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Surgical repair of a congenital sternal cleft in a cat

(2014) VETERINARY SURGERY. 43(5). p.623-629
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Abstract
Objective: To describe the clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment of an incomplete cleft of the 5th-8th sternebra and a cranioventral abdominal wall hernia in a 2 month old Ragdoll kitten and to evaluate the short-and long-term outcome. Study Design: Clinical report. Animals: Ragdoll cat (n = 1), 2 months old. Methods: Sternal cleft was confirmed by thoracic radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) was used to plan an optimal surgical approach. A ventral median incision was made, starting at the 3rd sternebra and extended into the abdomen. Ostectomy of the proximal part of the 5th left sternebra was performed. Lateral periosteal flaps were created, unfolded, and absorbable monofilament sutures preplaced to facilitate closure and the repair was reinforced by 2 peristernal sutures. A bone graft was applied, and the free margin of the omentum was sutured to the cranial aspect of the wound. Results: No major complications occurred. At 3 weeks, CT scan confirmed approximation of the hemisternebrae and at 10 months, complete fusion of the hemisternebrae had not occurred, but a strong connection of the sternal bars was present. Conclusion: Sternal cleft is a rare congenital abnormality that can be corrected surgically with favorable outcome.
Keywords
SCHISTOSOMA REFLEXUM, MEDIAN STERNOTOMY, BIFID STERNUM, DEFECTS, RECONSTRUCTION, CLOSURE, DOG

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Schwarzkopf, Ilona et al. “Surgical Repair of a Congenital Sternal Cleft in a Cat.” VETERINARY SURGERY 43.5 (2014): 623–629. Print.
APA
Schwarzkopf, I., Bavegems, V., Vandekerckhove, P. M., Melis, S., Cornillie, P., & De Rooster, H. (2014). Surgical repair of a congenital sternal cleft in a cat. VETERINARY SURGERY, 43(5), 623–629.
Chicago author-date
Schwarzkopf, Ilona, Valérie Bavegems, Peter MFP Vandekerckhove, Sanne Melis, Pieter Cornillie, and Hilde De Rooster. 2014. “Surgical Repair of a Congenital Sternal Cleft in a Cat.” Veterinary Surgery 43 (5): 623–629.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schwarzkopf, Ilona, Valérie Bavegems, Peter MFP Vandekerckhove, Sanne Melis, Pieter Cornillie, and Hilde De Rooster. 2014. “Surgical Repair of a Congenital Sternal Cleft in a Cat.” Veterinary Surgery 43 (5): 623–629.
Vancouver
1.
Schwarzkopf I, Bavegems V, Vandekerckhove PM, Melis S, Cornillie P, De Rooster H. Surgical repair of a congenital sternal cleft in a cat. VETERINARY SURGERY. 2014;43(5):623–9.
IEEE
[1]
I. Schwarzkopf, V. Bavegems, P. M. Vandekerckhove, S. Melis, P. Cornillie, and H. De Rooster, “Surgical repair of a congenital sternal cleft in a cat,” VETERINARY SURGERY, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 623–629, 2014.
@article{5984378,
  abstract     = {Objective: To describe the clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment of an incomplete cleft of the 5th-8th sternebra and a cranioventral abdominal wall hernia in a 2 month old Ragdoll kitten and to evaluate the short-and long-term outcome. 
Study Design: Clinical report. 
Animals: Ragdoll cat (n = 1), 2 months old. 
Methods: Sternal cleft was confirmed by thoracic radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) was used to plan an optimal surgical approach. A ventral median incision was made, starting at the 3rd sternebra and extended into the abdomen. Ostectomy of the proximal part of the 5th left sternebra was performed. Lateral periosteal flaps were created, unfolded, and absorbable monofilament sutures preplaced to facilitate closure and the repair was reinforced by 2 peristernal sutures. A bone graft was applied, and the free margin of the omentum was sutured to the cranial aspect of the wound. 
Results: No major complications occurred. At 3 weeks, CT scan confirmed approximation of the hemisternebrae and at 10 months, complete fusion of the hemisternebrae had not occurred, but a strong connection of the sternal bars was present. 
Conclusion: Sternal cleft is a rare congenital abnormality that can be corrected surgically with favorable outcome.},
  author       = {Schwarzkopf, Ilona and Bavegems, Valérie and Vandekerckhove, Peter MFP and Melis, Sanne and Cornillie, Pieter and De Rooster, Hilde},
  issn         = {0161-3499},
  journal      = {VETERINARY SURGERY},
  keywords     = {SCHISTOSOMA REFLEXUM,MEDIAN STERNOTOMY,BIFID STERNUM,DEFECTS,RECONSTRUCTION,CLOSURE,DOG},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {623--629},
  title        = {Surgical repair of a congenital sternal cleft in a cat},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12226.x},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2014},
}

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