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Occupational injuries: a comparison between temporary and permanent workers. Findings from the fifth European working condition survey

Hanan Alali (UGent) , Magd Abdel Wahab (UGent) , Tanja Van Hecke (UGent) and Lutgart Braeckman (UGent)
(2015) p.1-1
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Abstract
Objective: although the effect of occupation or employment status on health and safety is notable, there are few studies on the effect of precarious employment on occupational injuries. We compared work injuries and harm in precarious workers and their non-precarious counterparts using a representative European sample. Method: a total of 28853 workers (5863 temporary and 22990 permanent; average age 35 and 41 for temporary and permanent workers respectively) were surveyed by means of the fifth European working condition survey. Employment types consisted of permanent employment and four forms of non-standard work employment: fixed-term contract, temporary employment agency contract, an apprenticeship or other training scheme and no contract. Occupational injury was measured by asking whether the participant had an injury on the job in the past 12 months and causing physical injury to others was measured by asking whether the participants’ mistake on the job will cause physical injury to other workers? To investigate the relationships between employment types, and occupational injury, causing physical injury to other workers, multilevel logistic regression tests were conducted. Results: employees with precarious work were more likely to suffer from occupational injuries (OR 1.13, 95% confidence interval 1.01 – 1.26), and causing less harm to a coworker (OR 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.85 – 0.97) than employees with non-precarious work. After controlling for age, gender (Model 2) and working conditions (Model 3), compared with unadjusted model, men, those working long hours, those who experience multiple jobs and those working at high speed were found to be risk factors of occupational injuries and causing harm to a coworker. Conclusion: The current study indicated that temporary workers had a higher risk of occupational injuries than permanent employees. Indeed, this study is the first to examine the relations between types of employment and occupational injuries for all 27 member states of the European Union. Our study highlights the need to protect and improve the occupational safety of non-standard workers in EU27.
Keywords
non-standard work, occupational injuries

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Alali, Hanan, Magd Abdel Wahab, Tanja Van Hecke, and Lutgart Braeckman. 2015. “Occupational Injuries: a Comparison Between Temporary and Permanent Workers. Findings from the Fifth European Working Condition Survey.” In , 1–1. Gent, Belgium: kfG.
APA
Alali, H., Abdel Wahab, M., Van Hecke, T., & Braeckman, L. (2015). Occupational injuries: a comparison between temporary and permanent workers. Findings from the fifth European working condition survey (pp. 1–1). Presented at the Knowledge for Growth (kfG) FlandersBio’s annual life sciences convention, Gent, Belgium: kfG.
Vancouver
1.
Alali H, Abdel Wahab M, Van Hecke T, Braeckman L. Occupational injuries: a comparison between temporary and permanent workers. Findings from the fifth European working condition survey. Gent, Belgium: kfG; 2015. p. 1–1.
MLA
Alali, Hanan, Magd Abdel Wahab, Tanja Van Hecke, et al. “Occupational Injuries: a Comparison Between Temporary and Permanent Workers. Findings from the Fifth European Working Condition Survey.” Gent, Belgium: kfG, 2015. 1–1. Print.
@inproceedings{6844742,
  abstract     = {Objective: although the effect of occupation or employment status on health and safety is notable, there are few studies on the effect of precarious employment on occupational injuries. We compared work injuries and harm in precarious workers and their non-precarious counterparts using a representative European sample.    

Method: a total of 28853 workers (5863 temporary and 22990 permanent; average age 35 and 41 for temporary and permanent workers respectively) were surveyed by means of the fifth European working condition survey. Employment types consisted of permanent employment and four forms of non-standard work employment: fixed-term contract, temporary employment agency contract, an apprenticeship or other training scheme and no contract.  Occupational injury was measured by asking whether the participant had an injury on the job in the past 12 months and causing physical injury to others was measured by asking whether the participants{\textquoteright} mistake on the job will cause physical injury to other workers? To investigate the relationships between  employment types,  and occupational injury, causing physical injury to other workers, multilevel logistic regression tests were conducted. 

Results:  employees with precarious work were more likely to suffer from occupational injuries (OR 1.13, 95\% confidence interval 1.01 -- 1.26), and causing less harm to a coworker (OR 0.91, 95\% confidence interval 0.85 -- 0.97) than employees with non-precarious work. After controlling for age, gender (Model 2) and working conditions (Model 3), compared with unadjusted model, men, those working long hours, those who experience multiple jobs and those working at high speed were found to be risk factors of occupational injuries and causing harm to a coworker. 

Conclusion: The current study indicated that temporary workers had a higher risk of occupational injuries than permanent employees. Indeed,  this study is the first to examine the relations between types of employment and occupational injuries  for all 27 member states of the European Union. Our study highlights the need to protect and improve the occupational safety of non-standard workers in EU27.},
  author       = {Alali, Hanan and Abdel Wahab, Magd and Van Hecke, Tanja and Braeckman, Lutgart},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  pages        = {1--1},
  publisher    = {kfG},
  title        = {Occupational injuries: a comparison between temporary and permanent workers. Findings from the fifth European working condition survey},
  year         = {2015},
}