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Behavioural measures of implicit theory of mind in adults with high functioning autism

Eliane Deschrijver UGent, Lara Bardi UGent, Roeljan Wiersema UGent and Marcel Brass UGent (2016) COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE. 7(1-4). p.192-202
abstract
Theory of mind (ToM) research has shown that adults with high functioning autism (HFA) demonstrate typical performance on tasks that require explicit belief reasoning, despite clear social difficulties in everyday life situations. In the current study, we used implicit belief manipulations that are task-irrelevant and therefore less susceptible to strategies. In a ball-detection task, it was shown that neurotypical individuals detect a ball faster if an agent believed the ball was present. We predicted that adults with high functioning autism (HFA) would not show this effect. While we found a numerical difference in the hypothesized direction, we did not find a reliable group effect. Interestingly, the implicit ToM-index showed a strong negative correlation with both self-reported and observational measures of social difficulties in the HFA group. This suggests that the relationship between implicit ToM reasoning and the symptomatology of HFA might be subtler than assumed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
FALSE-BELIEF, SPECTRUM DISORDERS, ASPERGER-SYNDROME, MENTAL STATES, CHILDREN, OTHERS, ATTRIBUTION, INFANTS, REVEALS, HUMANS, Autism spectrum disorder, Implicit theory of mind, Explicit theory of mind, Belief reasoning, High functioning autism
journal title
COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
volume
7
issue
1-4
pages
192 - 202
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000375476800025
JCR category
NEUROSCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.87 (2016)
JCR rank
195/258 (2016)
JCR quartile
4 (2016)
ISSN
1758-8928
DOI
10.1080/17588928.2015.1085375
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
6911886
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6911886
date created
2015-08-21 13:33:42
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:30
@article{6911886,
  abstract     = {Theory of mind (ToM) research has shown that adults with high functioning autism (HFA) demonstrate typical performance on tasks that require explicit belief reasoning, despite clear social difficulties in everyday life situations. In the current study, we used implicit belief manipulations that are task-irrelevant and therefore less susceptible to strategies. In a ball-detection task, it was shown that neurotypical individuals detect a ball faster if an agent believed the ball was present. We predicted that adults with high functioning autism (HFA) would not show this effect. While we found a numerical difference in the hypothesized direction, we did not find a reliable group effect. Interestingly, the implicit ToM-index showed a strong negative correlation with both self-reported and observational measures of social difficulties in the HFA group. This suggests that the relationship between implicit ToM reasoning and the symptomatology of HFA might be subtler than assumed.},
  author       = {Deschrijver, Eliane and Bardi, Lara and Wiersema, Roeljan and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {1758-8928},
  journal      = {COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {FALSE-BELIEF,SPECTRUM DISORDERS,ASPERGER-SYNDROME,MENTAL STATES,CHILDREN,OTHERS,ATTRIBUTION,INFANTS,REVEALS,HUMANS,Autism spectrum disorder,Implicit theory of mind,Explicit theory of mind,Belief reasoning,High functioning autism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {192--202},
  title        = {Behavioural measures of implicit theory of mind in adults with high functioning autism},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2015.1085375},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Deschrijver, Eliane, Lara Bardi, Roeljan Wiersema, and Marcel Brass. 2016. “Behavioural Measures of Implicit Theory of Mind in Adults with High Functioning Autism.” Cognitive Neuroscience 7 (1-4): 192–202.
APA
Deschrijver, E., Bardi, L., Wiersema, R., & Brass, M. (2016). Behavioural measures of implicit theory of mind in adults with high functioning autism. COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, 7(1-4), 192–202.
Vancouver
1.
Deschrijver E, Bardi L, Wiersema R, Brass M. Behavioural measures of implicit theory of mind in adults with high functioning autism. COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE. 2016;7(1-4):192–202.
MLA
Deschrijver, Eliane, Lara Bardi, Roeljan Wiersema, et al. “Behavioural Measures of Implicit Theory of Mind in Adults with High Functioning Autism.” COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE 7.1-4 (2016): 192–202. Print.