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Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dicotomy from the other end

Marcus Clauss UGent, M Lechner-Doll and W Jürgen Streich (2002) OECOLOGIA. 131(3). p.343-349
abstract
We investigated the particle size distribution in 245 faecal samples of 8 1 species of captive ruminants by a wet-sieving procedure. As a comparative measure, the modulus of fineness (MOF; Poppi et al. 1980) was used. Species were classified as frugivores (n=5), browsers (BR, n=16), intermediate feeders (IM, n=35) and grazers (GR, n=25). BR generally had a higher proportion of large particles, i.e. higher MOF values, than IM or GR of comparable size. These findings are in accord with reported lower fibre digestibility and less selective particle retention in BR, and are indicative of a difference in reticulo-ruminal physiology between the main ruminant feeding types. Possible consequences of the escape of larger particles from a browser's reticulo-rumen for the feeding of captive BR are briefly discussed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
faeces, DEER, particle size, ruminant diversification, selective particle retention, feeding type, MOOSE ALCES-ALCES, CERVUS-ELAPHUS, PLANT-PARTICLES, RETENTION TIME, BODY-SIZE, CATTLE, SHEEP, RUMEN, RUMINATION
journal title
OECOLOGIA
Oecologia
volume
131
issue
3
pages
343 - 349
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000175936300003
JCR category
ECOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.602 (2002)
JCR rank
21/101 (2002)
JCR quartile
1 (2002)
ISSN
0029-8549
DOI
10.1007/s00442-002-0894-8
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
669804
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-669804
date created
2009-05-28 09:21:34
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:45
@article{669804,
  abstract     = {We investigated the particle size distribution in 245 faecal samples of 8 1 species of captive ruminants by a wet-sieving procedure. As a comparative measure, the modulus of fineness (MOF; Poppi et al. 1980) was used. Species were classified as frugivores (n=5), browsers (BR, n=16), intermediate feeders (IM, n=35) and grazers (GR, n=25). BR generally had a higher proportion of large particles, i.e. higher MOF values, than IM or GR of comparable size. These findings are in accord with reported lower fibre digestibility and less selective particle retention in BR, and are indicative of a difference in reticulo-ruminal physiology between the main ruminant feeding types. Possible consequences of the escape of larger particles from a browser's reticulo-rumen for the feeding of captive BR are briefly discussed.},
  author       = {Clauss, Marcus and Lechner-Doll, M and Streich, W J{\"u}rgen},
  issn         = {0029-8549},
  journal      = {OECOLOGIA},
  keyword      = {faeces,DEER,particle size,ruminant diversification,selective particle retention,feeding type,MOOSE ALCES-ALCES,CERVUS-ELAPHUS,PLANT-PARTICLES,RETENTION TIME,BODY-SIZE,CATTLE,SHEEP,RUMEN,RUMINATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {343--349},
  title        = {Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dicotomy from the other end},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-0894-8},
  volume       = {131},
  year         = {2002},
}

Chicago
Clauss, Marcus, M Lechner-Doll, and W Jürgen Streich. 2002. “Faecal Particle Size Distribution in Captive Wild Ruminants: An Approach to the Browser/grazer Dicotomy from the Other End.” Oecologia 131 (3): 343–349.
APA
Clauss, Marcus, Lechner-Doll, M., & Streich, W. J. (2002). Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dicotomy from the other end. OECOLOGIA, 131(3), 343–349.
Vancouver
1.
Clauss M, Lechner-Doll M, Streich WJ. Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dicotomy from the other end. OECOLOGIA. 2002;131(3):343–9.
MLA
Clauss, Marcus, M Lechner-Doll, and W Jürgen Streich. “Faecal Particle Size Distribution in Captive Wild Ruminants: An Approach to the Browser/grazer Dicotomy from the Other End.” OECOLOGIA 131.3 (2002): 343–349. Print.