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Relationship between age at gonadectomy and health problems in kittens adopted from shelters

Nathalie Porters (UGent) , Ingeborgh Polis (UGent) , Christel Moons (UGent) , Isabel Van de Maele (UGent) , Richard Ducatelle (UGent) , Klara Goethals (UGent) , Luc Duchateau (UGent) and Hilde De Rooster (UGent)
(2015) VETERINARY RECORD. 176(22).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Prepubertal gonadectomy (PPG) is promoted as a way of managing overpopulation in cats, but concerns about PPG and potential health issues still exist. The objective of the present study was to evaluate short-term and long-term health problems in cats subjected to PPG in comparison to gonadectomy at traditional age (TAG). In a prospective clinical trial, 800 shelter kittens aged between approximately 8 weeks and 12 weeks were recruited before adoption and randomly assigned to either the PPG group (gonadectomy performed immediately) or the TAG group (gonadectomy delayed until six months to eight months of age). Short-term health issues included mortality between when kittens arrived at the clinic and up to seven days after they returned to the shelter, as well as the occurrence of various other health issues arising in the first month following adoption. Kittens were followed-up until 24 months of age specifically for feline lower urinary tract disease, urethral obstruction (male cats), lameness, fractures and hypersensitivity disorders with dermatological presentation. In the short term, there were no significant differences between health problems in PPG and TAG kittens. Similarly, no significant differences were observed between treatment groups in terms of the type or number of health issues in the long term. In conclusion, there are no health-related contraindications to advocating PPG strategies in shelter cats. Ideally, PPG should be performed at the shelter facility itself as long as excellent infectious disease control and postoperative clinical observation before adoption are guaranteed.
Keywords
FELINE UROLOGICAL SYNDROME, FEMALE DOMESTIC CATS, RISK-FACTORS, PREPUBERTAL GONADECTOMY, PHYSEAL CLOSURE, POSTPUBERAL GONADECTOMY, NEUTERING 6-WEEK-OLD, BEHAVIORAL-DEVELOPMENT, 14-WEEK-OLD KITTENS, SURGICAL TECHNIQUES

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Porters, Nathalie et al. “Relationship Between Age at Gonadectomy and Health Problems in Kittens Adopted from Shelters.” VETERINARY RECORD 176.22 (2015): n. pag. Print.
APA
Porters, N., Polis, I., Moons, C., Van de Maele, I., Ducatelle, R., Goethals, K., Duchateau, L., et al. (2015). Relationship between age at gonadectomy and health problems in kittens adopted from shelters. VETERINARY RECORD, 176(22).
Chicago author-date
Porters, Nathalie, Ingeborgh Polis, Christel Moons, Isabel Van de Maele, Richard Ducatelle, Klara Goethals, Luc Duchateau, and Hilde De Rooster. 2015. “Relationship Between Age at Gonadectomy and Health Problems in Kittens Adopted from Shelters.” Veterinary Record 176 (22).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Porters, Nathalie, Ingeborgh Polis, Christel Moons, Isabel Van de Maele, Richard Ducatelle, Klara Goethals, Luc Duchateau, and Hilde De Rooster. 2015. “Relationship Between Age at Gonadectomy and Health Problems in Kittens Adopted from Shelters.” Veterinary Record 176 (22).
Vancouver
1.
Porters N, Polis I, Moons C, Van de Maele I, Ducatelle R, Goethals K, et al. Relationship between age at gonadectomy and health problems in kittens adopted from shelters. VETERINARY RECORD. 2015;176(22).
IEEE
[1]
N. Porters et al., “Relationship between age at gonadectomy and health problems in kittens adopted from shelters,” VETERINARY RECORD, vol. 176, no. 22, 2015.
@article{6865753,
  abstract     = {Prepubertal gonadectomy (PPG) is promoted as a way of managing overpopulation in cats, but concerns about PPG and potential health issues still exist. The objective of the present study was to evaluate short-term and long-term health problems in cats subjected to PPG in comparison to gonadectomy at traditional age (TAG). In a prospective clinical trial, 800 shelter kittens aged between approximately 8 weeks and 12 weeks were recruited before adoption and randomly assigned to either the PPG group (gonadectomy performed immediately) or the TAG group (gonadectomy delayed until six months to eight months of age). Short-term health issues included mortality between when kittens arrived at the clinic and up to seven days after they returned to the shelter, as well as the occurrence of various other health issues arising in the first month following adoption. Kittens were followed-up until 24 months of age specifically for feline lower urinary tract disease, urethral obstruction (male cats), lameness, fractures and hypersensitivity disorders with dermatological presentation. In the short term, there were no significant differences between health problems in PPG and TAG kittens. Similarly, no significant differences were observed between treatment groups in terms of the type or number of health issues in the long term. In conclusion, there are no health-related contraindications to advocating PPG strategies in shelter cats. Ideally, PPG should be performed at the shelter facility itself as long as excellent infectious disease control and postoperative clinical observation before adoption are guaranteed.},
  articleno    = {572},
  author       = {Porters, Nathalie and Polis, Ingeborgh and Moons, Christel and Van de Maele, Isabel and Ducatelle, Richard and Goethals, Klara and Duchateau, Luc and De Rooster, Hilde},
  issn         = {0042-4900},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RECORD},
  keywords     = {FELINE UROLOGICAL SYNDROME,FEMALE DOMESTIC CATS,RISK-FACTORS,PREPUBERTAL GONADECTOMY,PHYSEAL CLOSURE,POSTPUBERAL GONADECTOMY,NEUTERING 6-WEEK-OLD,BEHAVIORAL-DEVELOPMENT,14-WEEK-OLD KITTENS,SURGICAL TECHNIQUES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {22},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Relationship between age at gonadectomy and health problems in kittens adopted from shelters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.102678},
  volume       = {176},
  year         = {2015},
}

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