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From normative influence to social pressure: how relevant others affect whether bystanders join in cyberbullying

(2016) SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. 25(1). p.193-211
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Abstract
As cyberbullying is a phenomenon that is inherently social, the normative social influence of significant others can play an important role in the behaviour of adolescents involved in cyberbullying incidents. Using data from 525 adolescent bystanders of cyberbullying, we created a path model in order to investigate whether injunctive and descriptive norms of certain reference groups can cause bystanders to experience social pressure and join in cyberbullying. The results showed that social pressure fully mediated the relationship between the injunctive norm of friends approving of cyberbullying and joining in cyberbullying as a bystander. Furthermore, both the injunctive norm of parents approving of cyberbullying and bystanders' involvement in cyberbullying perpetration were related to joining in cyberbullying as a bystander.
Keywords
bystander, cyberbullying, social norm, social pressure, HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS, PLANNED BEHAVIOR, PEER PRESSURE, DESIRABILITY SCALE, HEALTH-PROMOTION, COGNITIVE THEORY, BULLY-VICTIMS, RISK-FACTORS, FOCUS THEORY, GROUP NORMS

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Chicago
Bastiaensens, Sara, Sara Pabian, Heidi Vandebosch, Karolien Poels, Katrien Van Cleemput, Ann DeSmet, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2016. “From Normative Influence to Social Pressure: How Relevant Others Affect Whether Bystanders Join in Cyberbullying.” Social Development 25 (1): 193–211.
APA
Bastiaensens, S., Pabian, S., Vandebosch, H., Poels, K., Van Cleemput, K., DeSmet, A., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2016). From normative influence to social pressure: how relevant others affect whether bystanders join in cyberbullying. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, 25(1), 193–211.
Vancouver
1.
Bastiaensens S, Pabian S, Vandebosch H, Poels K, Van Cleemput K, DeSmet A, et al. From normative influence to social pressure: how relevant others affect whether bystanders join in cyberbullying. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. 2016;25(1):193–211.
MLA
Bastiaensens, Sara, Sara Pabian, Heidi Vandebosch, et al. “From Normative Influence to Social Pressure: How Relevant Others Affect Whether Bystanders Join in Cyberbullying.” SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT 25.1 (2016): 193–211. Print.
@article{5972470,
  abstract     = {As cyberbullying is a phenomenon that is inherently social, the normative social influence of significant others can play an important role in the behaviour of adolescents involved in cyberbullying incidents. Using data from 525 adolescent bystanders of cyberbullying, we created a path model in order to investigate whether injunctive and descriptive norms of certain reference groups can cause bystanders to experience social pressure and join in cyberbullying. The results showed that social pressure fully mediated the relationship between the injunctive norm of friends approving of cyberbullying and joining in cyberbullying as a bystander. Furthermore, both the injunctive norm of parents approving of cyberbullying and bystanders' involvement in cyberbullying perpetration were related to joining in cyberbullying as a bystander.},
  author       = {Bastiaensens, Sara and Pabian, Sara and Vandebosch, Heidi and Poels, Karolien and Van Cleemput, Katrien and DeSmet, Ann and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {0961-205X},
  journal      = {SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {bystander,cyberbullying,social norm,social pressure,HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS,PLANNED BEHAVIOR,PEER PRESSURE,DESIRABILITY SCALE,HEALTH-PROMOTION,COGNITIVE THEORY,BULLY-VICTIMS,RISK-FACTORS,FOCUS THEORY,GROUP NORMS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {193--211},
  title        = {From normative influence to social pressure: how relevant others affect whether bystanders join in cyberbullying},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sode.12134},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2016},
}

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