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Structurele genderongelijkheid en genderverschillen in het lezen van boeken en het bijwonen van sportevenementen: een feminiene en een masculiene culturele praktijk in de Europese context

Susan Lagaert (UGent) and Henk Roose (UGent)
Author
Organization
Project
Gender inequality and cultural consumption: a macro-sociological, longitudinal and cross-national comparative perspective (FWO)
Abstract
Cultural consumption research indicates that gender is actively produced or ‘done’ through leisure activities, such as book reading and active sport spectatorship, which are respectively a feminine and a masculine cultural practice associated with feminine and masculine attributes. We argue that gender gaps may be more pronounced in some contexts than others, depending on the (un)equal position women and men have in the society in which one does one’s gender. Thus, rather than only looking at attributes of the individual, we contribute to the existing research by incorporating characteristics of the context in order to understand gender inequalities in leisure-time activities. Using multilevel analyses on Eurobarometer 67.1 data (2007) and the Gender Equality Index as macro-level indicator, we relate the structural position of women in European societies to gender gaps in book reading and sport event attendance. Moreover, we explore the impact of different dimensions of gender (in)equality, namely work, money, knowledge, power and care. Our results indicate that European women are more likely to read books than men but less likely to attend sport events. For both practices, women are more likely to participate in countries with high levels of macro-level equality, meaning that in gender equal contexts the gender gap in sport spectatorship is smaller, but gender differences in book reading are larger. Thus, we find that -even when women and men have more equal positions in society- they do not necessarily participate more equally, which goes against intuitive assumptions about macro-level gender equality. Work-related, care-related and knowledge-related structural (in)equalities explain cross-country variation in the gender differences for both practices.
Keywords
multilevel analysis, cultural practices, gender

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Lagaert, Susan, and Henk Roose. “Structurele Genderongelijkheid En Genderverschillen in Het Lezen Van Boeken En Het Bijwonen Van Sportevenementen: Een Feminiene En Een Masculiene Culturele Praktijk in De Europese Context.” Dag Van De Sociologie, Abstracts. 2015. Print.
APA
Lagaert, S., & Roose, H. (2015). Structurele genderongelijkheid en genderverschillen in het lezen van boeken en het bijwonen van sportevenementen: een feminiene en een masculiene culturele praktijk in de Europese context. Dag van de Sociologie, Abstracts. Presented at the Dag van de Sociologie.
Chicago author-date
Lagaert, Susan, and Henk Roose. 2015. “Structurele Genderongelijkheid En Genderverschillen in Het Lezen Van Boeken En Het Bijwonen Van Sportevenementen: Een Feminiene En Een Masculiene Culturele Praktijk in De Europese Context.” In Dag Van De Sociologie, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lagaert, Susan, and Henk Roose. 2015. “Structurele Genderongelijkheid En Genderverschillen in Het Lezen Van Boeken En Het Bijwonen Van Sportevenementen: Een Feminiene En Een Masculiene Culturele Praktijk in De Europese Context.” In Dag Van De Sociologie, Abstracts.
Vancouver
1.
Lagaert S, Roose H. Structurele genderongelijkheid en genderverschillen in het lezen van boeken en het bijwonen van sportevenementen: een feminiene en een masculiene culturele praktijk in de Europese context. Dag van de Sociologie, Abstracts. 2015.
IEEE
[1]
S. Lagaert and H. Roose, “Structurele genderongelijkheid en genderverschillen in het lezen van boeken en het bijwonen van sportevenementen: een feminiene en een masculiene culturele praktijk in de Europese context,” in Dag van de Sociologie, Abstracts, Amsterdam, 2015.
@inproceedings{5990725,
  abstract     = {Cultural consumption research indicates that gender is actively produced or ‘done’ through leisure activities, such as book reading and active sport spectatorship, which are respectively a feminine and a masculine cultural practice associated with feminine and masculine attributes. We argue that gender gaps may be more pronounced in some contexts than others, depending on the (un)equal position women and men have in the society in which one does one’s gender. Thus, rather than only looking at attributes of the individual, we contribute to the existing research by incorporating characteristics of the context in order to understand gender inequalities in leisure-time activities. Using multilevel analyses on Eurobarometer 67.1 data (2007) and the Gender Equality Index as macro-level indicator, we relate the structural position of women in European societies to gender gaps in book reading and sport event attendance. Moreover, we explore the impact of different dimensions of gender (in)equality, namely work, money, knowledge, power and care. Our results indicate that European women are more likely to read books than men but less likely to attend sport events. For both practices, women are more likely to participate in countries with high levels of macro-level equality, meaning that in gender equal contexts the gender gap in sport spectatorship is smaller, but gender differences in book reading are larger. Thus, we find that -even when women and men have more equal positions in society- they do not necessarily participate more equally, which goes against intuitive assumptions about macro-level gender equality. Work-related, care-related and knowledge-related structural (in)equalities explain cross-country variation in the gender differences for both practices.},
  author       = {Lagaert, Susan and Roose, Henk},
  booktitle    = {Dag van de Sociologie, Abstracts},
  keywords     = {multilevel analysis,cultural practices,gender},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Amsterdam},
  title        = {Structurele genderongelijkheid en genderverschillen in het lezen van boeken en het bijwonen van sportevenementen: een feminiene en een masculiene culturele praktijk in de Europese context},
  year         = {2015},
}