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Audiometric, surgical, and genetic findings in 15 ears of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta

Freya Swinnen (UGent) , Els De Leenheer (UGent) , Paul Coucke (UGent) , Cor WRJ Cremers and Ingeborg Dhooge (UGent)
(2009) LARYNGOSCOPE. 119(6). p.1171-1179
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Organization
Abstract
Objectives/Hypothesis: To provide data on the outcome of stapes surgery in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). The audiometric results of 15 ears (12 patients), in which a stapes operation was performed, are presented and compared with results from literature. Study Design: Retrospective study. Methods: In 12 patients with genetically confirmed OI, intraoperative findings and audiometric evaluations were recorded. Results: In all patients the genetic mutation was located in the COL1A1 gene. Surgical findings in OI may be particular like mobile, atrophic stapes crura combined with a fixation of the stapes footplate, which may be thickened, and a hypervascularized or thickened middle-ear mucosa. Outcome for hearing in 13 primary surgered ears was good because at short-term follow-up the air-bone gap was reduced in all cases. These results were maintained in the long-term, with exception of one ear, in which progression of the sensorineural component occurred shortly after the operation. Although initial success was noted in two ears with revision surgery, in the long term this was only maintained in one of them. Conclusions: In general, stapes surgery is successful in resolving the conductive hearing loss in OI patients, even in the long term. Hearing loss in OI is mostly of the mixed type, and the sensorineural component is reported to be progressive. Stapedotomy, by improving the hearing level, may facilitate the rehabilitation with a hearing aid. Because the identified mutation could be located in the COL1A1 gene in all patients, conductive hearing loss in OI caused by stapes fixation is possibly linked to a mutation in this gene.
Keywords
COL1A1, stapedotomy, STAPES SURGERY, HEARING-LOSS, I COLLAGEN, OTOSCLEROSIS, STAPEDOTOMY, TERM, HETEROGENEITY, STAPEDECTOMY, Stapes surgery, genetics, osteogenesis imperfecta (OI)

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Swinnen, Freya et al. “Audiometric, Surgical, and Genetic Findings in 15 Ears of Patients with Osteogenesis Imperfecta.” LARYNGOSCOPE 119.6 (2009): 1171–1179. Print.
APA
Swinnen, F., De Leenheer, E., Coucke, P., Cremers, C. W., & Dhooge, I. (2009). Audiometric, surgical, and genetic findings in 15 ears of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. LARYNGOSCOPE, 119(6), 1171–1179. Presented at the 10th International conference on Osteogenesis Imperfecta.
Chicago author-date
Swinnen, Freya, Els De Leenheer, Paul Coucke, Cor WRJ Cremers, and Ingeborg Dhooge. 2009. “Audiometric, Surgical, and Genetic Findings in 15 Ears of Patients with Osteogenesis Imperfecta.” Laryngoscope 119 (6): 1171–1179.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Swinnen, Freya, Els De Leenheer, Paul Coucke, Cor WRJ Cremers, and Ingeborg Dhooge. 2009. “Audiometric, Surgical, and Genetic Findings in 15 Ears of Patients with Osteogenesis Imperfecta.” Laryngoscope 119 (6): 1171–1179.
Vancouver
1.
Swinnen F, De Leenheer E, Coucke P, Cremers CW, Dhooge I. Audiometric, surgical, and genetic findings in 15 ears of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. LARYNGOSCOPE. 2009;119(6):1171–9.
IEEE
[1]
F. Swinnen, E. De Leenheer, P. Coucke, C. W. Cremers, and I. Dhooge, “Audiometric, surgical, and genetic findings in 15 ears of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta,” LARYNGOSCOPE, vol. 119, no. 6, pp. 1171–1179, 2009.
@article{595186,
  abstract     = {Objectives/Hypothesis: To provide data on the outcome of stapes surgery in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). The audiometric results of 15 ears (12 patients), in which a stapes operation was performed, are presented and compared with results from literature. 
Study Design: Retrospective study. 
Methods: In 12 patients with genetically confirmed OI, intraoperative findings and audiometric evaluations were recorded. 
Results: In all patients the genetic mutation was located in the COL1A1 gene. Surgical findings in OI may be particular like mobile, atrophic stapes crura combined with a fixation of the stapes footplate, which may be thickened, and a hypervascularized or thickened middle-ear mucosa. Outcome for hearing in 13 primary surgered ears was good because at short-term follow-up the air-bone gap was reduced in all cases. These results were maintained in the long-term, with exception of one ear, in which progression of the sensorineural component occurred shortly after the operation. Although initial success was noted in two ears with revision surgery, in the long term this was only maintained in one of them. 
Conclusions: In general, stapes surgery is successful in resolving the conductive hearing loss in OI patients, even in the long term. Hearing loss in OI is mostly of the mixed type, and the sensorineural component is reported to be progressive. Stapedotomy, by improving the hearing level, may facilitate the rehabilitation with a hearing aid. Because the identified mutation could be located in the COL1A1 gene in all patients, conductive hearing loss in OI caused by stapes fixation is possibly linked to a mutation in this gene.},
  author       = {Swinnen, Freya and De Leenheer, Els and Coucke, Paul and Cremers, Cor WRJ and Dhooge, Ingeborg},
  issn         = {0023-852X},
  journal      = {LARYNGOSCOPE},
  keywords     = {COL1A1,stapedotomy,STAPES SURGERY,HEARING-LOSS,I COLLAGEN,OTOSCLEROSIS,STAPEDOTOMY,TERM,HETEROGENEITY,STAPEDECTOMY,Stapes surgery,genetics,osteogenesis imperfecta (OI)},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1171--1179},
  title        = {Audiometric, surgical, and genetic findings in 15 ears of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.20155},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2009},
}

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