Advanced search
1 file | 259.75 KB

A review of the use of pictograms for communicating pesticide hazards and safety instructions: implications for EU policy

Author
Organization
Abstract
The literature was reviewed to assess the understanding and interpretation of pictograms used in pesticide exposure risk communication, and to assess the results in the context of the new European Union (EU) regulatory context for the sustainable use of pesticides. The results indicate that the understanding of pictograms used on pesticide labels by workers and operators is generally low. Standardized approaches, contrary to their claims, are not easily understandable, culturally neutral, or universally understood. Although there is scope for the greater use of pictograms in training, it is important to stress that they should never replace the full and frequent verbal training in a language understood by the trainee. They can, however, be used to complement training, facilitate recall, and encourage compliance. While the policy affecting the handling, labeling, and use of pesticides is applied across the EU, there has been no analysis of the different types of pictograms that have been used in the European context, nor the different ways that they are employed (e.g., on labels, on signs, during training), nor understanding of their meaning by European workers and operators. Furthermore, the implications for risk with residents and bystanders are less clear than for workers and operators.
Keywords
HEALTH, ATTITUDES, FARMERS, WORKERS, CANCER, COMPREHENSION, LABELS, RISK, risk communication, pesticide, EXPOSURE, agriculture, sustainable use directive, pictogram

Downloads

    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 259.75 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Emery, SB, A Hart, C Butler-Ellis, MG Gerritsen-Ebben, K Machera, Pieter Spanoghe, and LJ Frewer. 2015. “A Review of the Use of Pictograms for Communicating Pesticide Hazards and Safety Instructions: Implications for EU Policy.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 21 (4): 1062–1080.
APA
Emery, S., Hart, A., Butler-Ellis, C., Gerritsen-Ebben, M., Machera, K., Spanoghe, P., & Frewer, L. (2015). A review of the use of pictograms for communicating pesticide hazards and safety instructions: implications for EU policy. HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT, 21(4), 1062–1080.
Vancouver
1.
Emery S, Hart A, Butler-Ellis C, Gerritsen-Ebben M, Machera K, Spanoghe P, et al. A review of the use of pictograms for communicating pesticide hazards and safety instructions: implications for EU policy. HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT. 2015;21(4):1062–80.
MLA
Emery, SB, A Hart, C Butler-Ellis, et al. “A Review of the Use of Pictograms for Communicating Pesticide Hazards and Safety Instructions: Implications for EU Policy.” HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT 21.4 (2015): 1062–1080. Print.
@article{5986228,
  abstract     = {The literature was reviewed to assess the understanding and interpretation of pictograms used in pesticide exposure risk communication, and to assess the results in the context of the new European Union (EU) regulatory context for the sustainable use of pesticides. The results indicate that the understanding of pictograms used on pesticide labels by workers and operators is generally low. Standardized approaches, contrary to their claims, are not easily understandable, culturally neutral, or universally understood. Although there is scope for the greater use of pictograms in training, it is important to stress that they should never replace the full and frequent verbal training in a language understood by the trainee. They can, however, be used to complement training, facilitate recall, and encourage compliance. While the policy affecting the handling, labeling, and use of pesticides is applied across the EU, there has been no analysis of the different types of pictograms that have been used in the European context, nor the different ways that they are employed (e.g., on labels, on signs, during training), nor understanding of their meaning by European workers and operators. Furthermore, the implications for risk with residents and bystanders are less clear than for workers and operators.},
  author       = {Emery, SB and Hart, A and Butler-Ellis, C and Gerritsen-Ebben, MG and Machera, K and Spanoghe, Pieter and Frewer, LJ},
  issn         = {1080-7039},
  journal      = {HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT},
  keyword      = {HEALTH,ATTITUDES,FARMERS,WORKERS,CANCER,COMPREHENSION,LABELS,RISK,risk communication,pesticide,EXPOSURE,agriculture,sustainable use directive,pictogram},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1062--1080},
  title        = {A review of the use of pictograms for communicating pesticide hazards and safety instructions: implications for EU policy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2014.953894},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2015},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: