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Social employment of welfare recipients in Belgium: an evaluation

Bart Cockx (UGent) and Geert Ridder
(2001) ECONOMIC JOURNAL. 111(470). p.322-352
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Abstract
In Belgium, welfare agencies receive a subsidy to employ welfare recipients for a period sufficiently long to entitle them to unemployment benefits. We investigate the effect of this programme on the exit rate from welfare. We propose a grouping/IV estimator of the programme effect that eliminates selection bias. The estimator is consistent, even if the selection into the programme depends on the average unobserved characteristics of welfare recipients in a region and in a welfare duration interval. Without correction for selectivity we find that the programme reduces welfare dependence, but after correction this conclusion is reversed.
Keywords
Welfare, evaluation, grouping, duration data

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Citation

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Chicago
Cockx, Bart, and Geert Ridder. 2001. “Social Employment of Welfare Recipients in Belgium: An Evaluation.” Economic Journal 111 (470): 322–352.
APA
Cockx, B., & Ridder, G. (2001). Social employment of welfare recipients in Belgium: an evaluation. ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 111(470), 322–352.
Vancouver
1.
Cockx B, Ridder G. Social employment of welfare recipients in Belgium: an evaluation. ECONOMIC JOURNAL. Oxford, England: Wiley-Blackwell; 2001;111(470):322–52.
MLA
Cockx, Bart, and Geert Ridder. “Social Employment of Welfare Recipients in Belgium: An Evaluation.” ECONOMIC JOURNAL 111.470 (2001): 322–352. Print.
@article{670731,
  abstract     = {In Belgium, welfare agencies receive a subsidy to employ welfare recipients for a period sufficiently long to entitle them to unemployment benefits. We investigate the effect of this programme on the exit rate from welfare. We propose a grouping/IV estimator of the programme effect that eliminates selection bias. The estimator is consistent, even if the selection into the programme depends on the average unobserved characteristics of welfare recipients in a region and in a welfare duration interval. Without correction for selectivity we find that the programme reduces welfare dependence, but after correction this conclusion is reversed.},
  author       = {Cockx, Bart and Ridder, Geert},
  issn         = {0013-0133},
  journal      = {ECONOMIC JOURNAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {470},
  pages        = {322--352},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  title        = {Social employment of welfare recipients in Belgium: an evaluation},
  volume       = {111},
  year         = {2001},
}

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