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Associations between cycling skill, general motor competence and body mass index in 9-year-old children

Linus Zeuwts (UGent) , Fabian Ducheyne (UGent) , Pieter Vansteenkiste (UGent) , Eva D'Hondt (UGent) , Greet Cardon (UGent) and Matthieu Lenoir (UGent)
(2015) ERGONOMICS. 58(1). p.160-171
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Abstract
Learning to ride a bicycle is an important milestone in a child's life. Unfortunately, young traffic casualties remain overrepresented in traffic reports, with single-bicycle crashes as principal cause in children. This correlational, cross-sectional study focuses on the association between cycling skills and two intrinsic characteristics: general motor competence and body mass index (BMI). Therefore, general motor competence, BMI and practical cycling competence were measured in 9-year-old children (n = 40). Significant correlations were found between cycling skills and general motor competence (r = 0.434, p <= 0.01), and between cycling skills and BMI (r = - 0.400, p <= 0.05). A multiple regression analysis revealed that children's general motor quotient and BMI together predicted 19% of cycling skill score. These findings indicate that general motor competence and bicycle skills are not independent of each other stressing the importance of young children's characteristics when actively participating in traffic. In addition, BMI might be negatively associated with the development of cycling skills in children.
Keywords
OBESE, BEHAVIOR, COORDINATION, SCHOOL, PERFORMANCE, CHILDHOOD, FUR KINDER, HEALTHY-WEIGHT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, BICYCLE ACCIDENTS, gross motor competence, overweight, children, bicycling

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MLA
Zeuwts, Linus et al. “Associations Between Cycling Skill, General Motor Competence and Body Mass Index in 9-year-old Children.” ERGONOMICS 58.1 (2015): 160–171. Print.
APA
Zeuwts, L., Ducheyne, F., Vansteenkiste, P., D’Hondt, E., Cardon, G., & Lenoir, M. (2015). Associations between cycling skill, general motor competence and body mass index in 9-year-old children. ERGONOMICS, 58(1), 160–171.
Chicago author-date
Zeuwts, Linus, Fabian Ducheyne, Pieter Vansteenkiste, Eva D’Hondt, Greet Cardon, and Matthieu Lenoir. 2015. “Associations Between Cycling Skill, General Motor Competence and Body Mass Index in 9-year-old Children.” Ergonomics 58 (1): 160–171.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Zeuwts, Linus, Fabian Ducheyne, Pieter Vansteenkiste, Eva D’Hondt, Greet Cardon, and Matthieu Lenoir. 2015. “Associations Between Cycling Skill, General Motor Competence and Body Mass Index in 9-year-old Children.” Ergonomics 58 (1): 160–171.
Vancouver
1.
Zeuwts L, Ducheyne F, Vansteenkiste P, D’Hondt E, Cardon G, Lenoir M. Associations between cycling skill, general motor competence and body mass index in 9-year-old children. ERGONOMICS. 2015;58(1):160–71.
IEEE
[1]
L. Zeuwts, F. Ducheyne, P. Vansteenkiste, E. D’Hondt, G. Cardon, and M. Lenoir, “Associations between cycling skill, general motor competence and body mass index in 9-year-old children,” ERGONOMICS, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 160–171, 2015.
@article{6868823,
  abstract     = {Learning to ride a bicycle is an important milestone in a child's life. Unfortunately, young traffic casualties remain overrepresented in traffic reports, with single-bicycle crashes as principal cause in children. This correlational, cross-sectional study focuses on the association between cycling skills and two intrinsic characteristics: general motor competence and body mass index (BMI). Therefore, general motor competence, BMI and practical cycling competence were measured in 9-year-old children (n = 40). Significant correlations were found between cycling skills and general motor competence (r = 0.434, p <= 0.01), and between cycling skills and BMI (r = - 0.400, p <= 0.05). A multiple regression analysis revealed that children's general motor quotient and BMI together predicted 19% of cycling skill score. These findings indicate that general motor competence and bicycle skills are not independent of each other stressing the importance of young children's characteristics when actively participating in traffic. In addition, BMI might be negatively associated with the development of cycling skills in children.},
  author       = {Zeuwts, Linus and Ducheyne, Fabian and Vansteenkiste, Pieter and D'Hondt, Eva and Cardon, Greet and Lenoir, Matthieu},
  issn         = {0014-0139},
  journal      = {ERGONOMICS},
  keywords     = {OBESE,BEHAVIOR,COORDINATION,SCHOOL,PERFORMANCE,CHILDHOOD,FUR KINDER,HEALTHY-WEIGHT,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,BICYCLE ACCIDENTS,gross motor competence,overweight,children,bicycling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {160--171},
  title        = {Associations between cycling skill, general motor competence and body mass index in 9-year-old children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2014.961971},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2015},
}

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