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Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity

Tineke Scheers, Renaat Philippaerts UGent, Leen Van Langendonck, William Duquet, Nathalie Duvigneaud, Lynn Matton, Martine Thomis, Katrien Wijndaele UGent and Johan Lefevre (2008) PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 11(11). p.1098-1106
abstract
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the lipid profile in men and women differentiated according to energy expenditure during sports participation (EESPORT), energy expenditure during active leisure time (EEALT) and overall energy expenditure (EETOTAL). Design: The subjects were grouped by sex, age, EESPORT, EEALT and EETOTAL. Group differences were analysed using analyses of covariance with BMI and alcohol consumption as covariates. Setting: Physical activity was assessed using the Flemish Physical Activity Computerised Questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were taken to measure total cholestrol (TC), TAG, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and the ratio TC:HDL-C. Subjects: The study sample consisted of 1170 Flemish men and women between 17 and 75 years of age. Results: Differences in lipid profile were observed in the younger age group (<45 years), all in favour of the most active group. More specifically, when differentiating by EEALT and EETOTAL, men had a healthier lipid profile for TAG, HDL-C and TC:HDL-C. Differentiation according to EESPORT revealed the same significant results except for TAG. In women significant results for HDL-C, LDL-C and TC:HDL-C were found when differentiated by EESPORT. Conclusions: Men and women <45 years of age with higher levels of energy expenditure due to sport show a better lipid profile than their sedentary counterparts. When differentiating subjects according to energy expenditure during active leisure time or overall energy expenditure, only in men was a healthier lipid profile observed in favor of the most active subjects.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Life-Style Factors, Coronary-Heart-Disease, Randomized Controlled-Trials, Cardiovascular Risk-Factors, Density-Lipoprotein-Cholesterol, Active leisure time, Sport, Physical activity, Lipid profile, Energy expenditure, Middle-Aged Men, Leisure-Time, Serum-Lipids, Blood-Lipids, Vigorous Exercise
journal title
PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION
Public Health Nutr.
volume
11
issue
11
pages
1098 - 1106
publisher
Cambridge University Press
place of publication
EDINBURGH BLDG, SHAFTESBURY RD, CB2 8RU CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000260429200003
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.123 (2008)
JCR rank
41/105 (2008)
JCR quartile
2 (2008)
ISSN
1368-9800
DOI
10.1017/S1368980007001425
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
685059
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-685059
date created
2009-06-09 11:57:18
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:14:28
@article{685059,
  abstract     = {Objective: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the lipid profile in men and women differentiated according to energy expenditure during sports participation (EESPORT), energy expenditure during active leisure time (EEALT) and overall energy expenditure (EETOTAL).
Design: The subjects were grouped by sex, age, EESPORT, EEALT and EETOTAL. Group differences were analysed using analyses of covariance with BMI and alcohol consumption as covariates.

Setting: Physical activity was assessed using the Flemish Physical Activity Computerised Questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were taken to measure total cholestrol (TC), TAG, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and the ratio TC:HDL-C.

Subjects: The study sample consisted of 1170 Flemish men and women between 17 and 75 years of age.

Results: Differences in lipid profile were observed in the younger age group ({\textlangle}45 years), all in favour of the most active group. More specifically, when differentiating by EEALT and EETOTAL, men had a healthier lipid profile for TAG, HDL-C and TC:HDL-C. Differentiation according to EESPORT revealed the same significant results except for TAG. In women significant results for HDL-C, LDL-C and TC:HDL-C were found when differentiated by EESPORT.

Conclusions: Men and women {\textlangle}45 years of age with higher levels of energy expenditure due to sport show a better lipid profile than their sedentary counterparts. When differentiating subjects according to energy expenditure during active leisure time or overall energy expenditure, only in men was a healthier lipid profile observed in favor of the most active subjects.},
  author       = {Scheers, Tineke and Philippaerts, Renaat and Van Langendonck, Leen and Duquet, William and Duvigneaud, Nathalie and Matton, Lynn and Thomis, Martine and Wijndaele, Katrien and Lefevre, Johan},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  journal      = {PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {Life-Style Factors,Coronary-Heart-Disease,Randomized Controlled-Trials,Cardiovascular Risk-Factors,Density-Lipoprotein-Cholesterol,Active leisure time,Sport,Physical activity,Lipid profile,Energy expenditure,Middle-Aged Men,Leisure-Time,Serum-Lipids,Blood-Lipids,Vigorous Exercise},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1098--1106},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  title        = {Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980007001425},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2008},
}

Chicago
Scheers, Tineke, Renaat Philippaerts, Leen Van Langendonck, William Duquet, Nathalie Duvigneaud, Lynn Matton, Martine Thomis, Katrien Wijndaele, and Johan Lefevre. 2008. “Lipid Profile in Men and Women with Different Levels of Sports Participation and Physical Activity.” Public Health Nutrition 11 (11): 1098–1106.
APA
Scheers, T., Philippaerts, R., Van Langendonck, L., Duquet, W., Duvigneaud, N., Matton, L., Thomis, M., et al. (2008). Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, 11(11), 1098–1106.
Vancouver
1.
Scheers T, Philippaerts R, Van Langendonck L, Duquet W, Duvigneaud N, Matton L, et al. Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. EDINBURGH BLDG, SHAFTESBURY RD, CB2 8RU CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND: Cambridge University Press; 2008;11(11):1098–106.
MLA
Scheers, Tineke, Renaat Philippaerts, Leen Van Langendonck, et al. “Lipid Profile in Men and Women with Different Levels of Sports Participation and Physical Activity.” PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 11.11 (2008): 1098–1106. Print.