Advanced search
1 file | 854.78 KB

Fermented liquid feed for weaned piglets : impact of sedimentation in the feed slurry on performance and gut parameters

Joris Missotten (UGent) , Joris Michiels (UGent) , Anneke Ovyn (UGent) , Stefaan De Smet (UGent) and Noël Dierick (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
In two experiments with weaned piglets, the effects of fermented liquid feed (FLF) (produced with probiotic strain Pediococcus acidilactici, Bactocell®, Lallemand S.A.S.) on performance and some bacteriological and morpho-histological parameters of the gut were investigated, and the impact of sedimentation of the solids in the FLF thereon. In experiment I, FLF or the same dry feed (DRY) was offered ad libitum for 28 days to two groups of 15 weaned piglets (28 days of age) each (3 replicates of 5 pigs). Performance was negatively affected by feeding FLF and concomitant with that the group fed the FLF diet showed shorter villi (501 vs 550 μm) and smaller crypts (264 vs 289 μm) in the small intestine at 3 m proximal to the caecum (P < 0.05). It was assumed that these poorer results were due to sedimentation of the solids in the FLF and therefore a second experiment was conducted with sepiolite (10 g/kg) added to the feeds. Sepiolite tends to slow down the segregation of particles in slurry. The three feeding groups (weaned piglets, 27 days of age) in this experiment were DRY, DRY with probiotic (DRY+), and FLF. The group fed FLF (body weight gain (BWG) 254 g/piglet day; feed : gain ratio 1.38) did now perform better (P < 0.05) than the groups fed the DRY (BWG 184 g/piglet/day; feed : gain ratio 1.52) and DRY+ (BWG 185 g/piglet/day; feed : gain ratio 1.48) diets, which did not differ. Villus length in the small intestine at 3 m proximal to the caecum was also higher for the group fed FLF (558 μm) compared with the group fed the DRY+ diet (490 μm; P < 0.05). It was concluded that feeding FLF is beneficial to freshly weaned piglets on condition that sedimentation of the solids in the feed slurry can be controlled.
Keywords
LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA, performance, gut flora, sepiolite, pig, probiotic, gut morpho-histology, wet feed, SMALL-INTESTINE, PIGS, DIETS, POPULATION, ECOLOGY, WATER

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 854.78 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Missotten, Joris, Joris Michiels, Anneke Ovyn, Stefaan De Smet, and Noël Dierick. 2015. “Fermented Liquid Feed for Weaned Piglets : Impact of Sedimentation in the Feed Slurry on Performance and Gut Parameters.” Czech Journal of Animal Science 60 (5): 195–207.
APA
Missotten, J., Michiels, J., Ovyn, A., De Smet, S., & Dierick, N. (2015). Fermented liquid feed for weaned piglets : impact of sedimentation in the feed slurry on performance and gut parameters. CZECH JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 60(5), 195–207.
Vancouver
1.
Missotten J, Michiels J, Ovyn A, De Smet S, Dierick N. Fermented liquid feed for weaned piglets : impact of sedimentation in the feed slurry on performance and gut parameters. CZECH JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 2015;60(5):195–207.
MLA
Missotten, Joris, Joris Michiels, Anneke Ovyn, et al. “Fermented Liquid Feed for Weaned Piglets : Impact of Sedimentation in the Feed Slurry on Performance and Gut Parameters.” CZECH JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 60.5 (2015): 195–207. Print.
@article{5962782,
  abstract     = {In two experiments with weaned piglets, the effects of fermented liquid feed (FLF) (produced with probiotic strain Pediococcus acidilactici, Bactocell{\textregistered}, Lallemand S.A.S.) on performance and some bacteriological and morpho-histological parameters of the gut were investigated, and the impact of sedimentation of the solids in the FLF thereon. In experiment I, FLF or the same dry feed (DRY) was offered ad libitum for 28 days to two groups of 15 weaned piglets (28 days of age) each (3 replicates of 5 pigs). Performance was negatively affected by feeding FLF and concomitant with that the group fed the FLF diet showed shorter villi (501 vs 550 \ensuremath{\mu}m) and smaller crypts (264 vs 289 \ensuremath{\mu}m) in the small intestine at 3 m proximal to the caecum (P {\textlangle} 0.05).
It was assumed that these poorer results were due to sedimentation of the solids in the FLF and therefore a second experiment was conducted with sepiolite (10 g/kg) added to the feeds. Sepiolite tends to slow down the segregation of particles in slurry. The three feeding groups (weaned piglets, 27 days of age) in this experiment were DRY, DRY with probiotic (DRY+), and FLF. The group fed FLF (body weight gain (BWG) 254 g/piglet day; feed : gain ratio 1.38) did now perform better (P {\textlangle} 0.05) than the groups fed the DRY (BWG 184 g/piglet/day; feed : gain ratio 1.52) and DRY+ (BWG 185 g/piglet/day; feed : gain ratio 1.48) diets, which did not differ. Villus length in the small intestine at 3 m proximal to the caecum was also higher for the group fed FLF (558 \ensuremath{\mu}m) compared with the group fed the DRY+ diet (490 \ensuremath{\mu}m; P {\textlangle} 0.05). It was concluded that feeding FLF is beneficial to freshly weaned piglets on condition that sedimentation of the solids in the feed slurry can be controlled.},
  author       = {Missotten, Joris and Michiels, Joris and Ovyn, Anneke and De Smet, Stefaan and Dierick, No{\"e}l},
  issn         = {1212-1819},
  journal      = {CZECH JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA,performance,gut flora,sepiolite,pig,probiotic,gut morpho-histology,wet feed,SMALL-INTESTINE,PIGS,DIETS,POPULATION,ECOLOGY,WATER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {195--207},
  title        = {Fermented liquid feed for weaned piglets : impact of sedimentation in the feed slurry on performance and gut parameters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17221/8169-CJAS},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2015},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: