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Observations on the length of the intestinal tract of African Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian elephants Elephas maximus (Linne 1735)

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Abstract
The digestive tract of elephants is surprisingly short compared to other herbivorous mammals. However, measurements relating the length of the intestine to the body mass of the respective individual are rare. In this study, we report such data for an African elephant and an Asian elephant. Our data support the hypothesis that Asian elephants have a longer intestinal tract than their African counterparts. These findings are in accord with the observation of longer retention times and higher digestion coefficients in Asian as compared to African elephants. This difference between the species could be the reflection of slightly different ecological niches, with Asian elephants adapted to a natural diet with a higher proportion of grass.
Keywords
Elephas maximus, Loxodonta africana, gastrointestinal tract, body mass, digestive anatomy, digestive physiology, intestine, RHINOCEROS DICEROS-BICORNIS, FATTY-ACIDS, RUMINANTS, DIVERSIFICATION, ADAPTATIONS, DIGESTION, FLUID

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MLA
Clauss, Marcus et al. “Observations on the Length of the Intestinal Tract of African Loxodonta Africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian Elephants Elephas Maximus (Linne 1735).” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH 53.1 (2007): 68–72. Print.
APA
Clauss, M., Steinmetz, H., Eulenberger, U., Ossent, P., Zingg, R., Hummel, J., & Hatt, J.-M. (2007). Observations on the length of the intestinal tract of African Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian elephants Elephas maximus (Linne 1735). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH, 53(1), 68–72.
Chicago author-date
Clauss, Marcus, Hanspeter Steinmetz, Ulrike Eulenberger, Pete Ossent, Robert Zingg, Jürgen Hummel, and Jean-Michel Hatt. 2007. “Observations on the Length of the Intestinal Tract of African Loxodonta Africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian Elephants Elephas Maximus (Linne 1735).” European Journal of Wildlife Research 53 (1): 68–72.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Clauss, Marcus, Hanspeter Steinmetz, Ulrike Eulenberger, Pete Ossent, Robert Zingg, Jürgen Hummel, and Jean-Michel Hatt. 2007. “Observations on the Length of the Intestinal Tract of African Loxodonta Africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian Elephants Elephas Maximus (Linne 1735).” European Journal of Wildlife Research 53 (1): 68–72.
Vancouver
1.
Clauss M, Steinmetz H, Eulenberger U, Ossent P, Zingg R, Hummel J, et al. Observations on the length of the intestinal tract of African Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian elephants Elephas maximus (Linne 1735). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH. 2007;53(1):68–72.
IEEE
[1]
M. Clauss et al., “Observations on the length of the intestinal tract of African Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian elephants Elephas maximus (Linne 1735),” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 68–72, 2007.
@article{668214,
  abstract     = {{The digestive tract of elephants is surprisingly short compared to other herbivorous mammals. However, measurements relating the length of the intestine to the body mass of the respective individual are rare. In this study, we report such data for an African elephant and an Asian elephant. Our data support the hypothesis that Asian elephants have a longer intestinal tract than their African counterparts. These findings are in accord with the observation of longer retention times and higher digestion coefficients in Asian as compared to African elephants. This difference between the species could be the reflection of slightly different ecological niches, with Asian elephants adapted to a natural diet with a higher proportion of grass.}},
  author       = {{Clauss, Marcus and Steinmetz, Hanspeter and Eulenberger, Ulrike and Ossent, Pete and Zingg, Robert and Hummel, Jürgen and Hatt, Jean-Michel}},
  issn         = {{1612-4642}},
  journal      = {{EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{Elephas maximus,Loxodonta africana,gastrointestinal tract,body mass,digestive anatomy,digestive physiology,intestine,RHINOCEROS DICEROS-BICORNIS,FATTY-ACIDS,RUMINANTS,DIVERSIFICATION,ADAPTATIONS,DIGESTION,FLUID}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{68--72}},
  title        = {{Observations on the length of the intestinal tract of African Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach 1797) and Asian elephants Elephas maximus (Linne 1735)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10344-006-0064-0}},
  volume       = {{53}},
  year         = {{2007}},
}

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