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Influence of foot conformation on duration of competitive life in a Dutch Warmblood horse population

BJ Ducro, B Gorissen, P Van Eldik and Willem Back UGent (2009) EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. 41(2). p.144-148
abstract
Reasons for performing study: Warmblood horse studbooks aim to breed horses with a conformation that will enable elite future sports performance, but reduce the risk of early retirement due to lameness. Negative conformational traits, such as asymmetrical or 'uneven' forefeet may possibly shorten the career of sporthorses. Objectives: To investigate the significance of foot conformation at young age to duration of the career of sporthorses. Methods: Databases of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Studbook (KWPN) and of the Royal Dutch Equestrian Sports Federation (KNHS) were matched and resulted in a dataset comprising 23,116 records of horses for which their conformation scores and duration of their sports career were available. Survival - analysis was used to determine which of the conformation traits had a significant effect on duration of sports career in dressage and jumping at basic and elite level. Results: Duration of competitive life was shorter for jumping than for dressage. A different set of risk factors was found for each level and discipline. The trait 'uneven feet' tended to shorten the competitive life in dressage, but was a significant risk factor at the elite level of jumping. Conclusions: Limb conformation and, in particular, the conformation of the distal limb, are important for duration of competitive life. From the prevalence of uneven feet in sports disciplines, it may be concluded that this is an undesirable trait, particularly at the elite level of jumping, since uneven feet have a detrimental effect on the duration of competitive life in a sporthorse population. Potential relevance: This study provided evidence that the conformation trait uneven feet has a negative effect on Warmblood,jumping performance and, therefore, breeders should be encouraged to avoid this phenomenon at foal age.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
survival analysis, horse, sports duration, conformation, SWEDISH WARMBLOOD, LONGEVITY, TRAITS
journal title
EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL
Equine Vet. J.
volume
41
issue
2
pages
144 - 148
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000263402000010
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.837 (2009)
JCR rank
18/141 (2009)
JCR quartile
1 (2009)
ISSN
0425-1644
DOI
10.2746/042516408X363800
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
671598
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-671598
date created
2009-05-29 10:59:02
date last changed
2009-06-23 14:56:38
@article{671598,
  abstract     = {Reasons for performing study: Warmblood horse studbooks aim to breed horses with a conformation that will enable elite future sports performance, but reduce the risk of early retirement due to lameness. Negative conformational traits, such as asymmetrical or 'uneven' forefeet may possibly shorten the career of sporthorses.
Objectives: To investigate the significance of foot conformation at young age to duration of the career of sporthorses.
Methods: Databases of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Studbook (KWPN) and of the Royal Dutch Equestrian Sports Federation (KNHS) were matched and resulted in a dataset comprising 23,116 records of horses for which their conformation scores and duration of their sports career were available. Survival - analysis was used to determine which of the conformation traits had a significant effect on duration of sports career in dressage and jumping at basic and elite level.
Results: Duration of competitive life was shorter for jumping than for dressage. A different set of risk factors was found for each level and discipline. The trait 'uneven feet' tended to shorten the competitive life in dressage, but was a significant risk factor at the elite level of jumping.
Conclusions: Limb conformation and, in particular, the conformation of the distal limb, are important for duration of competitive life. From the prevalence of uneven feet in sports disciplines, it may be concluded that this is an undesirable trait, particularly at the elite level of jumping, since uneven feet have a detrimental effect on the duration of competitive life in a sporthorse population.
Potential relevance: This study provided evidence that the conformation trait uneven feet has a negative effect on Warmblood,jumping performance and, therefore, breeders should be encouraged to avoid this phenomenon at foal age.},
  author       = {Ducro, BJ and Gorissen, B and Van Eldik, P and Back, Willem},
  issn         = {0425-1644},
  journal      = {EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {survival analysis,horse,sports duration,conformation,SWEDISH WARMBLOOD,LONGEVITY,TRAITS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {144--148},
  title        = {Influence of foot conformation on duration of competitive life in a Dutch Warmblood horse population},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2746/042516408X363800},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Ducro, BJ, B Gorissen, P Van Eldik, and Willem Back. 2009. “Influence of Foot Conformation on Duration of Competitive Life in a Dutch Warmblood Horse Population.” Equine Veterinary Journal 41 (2): 144–148.
APA
Ducro, B., Gorissen, B., Van Eldik, P., & Back, W. (2009). Influence of foot conformation on duration of competitive life in a Dutch Warmblood horse population. EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL, 41(2), 144–148.
Vancouver
1.
Ducro B, Gorissen B, Van Eldik P, Back W. Influence of foot conformation on duration of competitive life in a Dutch Warmblood horse population. EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. 2009;41(2):144–8.
MLA
Ducro, BJ, B Gorissen, P Van Eldik, et al. “Influence of Foot Conformation on Duration of Competitive Life in a Dutch Warmblood Horse Population.” EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL 41.2 (2009): 144–148. Print.