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Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of Central Cambodia

(2015) KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY. 53(2). p.197-200
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Abstract
The prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infection in buffalo and cattle calves was studied in 3 provinces in central Cambodia. Fecal samples were collected from 517 calves between the age of 1-15 weeks and processed for nematode egg counts by a modified McMaster method. A total of 64 calves were found to excrete T. vitulorum eggs in their feces (12.4%; 95% exact CI: 9.7-15.5). The mean fecal egg count was 2,798 EPG (SD=16,351; range=0-224,400). A multivariable generalized linear mixed model showed higher odds of T. vitulorum infection for buffalo versus cattle, for animals aged 4-8 weeks versus younger and older ones, and for animals with strongyle infection. There was no association with fecal consistency. Farmers should be aware of the potential impact of T. vitulorum, and treat their calves at the age of 2-3 weeks with anthelmintics such as benzimidazoles or pyrantel.
Keywords
buffalo, prevalence, Toxocara vitulorum, cattle, risk factor, Cambodia, BUBALUS-BUBALIS, HEALTH

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MLA
Dorny, Pierre et al. “Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxocara Vitulorum Infections in Buffalo and Cattle Calves in Three Provinces of Central Cambodia.” KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY 53.2 (2015): 197–200. Print.
APA
Dorny, P., Devleesschauwer, B., Stoliaroff-Pépin, V., Sothy, M., Chea, R., Chea, B., Sourloing, H., et al. (2015). Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of Central Cambodia. KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, 53(2), 197–200.
Chicago author-date
Dorny, Pierre, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Valérie Stoliaroff-Pépin, Meas Sothy, Rortana Chea, Bunthon Chea, Hor Sourloing, et al. 2015. “Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxocara Vitulorum Infections in Buffalo and Cattle Calves in Three Provinces of Central Cambodia.” Korean Journal of Parasitology 53 (2): 197–200.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dorny, Pierre, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Valérie Stoliaroff-Pépin, Meas Sothy, Rortana Chea, Bunthon Chea, Hor Sourloing, Sum Samuth, Seth Kong, Koemseang Nguong, San Sorn, Davun Holl, and Jozef Vercruysse. 2015. “Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxocara Vitulorum Infections in Buffalo and Cattle Calves in Three Provinces of Central Cambodia.” Korean Journal of Parasitology 53 (2): 197–200.
Vancouver
1.
Dorny P, Devleesschauwer B, Stoliaroff-Pépin V, Sothy M, Chea R, Chea B, et al. Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of Central Cambodia. KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY. 2015;53(2):197–200.
IEEE
[1]
P. Dorny et al., “Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of Central Cambodia,” KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 197–200, 2015.
@article{5968841,
  abstract     = {The prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infection in buffalo and cattle calves was studied in 3 provinces in central Cambodia. Fecal samples were collected from 517 calves between the age of 1-15 weeks and processed for nematode egg counts by a modified McMaster method. A total of 64 calves were found to excrete T. vitulorum eggs in their feces (12.4%; 95% exact CI: 9.7-15.5). The mean fecal egg count was 2,798 EPG (SD=16,351; range=0-224,400). A multivariable generalized linear mixed model showed higher odds of T. vitulorum infection for buffalo versus cattle, for animals aged 4-8 weeks versus younger and older ones, and for animals with strongyle infection. There was no association with fecal consistency. Farmers should be aware of the potential impact of T. vitulorum, and treat their calves at the age of 2-3 weeks with anthelmintics such as benzimidazoles or pyrantel.},
  author       = {Dorny, Pierre and Devleesschauwer, Brecht and Stoliaroff-Pépin, Valérie and Sothy, Meas and Chea, Rortana and Chea, Bunthon and Sourloing, Hor and Samuth, Sum and Kong, Seth and Nguong, Koemseang and Sorn, San and Holl, Davun and Vercruysse, Jozef},
  issn         = {0023-4001},
  journal      = {KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY},
  keywords     = {buffalo,prevalence,Toxocara vitulorum,cattle,risk factor,Cambodia,BUBALUS-BUBALIS,HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {197--200},
  title        = {Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara vitulorum infections in buffalo and cattle calves in three provinces of Central Cambodia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2015.53.2.197},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2015},
}

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