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Does soccer participation lead to genu varum?

Erik Witvrouw UGent, Lieven Danneels UGent, Youri Thijs UGent, Dirk Cambier UGent and Johan Bellemans (2009) Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 17(4). p.422-427
abstract
Little is known about the relationship between sport participation and body adaptations during growth. Our aim was to investigate whether soccer participation in youth is associated with the degree of genu varum. The design was a retrospective cohort study. Three hundred and thirty-six male soccer players, and 458 male non-soccer players (aged from 8 to 18) were recruited and included in the study. The intercondylar (IC) or intermalleolar (IM) distance were clinically measured with a specifically designed instrument. The results of this study revealed a statistically significant increase in degree of genu varum in both groups from the age of 14. However, at the age of 16-18 years a significant higher degree of genu varum was observed in the soccer players compared to the non-soccer players (P = 0.028). Intense soccer participation increases the degree of genu varum in males from the age of 16. Since genu varum predisposes to injuries, efforts to reduce the development of genu varum in male soccer players are warranted.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
journal title
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc.
volume
17
issue
4
pages
422 - 427
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000264815800017
JCR category
SPORT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.674 (2009)
JCR rank
24/72 (2009)
JCR quartile
2 (2009)
ISSN
0942-2056
DOI
10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
689441
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-689441
date created
2009-06-11 08:46:36
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:15:04
@article{689441,
  abstract     = {Little is known about the relationship between sport participation and body adaptations during growth. Our aim was to investigate whether soccer participation in youth is associated with the degree of genu varum. The design was a retrospective cohort study. Three hundred and thirty-six male soccer players, and 458 male non-soccer players (aged from 8 to 18) were recruited and included in the study. The intercondylar (IC) or intermalleolar (IM) distance were clinically measured with a specifically designed instrument. The results of this study revealed a statistically significant increase in degree of genu varum in both groups from the age of 14. However, at the age of 16-18 years a significant higher degree of genu varum was observed in the soccer players compared to the non-soccer players (P = 0.028). Intense soccer participation increases the degree of genu varum in males from the age of 16. Since genu varum predisposes to injuries, efforts to reduce the development of genu varum in male soccer players are warranted.},
  author       = {Witvrouw, Erik and Danneels, Lieven and Thijs, Youri and Cambier, Dirk and Bellemans, Johan},
  issn         = {0942-2056},
  journal      = {Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {422--427},
  title        = {Does soccer participation lead to genu varum?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Witvrouw, Erik, Lieven Danneels, Youri Thijs, Dirk Cambier, and Johan Bellemans. 2009. “Does Soccer Participation Lead to Genu Varum?” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 17 (4): 422–427.
APA
Witvrouw, E., Danneels, L., Thijs, Y., Cambier, D., & Bellemans, J. (2009). Does soccer participation lead to genu varum? Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 17(4), 422–427.
Vancouver
1.
Witvrouw E, Danneels L, Thijs Y, Cambier D, Bellemans J. Does soccer participation lead to genu varum? Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2009;17(4):422–7.
MLA
Witvrouw, Erik, Lieven Danneels, Youri Thijs, et al. “Does Soccer Participation Lead to Genu Varum?” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 17.4 (2009): 422–427. Print.