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Faecal sampling underestimates the actual prevalence of Salmonella in laying hen flocks

(2009) ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 56(8). p.471-476
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Abstract
In all European Union member states, Salmonella monitoring in poultry flocks is obligatory. In these monitoring programmes, a limited number of pooled faeces and/or dust samples are collected to determine whether Salmonella is present in the flocks or not. Whether these limited sampling protocols are sufficiently sensitive to detect expected low within-flock prevalences of an intermittently shed pathogen is not yet clear. In this study, a comparison is made between different sampling procedures for the assessment of the between- and within-flock prevalence of Salmonella in laying hens. In total, 19 farms were sampled. Using a comparable sampling methodology as in the official surveillance programmes, Salmonella could not be detected in any of the flocks. After transportation of the hens to the laboratory and subsequent analysis of cloacal swabs and caecal contents, Salmonella Enteritidis was detected in laying hens from five of 19 farms. The observed within-flock prevalence ranged from 1% to 14%. Based on the results of this study, it can be expected that, depending on the sampling procedure, different estimates of the prevalence of Salmonella can be obtained and the proportion of Salmonella infected flocks is underestimated based on the results of the official monitoring programme.
Keywords
laying hens, Salmonella, sampling, prevalence, ENTERICA SEROVAR ENTERITIDIS, LAYER FLOCKS, RISK-FACTORS, CONTAMINATION, CHICKENS, EGGS, POULTRY, MANAGEMENT, OUTBREAKS, BROILER

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Citation

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Chicago
Van Hoorebeke, Sebastiaan, Filip Van Immerseel, Jantina De Vylder, Richard Ducatelle, Freddy Haesebrouck, Frank Pasmans, Aart de Kruif, and Jeroen Dewulf. 2009. “Faecal Sampling Underestimates the Actual Prevalence of Salmonella in Laying Hen Flocks.” Zoonoses and Public Health 56 (8): 471–476.
APA
Van Hoorebeke, S., Van Immerseel, F., De Vylder, J., Ducatelle, R., Haesebrouck, F., Pasmans, F., de Kruif, A., et al. (2009). Faecal sampling underestimates the actual prevalence of Salmonella in laying hen flocks. ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 56(8), 471–476.
Vancouver
1.
Van Hoorebeke S, Van Immerseel F, De Vylder J, Ducatelle R, Haesebrouck F, Pasmans F, et al. Faecal sampling underestimates the actual prevalence of Salmonella in laying hen flocks. ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2009;56(8):471–6.
MLA
Van Hoorebeke, Sebastiaan, Filip Van Immerseel, Jantina De Vylder, et al. “Faecal Sampling Underestimates the Actual Prevalence of Salmonella in Laying Hen Flocks.” ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH 56.8 (2009): 471–476. Print.
@article{628208,
  abstract     = {In all European Union member states, Salmonella monitoring in poultry flocks is obligatory. In these monitoring programmes, a limited number of pooled faeces and/or dust samples are collected to determine whether Salmonella is present in the flocks or not. Whether these limited sampling protocols are sufficiently sensitive to detect expected low within-flock prevalences of an intermittently shed pathogen is not yet clear. In this study, a comparison is made between different sampling procedures for the assessment of the between- and within-flock prevalence of Salmonella in laying hens. In total, 19 farms were sampled. Using a comparable sampling methodology as in the official surveillance programmes, Salmonella could not be detected in any of the flocks. After transportation of the hens to the laboratory and subsequent analysis of cloacal swabs and caecal contents, Salmonella Enteritidis was detected in laying hens from five of 19 farms. The observed within-flock prevalence ranged from 1\% to 14\%. Based on the results of this study, it can be expected that, depending on the sampling procedure, different estimates of the prevalence of Salmonella can be obtained and the proportion of Salmonella infected flocks is underestimated based on the results of the official monitoring programme.},
  author       = {Van Hoorebeke, Sebastiaan and Van Immerseel, Filip and De Vylder, Jantina and Ducatelle, Richard and Haesebrouck, Freddy and Pasmans, Frank and de Kruif, Aart and Dewulf, Jeroen},
  issn         = {1863-1959},
  journal      = {ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {laying hens,Salmonella,sampling,prevalence,ENTERICA SEROVAR ENTERITIDIS,LAYER FLOCKS,RISK-FACTORS,CONTAMINATION,CHICKENS,EGGS,POULTRY,MANAGEMENT,OUTBREAKS,BROILER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {471--476},
  title        = {Faecal sampling underestimates the actual prevalence of Salmonella in laying hen flocks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1863-2378.2008.01211.x},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2009},
}

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