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Development and validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.

Author
Organization
Abstract
Self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan. 2000) proposes that intrinsic, relative to extrinsic, goal content is a critical predictor of the quality of an individual's behavior and psychological well-being. Through three studies, we developed and psychometrically tested a measure of intrinsic and extrinsic goal content in the exercise context: the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire (GCEQ). In adults, exploratory (N = 354; Study 1) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 312; Study 2) supported a 20-item solution consisting of 5 lower order factors (i.e., social affiliation, health management, skill development, image and social recognition) that Could be subsumed within a 2-factor higher order structure (i.e., intrinsic and extrinsic). Evidence for external validity, temporal stability, gender invariance, and internal consistency of the GCEQ was found. An independent sample (N = 475; Stud), 3) provided further support for the lower order structure of the GCEQ and sonic Support for the higher order structure. The GCEQ was supported as a measure of exercise-based goal content, which may help understand how intrinsic and extrinsic goals can motivate exercise behavior.
Keywords
intrinsic and extrinsic goals, self-determination theory, factor analysis, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, PSYCHOLOGICAL NEED SATISFACTION, OF-FIT INDEXES, INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, AMERICAN-DREAM, MATERIALISTIC VALUES, PERCEIVED AUTONOMY, BUSINESS STUDENTS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, EXTRINSIC GOALS

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Sebire, Simon, et al. “Development and Validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.” JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 30, no. 4, HUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC, 2008, pp. 353–77.
APA
Sebire, S., Standage, M., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2008). Development and validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire. JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 30(4), 353–377.
Chicago author-date
Sebire, Simon, M. Standage, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2008. “Development and Validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.” JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY 30 (4): 353–77.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sebire, Simon, M. Standage, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2008. “Development and Validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.” JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY 30 (4): 353–377.
Vancouver
1.
Sebire S, Standage M, Vansteenkiste M. Development and validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire. JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY. 2008;30(4):353–77.
IEEE
[1]
S. Sebire, M. Standage, and M. Vansteenkiste, “Development and validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.,” JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 353–377, 2008.
@article{628872,
  abstract     = {{Self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan. 2000) proposes that intrinsic, relative to extrinsic, goal content is a critical predictor of the quality of an individual's behavior and psychological well-being. Through three studies, we developed and psychometrically tested a measure of intrinsic and extrinsic goal content in the exercise context: the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire (GCEQ). In adults, exploratory (N = 354; Study 1) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 312; Study 2) supported a 20-item solution consisting of 5 lower order factors (i.e., social affiliation, health management, skill development, image and social recognition) that Could be subsumed within a 2-factor higher order structure (i.e., intrinsic and extrinsic). Evidence for external validity, temporal stability, gender invariance, and internal consistency of the GCEQ was found. An independent sample (N = 475; Stud), 3) provided further support for the lower order structure of the GCEQ and sonic Support for the higher order structure. The GCEQ was supported as a measure of exercise-based goal content, which may help understand how intrinsic and extrinsic goals can motivate exercise behavior.}},
  author       = {{Sebire, Simon and Standage, M. and Vansteenkiste, Maarten}},
  issn         = {{0895-2779}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{intrinsic and extrinsic goals,self-determination theory,factor analysis,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,PSYCHOLOGICAL NEED SATISFACTION,OF-FIT INDEXES,INTRINSIC MOTIVATION,AMERICAN-DREAM,MATERIALISTIC VALUES,PERCEIVED AUTONOMY,BUSINESS STUDENTS,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,EXTRINSIC GOALS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{353--377}},
  publisher    = {{HUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC}},
  title        = {{Development and validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire.}},
  volume       = {{30}},
  year         = {{2008}},
}

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