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Recommendations on the use of echocardiography in adult hypertension: a report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)

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Abstract
Hypertension remains a major contributor to the global burden of disease. The measurement of blood pressure continues to have pitfalls related to both physiological aspects and acute variation. As the left ventricle (LV) remains one of the main target organs of hypertension, and echocardiographic measures of structure and function carry prognostic information in this setting, the development of a consensus position on the use of echocardiography in this setting is important. Recent developments in the assessment of LV hypertrophy and LV systolic and diastolic function have prompted the preparation of this document. The focus of this work is on the cardiovascular responses to hypertension rather than the diagnosis of secondary hypertension. Sections address the pathophysiology of the cardiac and vascular responses to hypertension, measurement of LV mass, geometry, and function, as well as effects of treatment.
Keywords
TISSUE DOPPLER-ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, INCREMENTAL PROGNOSTIC VALUE, TWO-DIMENSIONAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, CARDIAC MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, SPECKLE-TRACKING ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, TIME 3-DIMENSIONAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, LEFT ATRIAL SIZE, LEFT-VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY, Echocardiography, Hypertension, PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION, 6 ANTIHYPERTENSIVE AGENTS

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MLA
Marwick, Thomas H et al. “Recommendations on the Use of Echocardiography in Adult Hypertension: a Report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE).” JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 28.7 (2015): 727–754. Print.
APA
Marwick, T. H., Gillebert, T., Aurigemma, G., Chirinos Medina, J., Derumeaux, G., Galderisi, M., Gottdiener, J., et al. (2015). Recommendations on the use of echocardiography in adult hypertension: a report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE). JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 28(7), 727–754.
Chicago author-date
Marwick, Thomas H, Thierry Gillebert, Gerard Aurigemma, Julio Chirinos Medina, Genevieve Derumeaux, Maurizio Galderisi, John Gottdiener, et al. 2015. “Recommendations on the Use of Echocardiography in Adult Hypertension: a Report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE).” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 28 (7): 727–754.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Marwick, Thomas H, Thierry Gillebert, Gerard Aurigemma, Julio Chirinos Medina, Genevieve Derumeaux, Maurizio Galderisi, John Gottdiener, Brian Haluska, Elizabeth Ofili, Patrick Segers, Roxy Senior, Robyn J Tapp, and Jose L Zamorano. 2015. “Recommendations on the Use of Echocardiography in Adult Hypertension: a Report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE).” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 28 (7): 727–754.
Vancouver
1.
Marwick TH, Gillebert T, Aurigemma G, Chirinos Medina J, Derumeaux G, Galderisi M, et al. Recommendations on the use of echocardiography in adult hypertension: a report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE). JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY. 2015;28(7):727–54.
IEEE
[1]
T. H. Marwick et al., “Recommendations on the use of echocardiography in adult hypertension: a report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE),” JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 727–754, 2015.
@article{6880104,
  abstract     = {Hypertension remains a major contributor to the global burden of disease. The measurement of blood pressure continues to have pitfalls related to both physiological aspects and acute variation. As the left ventricle (LV) remains one of the main target organs of hypertension, and echocardiographic measures of structure and function carry prognostic information in this setting, the development of a consensus position on the use of echocardiography in this setting is important. Recent developments in the assessment of LV hypertrophy and LV systolic and diastolic function have prompted the preparation of this document. The focus of this work is on the cardiovascular responses to hypertension rather than the diagnosis of secondary hypertension. Sections address the pathophysiology of the cardiac and vascular responses to hypertension, measurement of LV mass, geometry, and function, as well as effects of treatment.},
  author       = {Marwick, Thomas H and Gillebert, Thierry and Aurigemma, Gerard and Chirinos Medina, Julio and Derumeaux, Genevieve and Galderisi, Maurizio and Gottdiener, John and Haluska, Brian and Ofili, Elizabeth and Segers, Patrick and Senior, Roxy and Tapp, Robyn J and Zamorano, Jose L},
  issn         = {0894-7317},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY},
  keywords     = {TISSUE DOPPLER-ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY,INCREMENTAL PROGNOSTIC VALUE,TWO-DIMENSIONAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY,CARDIAC MAGNETIC-RESONANCE,SPECKLE-TRACKING ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY,TIME 3-DIMENSIONAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY,LEFT ATRIAL SIZE,LEFT-VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY,Echocardiography,Hypertension,PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION,6 ANTIHYPERTENSIVE AGENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {727--754},
  title        = {Recommendations on the use of echocardiography in adult hypertension: a report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.echo.2015.05.002},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2015},
}

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