (2015): 354–385. Print.
APA
Dom, S., Segerer, G., & Bostoen, K. (2015). Antipassive/associative polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a plurality of relations analysis. STUDIES IN LANGUAGE, 39(2), 354–385.
Chicago author-date
Dom, Sebastian, Guillaume Segerer, and Koen Bostoen. 2015. “Antipassive/associative Polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a Plurality of Relations Analysis.” Studies in Language 39 (2): 354–385.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dom, Sebastian, Guillaume Segerer, and Koen Bostoen. 2015. “Antipassive/associative Polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a Plurality of Relations Analysis.” Studies in Language 39 (2): 354–385.
Vancouver
1.
Dom S, Segerer G, Bostoen K. Antipassive/associative polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a plurality of relations analysis. STUDIES IN LANGUAGE. 2015;39(2):354–85.
IEEE
[1]
S. Dom, G. Segerer, and K. Bostoen, “Antipassive/associative polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a plurality of relations analysis,” STUDIES IN LANGUAGE, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 354–385, 2015.
@article{6912091,
  abstract     = {Antipassive constructions are commonly associated with languages with a predominantly ergative alignment. In this article, we show that antipassive constructions can also occur in predominantly accusative languages such as Cilubà, a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is expressed by the verbal suffix -angan-, deriving an intransitive clause from a transitive one by omitting the object noun phrase. This suffix functions canonically as a reciprocal marker and is also used to express sociativity/reciprocity and iterativity. An analysis of the suffix’ polysemy is provided on three levels: We argue that (i) plurality of relations is the underlying concept that semantically accounts for its different meanings, (ii) that its use in an antipassive clause is syntactically derived from its use as a canonical reciprocal marker by the demotion and omission of the second participant, and (iii) that the suffix is diachronically bimorphemic and originally consisted of two suffixes that still exist in Cilubà today, with the sum of its individual meanings not straightforwardly reflecting the synchronic polysemy of -angan-.},
  author       = {Dom, Sebastian and Segerer, Guillaume and Bostoen, Koen},
  issn         = {0378-4177},
  journal      = {STUDIES IN LANGUAGE},
  keywords     = {Bantu,plurality of relations,Ciluba,reciprocal,antipassive,African linguistics,verbal derivation,polysemy,Democratic Republic of the Congo},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {354--385},
  title        = {Antipassive/associative polysemy in Cilubà (Bantu, L31a): a plurality of relations analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/sl.39.2.03dom},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2015},
}

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