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Design and evaluation of a DIY construction system for educational robot kits

Cesar Vandevelde, Francis wyffels UGent, Maria-Cristina Ciocci UGent, Bram Vanderborght and Jelle Saldien UGent (2016) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION. 26(4). p.521-540
abstract
Building a robot from scratch in an educational context can be a challenging prospect. While a multitude of projects exist that simplify the electronics and software aspects of a robot, the same cannot be said for construction systems for robotics. In this paper, we present our efforts to create a low-cost do-it-yourself construction system for small robots. We have created three different construction systems (laser-cut screw connectors, printed friction-fit connectors, and printed hybrid connectors) using small aluminium T-slot extrusions, based on prior work done by Industrial Design college students. Eighty-six secondary school students and 35 teachers tested these three systems during a five-day robotics contest where they had to build firefighting robots. Follow-up questionnaires and an expert evaluation were used to measure the usability, affective appraisal and functionality of the three systems in order to determine which system should serve as a basis for further design iterations. Overall, a clear preference was shown for the hybrid system, which relies on its interlocking shape as well as on a screw connection to create robot frames that are both quick to construct and very rigid once assembled. We believe our work represents a solid first step toward an inexpensive, “hackable” construction system for educational robotics.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
3D printing, Construction system, Educational robotics, User experience, DIY, STEM
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION
volume
26
issue
4
pages
521 - 540
publisher
Springer Netherlands
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000386116100003
JCR category
ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
0.852 (2016)
JCR rank
57/85 (2016)
JCR quartile
3 (2016)
ISSN
0957-7572
DOI
10.1007/s10798-015-9324-1
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
6899382
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6899382
alternative location
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10798-015-9324-1
date created
2015-08-12 11:47:27
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:47:04
@article{6899382,
  abstract     = {Building a robot from scratch in an educational context can be a challenging prospect. While a multitude of projects exist that simplify the electronics and software aspects of a robot, the same cannot be said for construction systems for robotics. In this paper, we present our efforts to create a low-cost do-it-yourself construction system for small robots. We have created three different construction systems (laser-cut screw connectors, printed friction-fit connectors, and printed hybrid connectors) using small aluminium T-slot extrusions, based on prior work done by Industrial Design college students. Eighty-six secondary school students and 35 teachers tested these three systems during a five-day robotics contest where they had to build firefighting robots. Follow-up questionnaires and an expert evaluation were used to measure the usability, affective appraisal and functionality of the three systems in order to determine which system should serve as a basis for further design iterations. Overall, a clear preference was shown for the hybrid system, which relies on its interlocking shape as well as on a screw connection to create robot frames that are both quick to construct and very rigid once assembled. We believe our work represents a solid first step toward an inexpensive, {\textquotedblleft}hackable{\textquotedblright} construction system for educational robotics.},
  author       = {Vandevelde, Cesar and wyffels, Francis and Ciocci, Maria-Cristina and Vanderborght, Bram and Saldien, Jelle},
  issn         = {0957-7572},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {3D printing,Construction system,Educational robotics,User experience,DIY,STEM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {521--540},
  publisher    = {Springer Netherlands},
  title        = {Design and evaluation of a DIY construction system for educational robot kits},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10798-015-9324-1},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Vandevelde, Cesar, Francis wyffels, Cristina Ciocci, Bram Vanderborght, and Jelle Saldien. 2016. “Design and Evaluation of a DIY Construction System for Educational Robot Kits.” International Journal of Technology and Design Education 26 (4): 521–540.
APA
Vandevelde, C., wyffels, F., Ciocci, C., Vanderborght, B., & Saldien, J. (2016). Design and evaluation of a DIY construction system for educational robot kits. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION, 26(4), 521–540.
Vancouver
1.
Vandevelde C, wyffels F, Ciocci C, Vanderborght B, Saldien J. Design and evaluation of a DIY construction system for educational robot kits. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION. Springer Netherlands; 2016;26(4):521–40.
MLA
Vandevelde, Cesar, Francis wyffels, Cristina Ciocci, et al. “Design and Evaluation of a DIY Construction System for Educational Robot Kits.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION 26.4 (2016): 521–540. Print.