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Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research

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Organization
Abstract
The fulfillment of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness as postulated within self-determination theory was hypothesized to play an energizing role in identity formation, conceptualized as multiple dimensions of exploration and commitment. Two studies among high school and college students (N = 714) were conducted to investigate (a) the cross-sectional relationships between need satisfaction and the identity dimensions and (b) the direction of effects using cross-lagged analyses. Three competing longitudinal models were tested: a need satisfaction main-effects model, an identity main-effects model, and a reciprocal effects model. All 3 needs had meaningful relationships with the identity dimensions, and, although there was a predominance of paths from the needs to the identity dimensions, the reciprocal effects model received most support. Further, identity statuses (representing multivariate combinations of the identity dimensions) were meaningfully related to satisfaction of the 3 needs, with identity achievement scoring highest on all 3 indices of need satisfaction. Suggestions for future research and counseling implications are discussed.
Keywords
identity, need satisfaction, commitment, exploration, self-determination theory, PERSONALITY-RELATIONSHIP TRANSACTION, EMERGING ADULTHOOD, EGO-IDENTITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS, LATE ADOLESCENCE, EXPLORATION, MODEL, COMMITMENT, AUTONOMY, ORIENTATIONS

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MLA
Luyckx, Koen, et al. “Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research.” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 56, no. 2, American Psychological Association., 2009, pp. 276–88, doi:10.1037/a0015349.
APA
Luyckx, K., Vansteenkiste, M., Luc, G., & Duriez, B. (2009). Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56(2), 276–288. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015349
Chicago author-date
Luyckx, Koen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Goossens Luc, and Bart Duriez. 2009. “Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research.” Journal of Counseling Psychology 56 (2): 276–88. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015349.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Luyckx, Koen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Goossens Luc, and Bart Duriez. 2009. “Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research.” Journal of Counseling Psychology 56 (2): 276–288. doi:10.1037/a0015349.
Vancouver
1.
Luyckx K, Vansteenkiste M, Luc G, Duriez B. Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2009;56(2):276–88.
IEEE
[1]
K. Luyckx, M. Vansteenkiste, G. Luc, and B. Duriez, “Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research,” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 276–288, 2009.
@article{628677,
  abstract     = {{The fulfillment of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness as postulated within self-determination theory was hypothesized to play an energizing role in identity formation, conceptualized as multiple dimensions of exploration and commitment. Two studies among high school and college students (N = 714) were conducted to investigate (a) the cross-sectional relationships between need satisfaction and the identity dimensions and (b) the direction of effects using cross-lagged analyses. Three competing longitudinal models were tested: a need satisfaction main-effects model, an identity main-effects model, and a reciprocal effects model. All 3 needs had meaningful relationships with the identity dimensions, and, although there was a predominance of paths from the needs to the identity dimensions, the reciprocal effects model received most support. Further, identity statuses (representing multivariate combinations of the identity dimensions) were meaningfully related to satisfaction of the 3 needs, with identity achievement scoring highest on all 3 indices of need satisfaction. Suggestions for future research and counseling implications are discussed.}},
  author       = {{Luyckx, Koen and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Luc, Goossens and Duriez, Bart}},
  issn         = {{0022-0167}},
  journal      = {{Journal of Counseling Psychology}},
  keywords     = {{identity,need satisfaction,commitment,exploration,self-determination theory,PERSONALITY-RELATIONSHIP TRANSACTION,EMERGING ADULTHOOD,EGO-IDENTITY,PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS,LATE ADOLESCENCE,EXPLORATION,MODEL,COMMITMENT,AUTONOMY,ORIENTATIONS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{276--288}},
  publisher    = {{American Psychological Association.}},
  title        = {{Basic Need Satisfaction and Identity Formation: Bridging Self-Determination Theory and Process-Oriented Identity Research}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015349}},
  volume       = {{56}},
  year         = {{2009}},
}

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