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Assessment of differences in some indicators of pain in double muscled Belgian Blue cows following naturally calving vs Caesarean section

Iris Kolkman UGent, Stef Aerts, H Vervaecke, Jo Vicca, J Vandelook, Aart de Kruif UGent, Geert Opsomer UGent and Dirk Lips (2010) REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. 45(1). p.160-167
abstract
This article describes a study of the behaviour of double muscled Belgian Blue ( BB) cows during the peri partum period to assess the differences in pain perception in cows calving per vaginam vs cows delivering by caesarean section ( CS). In one herd, a total of 30 multiparous cows, of which 17 delivered by CS and 13 calved per vaginam, were closely observed at approximately 1 month before calving and at days 1, 3 and 14 after parturition. The main behavioural indicators of pain were alertness, transition in posture from standing to lying and vice versa, aggressive behaviour, vocalization, rumination quality, reaction on wound and vulva pressure and the percentage of visible eye-white. The main significant differences were lower overall activity and more transition in posture in animals that delivered by CS than in cows that calved naturally. Less time was spent on eating and ruminating in the CS group, their total resting time was longer and their total standing time was shorter. These significant differences were only observed on the first day after calving. Cows of the CS group reacted significantly more when pressure was put on the left flank on the first, third and fourteenth day after calving, whereas animals that calved per vaginam showed more reaction when pressure was put on the area around the vulva, but only on the first day. Based on the results of the present study, we can conclude that there are some significant short-term behavioural differences between BB cows that calve naturally and those that deliver by CS, but in general, the differences are subtle and of short duration.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DAIRY-COWS, SEX-RELATED DIFFERENCES, EYE WHITE, SLAUGHTER, CATTLE, CASTRATION, STRESS, CALVES, VOCALIZATION, BEHAVIOR
journal title
REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS
Reprod. Domest. Anim.
volume
45
issue
1
pages
160 - 167
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000273823300026
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.606 (2010)
JCR rank
26/145 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
0936-6768
DOI
10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01295.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
628028
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-628028
date created
2009-05-14 16:09:20
date last changed
2011-07-07 15:10:24
@article{628028,
  abstract     = {This article describes a study of the behaviour of double muscled Belgian Blue ( BB) cows during the peri partum period to assess the differences in pain perception in cows calving per vaginam vs cows delivering by caesarean section ( CS). In one herd, a total of 30 multiparous cows, of which 17 delivered by CS and 13 calved per vaginam, were closely observed at approximately 1 month before calving and at days 1, 3 and 14 after parturition. The main behavioural indicators of pain were alertness, transition in posture from standing to lying and vice versa, aggressive behaviour, vocalization, rumination quality, reaction on wound and vulva pressure and the percentage of visible eye-white. The main significant differences were lower overall activity and more transition in posture in animals that delivered by CS than in cows that calved naturally. Less time was spent on eating and ruminating in the CS group, their total resting time was longer and their total standing time was shorter. These significant differences were only observed on the first day after calving. Cows of the CS group reacted significantly more when pressure was put on the left flank on the first, third and fourteenth day after calving, whereas animals that calved per vaginam showed more reaction when pressure was put on the area around the vulva, but only on the first day. Based on the results of the present study, we can conclude that there are some significant short-term behavioural differences between BB cows that calve naturally and those that deliver by CS, but in general, the differences are subtle and of short duration.},
  author       = {Kolkman, Iris and Aerts, Stef and Vervaecke, H and Vicca, Jo and Vandelook, J and de Kruif, Aart and Opsomer, Geert and Lips, Dirk},
  issn         = {0936-6768},
  journal      = {REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS},
  keyword      = {DAIRY-COWS,SEX-RELATED DIFFERENCES,EYE WHITE,SLAUGHTER,CATTLE,CASTRATION,STRESS,CALVES,VOCALIZATION,BEHAVIOR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {160--167},
  title        = {Assessment of differences in some indicators of pain in double muscled Belgian Blue cows following naturally calving vs Caesarean section},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01295.x},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Kolkman, Iris, Stef Aerts, H Vervaecke, Jo Vicca, J Vandelook, Aart de Kruif, Geert Opsomer, and Dirk Lips. 2010. “Assessment of Differences in Some Indicators of Pain in Double Muscled Belgian Blue Cows Following Naturally Calving Vs Caesarean Section.” Reproduction in Domestic Animals 45 (1): 160–167.
APA
Kolkman, I., Aerts, S., Vervaecke, H., Vicca, J., Vandelook, J., de Kruif, A., Opsomer, G., et al. (2010). Assessment of differences in some indicators of pain in double muscled Belgian Blue cows following naturally calving vs Caesarean section. REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS, 45(1), 160–167.
Vancouver
1.
Kolkman I, Aerts S, Vervaecke H, Vicca J, Vandelook J, de Kruif A, et al. Assessment of differences in some indicators of pain in double muscled Belgian Blue cows following naturally calving vs Caesarean section. REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. 2010;45(1):160–7.
MLA
Kolkman, Iris, Stef Aerts, H Vervaecke, et al. “Assessment of Differences in Some Indicators of Pain in Double Muscled Belgian Blue Cows Following Naturally Calving Vs Caesarean Section.” REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS 45.1 (2010): 160–167. Print.