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Adjustments of the pesticide risk index used in environmental policy in Flanders

(2015) PLOS ONE. 10(6).
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Abstract
Indicators are used to quantify the pressure of pesticides on the environment. Pesticide risk indicators typically require weighting environmental exposure by a no effect concentration. An indicator based on spread equivalents (Sigma Seq) is used in environmental policy in Flanders (Belgium). The pesticide risk for aquatic life is estimated by weighting active ingredient usage by the ratio of their maximum allowable concentration and their soil halflife. Accurate estimates of total pesticide usage in the region are essential in such calculations. Up to 2012, the environmental impact of pesticides was estimated on sales figures provided by the Federal Government. Since 2013, pesticide use is calculated based on results from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). The estimation of pesticide use was supplemented with data for non-agricultural use based on sales figures of amateur use provided by industry and data obtained from public services. The Seq-indicator was modified to better reflect reality. This method was applied for the period 2009-2012 and showed differences between estimated use and sales figures of pesticides. The estimated use of pesticides based on accountancy data is more accurate compared to sales figures. This approach resulted in a better view on pesticide use and its respective environmental impact in Flanders.
Keywords
NORTHEASTERN GREECE, CROP-PROTECTION, SURFACE WATERS, INDICATOR, RESIDUES, LOSSES

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Fevery, Davina, et al. “Adjustments of the Pesticide Risk Index Used in Environmental Policy in Flanders.” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 6, 2015, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129669.
APA
Fevery, D., Peeters, B., Lenders, S., & Spanoghe, P. (2015). Adjustments of the pesticide risk index used in environmental policy in Flanders. PLOS ONE, 10(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129669
Chicago author-date
Fevery, Davina, Bob Peeters, Sonia Lenders, and Pieter Spanoghe. 2015. “Adjustments of the Pesticide Risk Index Used in Environmental Policy in Flanders.” PLOS ONE 10 (6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129669.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fevery, Davina, Bob Peeters, Sonia Lenders, and Pieter Spanoghe. 2015. “Adjustments of the Pesticide Risk Index Used in Environmental Policy in Flanders.” PLOS ONE 10 (6). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129669.
Vancouver
1.
Fevery D, Peeters B, Lenders S, Spanoghe P. Adjustments of the pesticide risk index used in environmental policy in Flanders. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(6).
IEEE
[1]
D. Fevery, B. Peeters, S. Lenders, and P. Spanoghe, “Adjustments of the pesticide risk index used in environmental policy in Flanders,” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 6, 2015.
@article{6908037,
  abstract     = {{Indicators are used to quantify the pressure of pesticides on the environment. Pesticide risk indicators typically require weighting environmental exposure by a no effect concentration. An indicator based on spread equivalents (Sigma Seq) is used in environmental policy in Flanders (Belgium). The pesticide risk for aquatic life is estimated by weighting active ingredient usage by the ratio of their maximum allowable concentration and their soil halflife. Accurate estimates of total pesticide usage in the region are essential in such calculations. Up to 2012, the environmental impact of pesticides was estimated on sales figures provided by the Federal Government. Since 2013, pesticide use is calculated based on results from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). The estimation of pesticide use was supplemented with data for non-agricultural use based on sales figures of amateur use provided by industry and data obtained from public services. The Seq-indicator was modified to better reflect reality. This method was applied for the period 2009-2012 and showed differences between estimated use and sales figures of pesticides. The estimated use of pesticides based on accountancy data is more accurate compared to sales figures. This approach resulted in a better view on pesticide use and its respective environmental impact in Flanders.}},
  articleno    = {{e0129669}},
  author       = {{Fevery, Davina and Peeters, Bob and Lenders, Sonia and Spanoghe, Pieter}},
  issn         = {{1932-6203}},
  journal      = {{PLOS ONE}},
  keywords     = {{NORTHEASTERN GREECE,CROP-PROTECTION,SURFACE WATERS,INDICATOR,RESIDUES,LOSSES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{21}},
  title        = {{Adjustments of the pesticide risk index used in environmental policy in Flanders}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129669}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2015}},
}

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