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Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices for nonlinear optical signal processing

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Abstract
Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) is a promising material system for dense on-chip integration of both silicon photonic and electronic devices. The high refractive index of silicon enables strong light confinement and compact low-loss devices at telecommunication wavelengths. In addition, on-chip nonlinear optical signal processing becomes feasible, because the third-order nonlinear susceptibility chi((3)) of silicon is about 200 times that of glass, and because the tight light confinement enhances the nonlinear response. However, for many applications it would be desirable to have even stronger nonlinearities, and to exploit second-order chi((2))-nonlinearities which are negligibly small in mono-crystalline silicon. On the other hand, many organic materials are highly nonlinear, but have only a low refractive index. Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) systems combine the strengths of both materials resultingg in extremely large effective nonlinearities. We report on the design of a 100 Gbit/s / 1 V modulator based on an 80 mu m long slow-light SOI photonic crystal slot waveguide filled with a chi((2))-nonlinear organic material. Further, we demonstrate demultiplexing of a 120 Gbit/s signal to 10 Gbit/s with four-wave mixing in a 6 mm long SOI slot waveguide, on which an organic highly chi((3))-nonlinear material was deposited with a molecular beam.
Keywords
Kerr effect, photonic crystal waveguides, electro-optic effect, silicon photonics, optical nonlinearities in organic materials, modulators, all-optical signal processing, WAVE-GUIDES, MODULATOR

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MLA
Freude, W et al. “Silicon-organic Hybrid (SOH) Devices for Nonlinear Optical Signal Processing.” ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS. Ed. M Marciniak. Vol. 2. New York, NY, USA: IEEE, 2008. 84–87. Print.
APA
Freude, W., Brosi, J.-M., Koos, C., Vorreau, P., Andreani, L., Dumon, P., Baets, R., et al. (2008). Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices for nonlinear optical signal processing. In M. Marciniak (Ed.), ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS (Vol. 2, pp. 84–87). Presented at the 10th Anniversary International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON 2008), New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Chicago author-date
Freude, W, J-M Brosi, C Koos, P Vorreau, LC Andreani, Pieter Dumon, Roel Baets, et al. 2008. “Silicon-organic Hybrid (SOH) Devices for Nonlinear Optical Signal Processing.” In ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS, ed. M Marciniak, 2:84–87. New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Freude, W, J-M Brosi, C Koos, P Vorreau, LC Andreani, Pieter Dumon, Roel Baets, B Esembeson, I Biaggio, T Michinobu, F Diederich, and J Leuthold. 2008. “Silicon-organic Hybrid (SOH) Devices for Nonlinear Optical Signal Processing.” In ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS, ed. M Marciniak, 2:84–87. New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Freude W, Brosi J-M, Koos C, Vorreau P, Andreani L, Dumon P, et al. Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices for nonlinear optical signal processing. In: Marciniak M, editor. ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS. New York, NY, USA: IEEE; 2008. p. 84–7.
IEEE
[1]
W. Freude et al., “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices for nonlinear optical signal processing,” in ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS, Athens, Greece, 2008, vol. 2, pp. 84–87.
@inproceedings{624989,
  abstract     = {Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) is a promising material system for dense on-chip integration of both silicon photonic and electronic devices. The high refractive index of silicon enables strong light confinement and compact low-loss devices at telecommunication wavelengths. In addition, on-chip nonlinear optical signal processing becomes feasible, because the third-order nonlinear susceptibility chi((3)) of silicon is about 200 times that of glass, and because the tight light confinement enhances the nonlinear response. However, for many applications it would be desirable to have even stronger nonlinearities, and to exploit second-order chi((2))-nonlinearities which are negligibly small in mono-crystalline silicon. On the other hand, many organic materials are highly nonlinear, but have only a low refractive index. Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) systems combine the strengths of both materials resultingg in extremely large effective nonlinearities.
We report on the design of a 100 Gbit/s / 1 V modulator based on an 80 mu m long slow-light SOI photonic crystal slot waveguide filled with a chi((2))-nonlinear organic material. Further, we demonstrate demultiplexing of a 120 Gbit/s signal to 10 Gbit/s with four-wave mixing in a 6 mm long SOI slot waveguide, on which an organic highly chi((3))-nonlinear material was deposited with a molecular beam.},
  author       = {Freude, W and Brosi, J-M and Koos, C and Vorreau, P and Andreani, LC and Dumon, Pieter and Baets, Roel and Esembeson, B and Biaggio, I and Michinobu, T and Diederich, F and Leuthold, J},
  booktitle    = {ICTON 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF 2008 10TH ANNIVERSARY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS},
  editor       = {Marciniak, M},
  isbn         = {978-1-4244-2625-6},
  keywords     = {Kerr effect,photonic crystal waveguides,electro-optic effect,silicon photonics,optical nonlinearities in organic materials,modulators,all-optical signal processing,WAVE-GUIDES,MODULATOR},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Athens, Greece},
  pages        = {84--87},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices for nonlinear optical signal processing},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2008},
}

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