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Business incomes in rural Nicaragua: the role of household resources, location, experience and trust

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Abstract
This paper analyses the determinants of business income for rural households in Nicaragua. A sample of 1030 households was studied in order to assess the importance of material and behavioural factors that influence income from business activity. The households are involved in manufacturing, trade, services or have a mixture of businesses. They generally have a low income and asset value. Households supplement their income from wages and agricultural activities. To estimate non-farm business income per employed person we analyse the impact of resources, location, entrepreneurial experience and trust. Our results show that household resources and entrepreneurial experience are significant determinants for business income in all sectors. Trust is also important, particularly generalized trust. The contribution of other forms of trust, such as institutional trust, depends on the sector in which households participate.
Keywords
GROWTH, trust, Author Keywords: business income, entrepreneurial experience, economic development, NONFARM EMPLOYMENT, Nicaragua, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, NETWORK, LATIN-AMERICA, FIRM, INDUSTRIALIZATION, ENTERPRISES, GOVERNANCE, INNOVATION

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MLA
D’Haese, Marijke, Marieke De Ruijter-De Wildt, and Ruerd Ruben. “Business Incomes in Rural Nicaragua: The Role of Household Resources, Location, Experience and Trust.” ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT 20.4 (2008): 345–366. Print.
APA
D’Haese, M., De Ruijter-De Wildt, M., & Ruben, R. (2008). Business incomes in rural Nicaragua: the role of household resources, location, experience and trust. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 20(4), 345–366.
Chicago author-date
D’Haese, Marijke, Marieke De Ruijter-De Wildt, and Ruerd Ruben. 2008. “Business Incomes in Rural Nicaragua: The Role of Household Resources, Location, Experience and Trust.” Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 20 (4): 345–366.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
D’Haese, Marijke, Marieke De Ruijter-De Wildt, and Ruerd Ruben. 2008. “Business Incomes in Rural Nicaragua: The Role of Household Resources, Location, Experience and Trust.” Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 20 (4): 345–366.
Vancouver
1.
D’Haese M, De Ruijter-De Wildt M, Ruben R. Business incomes in rural Nicaragua: the role of household resources, location, experience and trust. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT. 2008;20(4):345–66.
IEEE
[1]
M. D’Haese, M. De Ruijter-De Wildt, and R. Ruben, “Business incomes in rural Nicaragua: the role of household resources, location, experience and trust,” ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 345–366, 2008.
@article{666491,
  abstract     = {This paper analyses the determinants of business income for rural households in Nicaragua. A sample of 1030 households was studied in order to assess the importance of material and behavioural factors that influence income from business activity. The households are involved in manufacturing, trade, services or have a mixture of businesses. They generally have a low income and asset value. Households supplement their income from wages and agricultural activities. To estimate non-farm business income per employed person we analyse the impact of resources, location, entrepreneurial experience and trust. Our results show that household resources and entrepreneurial experience are significant determinants for business income in all sectors. Trust is also important, particularly generalized trust. The contribution of other forms of trust, such as institutional trust, depends on the sector in which households participate.},
  author       = {D'Haese, Marijke and De Ruijter-De Wildt, Marieke and Ruben, Ruerd},
  issn         = {0898-5626},
  journal      = {ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT},
  keywords     = {GROWTH,trust,Author Keywords: business income,entrepreneurial experience,economic development,NONFARM EMPLOYMENT,Nicaragua,DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES,NETWORK,LATIN-AMERICA,FIRM,INDUSTRIALIZATION,ENTERPRISES,GOVERNANCE,INNOVATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {345--366},
  title        = {Business incomes in rural Nicaragua: the role of household resources, location, experience and trust},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08985620701868231},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2008},
}

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