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A planning decision support tool for small and medium wind turbines in Flanders

Samuel Van Ackere (UGent) , Greet Van Eetvelde (UGent) , Enrica Papa (UGent) and Lieven Vandevelde (UGent)
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Windkracht 13
Abstract
Energy saving, emission reduction and increased use of renewables are key strategies to achieve the European 20-20-20 goals, but they require a novel approach to energy demand and supply, integrated with spatial planning. New sustainable energy technologies as Small and Medium Wind Turbines (SMWT) often have an extensive spatial footprint with a high associated impact on both, space and energy provision. This paper proposes a planning support tool that enables SMWT location assessment via a user-friendly open source web-based GIS platform. The tool has been designed with reference to the legislative framework on environmental impact assessment of SMWT in Flanders. It has the potential to be used as strategic spatial-environmental tool - in due time Europe-wide - since it is based on the LESTS assessment (Legal, Economic, Spatial, Technical and Social analysis) and it provides insight at two spatial planning levels. At the regional planning scale the tool provides information on spatial and geographical constraints by generating an environmentally compatible SMWT energy potential map. At a local level the tool indicates the optimal SMWT location by estimating the system's annual energy output and the investment payback time for SMWTs of different technology characteristics and sizes. The paper tests and validates the proposed tool in Flanders, while contributing to the sustainability assessment process of local renewable energy use.
Keywords
spatial decision making, Small and medium wind turbines, interactive mapping tool

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Chicago
Van Ackere, Samuel, Greet Van Eetvelde, Enrica Papa, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2015. “A Planning Decision Support Tool for Small and Medium Wind Turbines in Flanders.” In AESOP, Definite Space : Fuzzy Responsibility, Proceedings. Prague, Czech Republic: AESOP.
APA
Van Ackere, S., Van Eetvelde, G., Papa, E., & Vandevelde, L. (2015). A planning decision support tool for small and medium wind turbines in Flanders. AESOP, definite space : fuzzy responsibility, Proceedings. Presented at the AESOP, definite space : fuzzy responsibility, Prague, Czech Republic: AESOP.
Vancouver
1.
Van Ackere S, Van Eetvelde G, Papa E, Vandevelde L. A planning decision support tool for small and medium wind turbines in Flanders. AESOP, definite space : fuzzy responsibility, Proceedings. Prague, Czech Republic: AESOP; 2015.
MLA
Van Ackere, Samuel, Greet Van Eetvelde, Enrica Papa, et al. “A Planning Decision Support Tool for Small and Medium Wind Turbines in Flanders.” AESOP, Definite Space : Fuzzy Responsibility, Proceedings. Prague, Czech Republic: AESOP, 2015. Print.
@inproceedings{6890725,
  abstract     = {Energy saving, emission reduction and increased use of renewables are key strategies to achieve the European 20-20-20 goals, but they require a novel approach to energy demand and supply, integrated with spatial planning. New sustainable energy technologies as Small and Medium Wind Turbines (SMWT) often have an extensive spatial footprint with a high associated impact on both, space and energy provision. 
This paper proposes a planning support tool that enables SMWT location assessment via a user-friendly open source web-based GIS platform. The tool has been designed with reference to the legislative framework on environmental impact assessment of SMWT in Flanders. It has the potential to be used as strategic spatial-environmental tool - in due time Europe-wide - since it is based on the LESTS assessment (Legal, Economic, Spatial, Technical and Social analysis) and it provides insight at two spatial planning levels. At the regional planning scale the tool provides information on spatial and geographical constraints by generating an environmentally compatible SMWT energy potential map. At a local level the tool indicates the optimal SMWT location by estimating the system's annual energy output and the investment payback time for SMWTs of different technology characteristics and sizes. The paper tests and validates the proposed tool in Flanders, while contributing to the sustainability assessment process of local renewable energy use.},
  author       = {Van Ackere, Samuel and Van Eetvelde, Greet and Papa, Enrica and Vandevelde, Lieven},
  booktitle    = {AESOP, definite space : fuzzy responsibility, Proceedings},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Prague, Czech Republic},
  pages        = {19},
  publisher    = {AESOP},
  title        = {A planning decision support tool for small and medium wind turbines in Flanders},
  year         = {2015},
}