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A geometric theory for scroll wave filaments in anisotropic excitable media

Hans Dierckx (UGent) , Olivier Bernus (UGent) and Henri Verschelde (UGent)
(2009) PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA. 238(11-12). p.941-950
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Abstract
Scroll waves are an important example of self-organisation in excitable media. In cardiac tissue, scroll waves of electrical activity underlie lethal ventricular arrhythmias and fibrillation. They rotate around a topological line defect which has been termed the filament. Numerical investigation has shown that anisotropy can substantially affect the dynamics of scroll waves. It has recently been hypothesised that stationary scroll wave filaments in cardiac tissue describe geodesics in a space whose metric is the inverse diffusion tensor. Several computational studies have validated this hypothesis, but until now no quantitative theory has been provided to study the effects of anisotropy on scroll wave filaments. Here, we review in detail the recently developed covariant formalism for scroll wave dynamics in general anisotropy and derive the equations of motion of filaments. These equations are fully covariant under general spatial coordinate transformations and describe the motion of filaments in a curved space whose metric tensor is the inverse diffusion tensor. Our dynamic equations are valid for thin filaments and for general anisotropy and we show that stationary filaments obey the geodesic equation. We extend previous work by allowing spatial variations in the determinant of the diffusion tensor and the reaction parameters, leading to drift of the filament.
Keywords
Excitable media, Scroll waves, Anisotropy, Equation of motion

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Chicago
Dierckx, Hans, Olivier Bernus, and Henri Verschelde. 2009. “A Geometric Theory for Scroll Wave Filaments in Anisotropic Excitable Media.” Physica D-nonlinear Phenomena 238 (11-12): 941–950.
APA
Dierckx, H., Bernus, O., & Verschelde, H. (2009). A geometric theory for scroll wave filaments in anisotropic excitable media. PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA, 238(11-12), 941–950.
Vancouver
1.
Dierckx H, Bernus O, Verschelde H. A geometric theory for scroll wave filaments in anisotropic excitable media. PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA. Elsevier; 2009;238(11-12):941–50.
MLA
Dierckx, Hans, Olivier Bernus, and Henri Verschelde. “A Geometric Theory for Scroll Wave Filaments in Anisotropic Excitable Media.” PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA 238.11-12 (2009): 941–950. Print.
@article{688473,
  abstract     = {Scroll waves are an important example of self-organisation in excitable media. In cardiac tissue, scroll waves of electrical activity underlie lethal ventricular arrhythmias and fibrillation. They rotate around a topological line defect which has been termed the filament. Numerical investigation has shown that anisotropy can substantially affect the dynamics of scroll waves. It has recently been hypothesised that stationary scroll wave filaments in cardiac tissue describe geodesics in a space whose metric is the inverse diffusion tensor. Several computational studies have validated this hypothesis, but until now no quantitative theory has been provided to study the effects of anisotropy on scroll wave filaments. Here, we review in detail the recently developed covariant formalism for scroll wave dynamics in general anisotropy and derive the equations of motion of filaments. These equations are fully covariant under general spatial coordinate transformations and describe the motion of filaments in a curved space whose metric tensor is the inverse diffusion tensor. Our dynamic equations are valid for thin filaments and for general anisotropy and we show that stationary filaments obey the geodesic equation. We extend previous work by allowing spatial variations in the determinant of the diffusion tensor and the reaction parameters, leading to drift of the filament.},
  author       = {Dierckx, Hans and Bernus, Olivier and Verschelde, Henri},
  issn         = {0167-2789},
  journal      = {PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA},
  keywords     = {Excitable media,Scroll waves,Anisotropy,Equation of motion},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11-12},
  pages        = {941--950},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  title        = {A geometric theory for scroll wave filaments in anisotropic excitable media},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2008.09.006},
  volume       = {238},
  year         = {2009},
}

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