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Mineral accretion in nursing piglets in relation to sow performance and mineral source

Georgios Papadopoulos UGent, Dominiek Maes UGent and Geert Janssens UGent (2009) VETERINARNI MEDICINA. 54(2). p.41-46
abstract
The present study investigated the effect of a moderate substitution of inorganic mineral sources with chelated mineral sources from four weeks prior to parturition throughout lactation on sow and litter performance. In addition, the aims were to determine whether the mineral source and litter performance affect mineral status and accretion in piglets at birth and at weaning. Forty gestating sows in a commercial pig herd were selected and randomly assigned to two experimental groups, with part of the Cu, Mn, Zn and Fe content of the feed added as either an inorganic mineral source or a chelated mineral source. From each sow, one piglet was randomly selected at birth and at weaning for total body mineral analysis. Neither the performance of the sows and the piglets nor the total body mineral concentrations of the piglets at birth and at weaning were significantly different between the two diet groups (P > 0.05). Fe, Na and P content of piglets at birth were inversely correlated with birth weight (r = -0.447, P = 0.004 for Fe; r = -0.431, P = 0.005 for Na; r = -0.340, P = 0.032 for P). Daily accretion rate of K and Ca of piglets was positively correlated with piglet growth performance during the entire lactation period (r = 0.469, P = 0.008 for K; r = 0.581, P < 0.001 for Ca), and negatively correlated with number of liveborn piglets (r = -0.424, P = 0.014 for K, and r = -0.405, P = 0.027 for Ca). In conclusion, the study documented that partial substitution of inorganic minerals with a chelated mineral source failed to exert significant effects on performance and total body mineral concentrations. The importance of the influence of sow milk production on mineral body stores in piglets warrants further investigation.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
chelated minerals, sow, piglet growth, mineral accretion
journal title
VETERINARNI MEDICINA
Vet. Med.
volume
54
issue
2
pages
41 - 46
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000264217300001
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
0.644 (2009)
JCR rank
77/141 (2009)
JCR quartile
3 (2009)
ISSN
0375-8427
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
668679
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-668679
alternative location
http://www.vri.cz/docs/vetmed/54-2-41.pdf
date created
2009-05-27 12:23:43
date last changed
2009-06-19 15:18:37
@article{668679,
  abstract     = {The present study investigated the effect of a moderate substitution of inorganic mineral sources with chelated mineral sources from four weeks prior to parturition throughout lactation on sow and litter performance. In addition, the aims were to determine whether the mineral source and litter performance affect mineral status and accretion in piglets at birth and at weaning. Forty gestating sows in a commercial pig herd were selected and randomly assigned to two experimental groups, with part of the Cu, Mn, Zn and Fe content of the feed added as either an inorganic mineral source or a chelated mineral source. From each sow, one piglet was randomly selected at birth and at weaning for total body mineral analysis. Neither the performance of the sows and the piglets nor the total body mineral concentrations of the piglets at birth and at weaning were significantly different between the two diet groups (P {\textrangle} 0.05). Fe, Na and P content of piglets at birth were inversely correlated with birth weight (r = -0.447, P = 0.004 for Fe; r = -0.431, P = 0.005 for Na; r = -0.340, P = 0.032 for P). Daily accretion rate of K and Ca of piglets was positively correlated with piglet growth performance during the entire lactation period (r = 0.469, P = 0.008 for K; r = 0.581, P {\textlangle} 0.001 for Ca), and negatively correlated with number of liveborn piglets (r = -0.424, P = 0.014 for K, and r = -0.405, P = 0.027 for Ca). In conclusion, the study documented that partial substitution of inorganic minerals with a chelated mineral source failed to exert significant effects on performance and total body mineral concentrations. The importance of the influence of sow milk production on mineral body stores in piglets warrants further investigation.},
  author       = {Papadopoulos, Georgios and Maes, Dominiek and Janssens, Geert},
  issn         = {0375-8427},
  journal      = {VETERINARNI MEDICINA},
  keyword      = {chelated minerals,sow,piglet growth,mineral accretion},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {41--46},
  title        = {Mineral accretion in nursing piglets in relation to sow performance and mineral source},
  url          = {http://www.vri.cz/docs/vetmed/54-2-41.pdf},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Papadopoulos, Georgios, Dominiek Maes, and Geert Janssens. 2009. “Mineral Accretion in Nursing Piglets in Relation to Sow Performance and Mineral Source.” Veterinarni Medicina 54 (2): 41–46.
APA
Papadopoulos, G., Maes, D., & Janssens, G. (2009). Mineral accretion in nursing piglets in relation to sow performance and mineral source. VETERINARNI MEDICINA, 54(2), 41–46.
Vancouver
1.
Papadopoulos G, Maes D, Janssens G. Mineral accretion in nursing piglets in relation to sow performance and mineral source. VETERINARNI MEDICINA. 2009;54(2):41–6.
MLA
Papadopoulos, Georgios, Dominiek Maes, and Geert Janssens. “Mineral Accretion in Nursing Piglets in Relation to Sow Performance and Mineral Source.” VETERINARNI MEDICINA 54.2 (2009): 41–46. Print.