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Alignment strategies for the entrainment of music and movement rhythms

Bart Moens UGent and Marc Leman UGent (2015) Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1337. p.86-93
abstract
Theories of entrainment assume that spontaneous entrainment emerges from dynamic laws that operate via mediators on interactions, whereby entrainment is facilitated if certain conditions are fulfilled. In this study, we show that mediators can be built that affect the entrainment of human locomotion to music. More specifically, we built D-Jogger, a music player that functions as a mediator between music and locomotion rhythms. The D-Jogger makes it possible to manipulate the timing differences between salient moments of the rhythms (beats and footfalls) through the manipulation of the musical period and phase, which affect the condition in which entrainment functions. We conducted several experiments to explore different strategies for manipulating the entrainment of locomotion and music. The results of these experiments showed that spontaneous entrainment can be manipulated, thereby suggesting different strategies on how to embark. The findings furthermore suggest a distinction among different modalities of entrainment: finding the beat (the most difficult part of entrainment), keeping the beat (easier, as a temporal scheme has been established), and being in phase (no entrainment is needed because the music is always adapted to the human rhythm). This study points to a new avenue of research on entrainment and opens new perspectives for the neuroscience of music.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SYSTEM, entrainment, synchronization, music, walking, D-Jogger, PERFORMANCE, PHASE-TRANSITIONS, SYNCHRONOUS MUSIC, IPEMentrainment
journal title
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
editor
Douglas Braaten
volume
1337
issue title
NEUROSCIENCES AND MUSIC V: COGNITIVE STIMULATION AND REHABILITATION
pages
86 - 93
publisher
New York Academy of Sciences, Highwire, Wiley
place of publication
New Yorl
conference name
Conference on Neurosciences and Music V
conference location
Dijon, France
conference start
2014-05-29
conference end
2014-05-01
Web of Science type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Web of Science id
000351580900013
JCR category
MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
4.518 (2015)
JCR rank
8/63 (2015)
JCR quartile
1 (2015)
ISSN
0077-8923
DOI
10.1111/nyas.12647
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
5949918
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5949918
date created
2015-05-06 09:18:17
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:53:51
@article{5949918,
  abstract     = {Theories of entrainment assume that spontaneous entrainment emerges from dynamic laws that operate via mediators on interactions, whereby entrainment is facilitated if certain conditions are fulfilled. In this study, we show that mediators can be built that affect the entrainment of human locomotion to music. More specifically, we built D-Jogger, a music player that functions as a mediator between music and locomotion rhythms. The D-Jogger makes it possible to manipulate the timing differences between salient moments of the rhythms (beats and footfalls) through the manipulation of the musical period and phase, which affect the condition in which entrainment functions. We conducted several experiments to explore different strategies for manipulating the entrainment of locomotion and music. The results of these experiments showed that spontaneous entrainment can be manipulated, thereby suggesting different strategies on how to embark. The findings furthermore suggest a distinction among different modalities of entrainment: finding the beat (the most difficult part of entrainment), keeping the beat (easier, as a temporal scheme has been established), and being in phase (no entrainment is needed because the music is always adapted to the human rhythm). This study points to a new avenue of research on entrainment and opens new perspectives for the neuroscience of music.},
  author       = {Moens, Bart and Leman, Marc},
  editor       = {Braaten, Douglas },
  issn         = {0077-8923},
  journal      = {Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  keyword      = {SYSTEM,entrainment,synchronization,music,walking,D-Jogger,PERFORMANCE,PHASE-TRANSITIONS,SYNCHRONOUS MUSIC,IPEMentrainment},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Dijon, France},
  pages        = {86--93},
  publisher    = {New York Academy of Sciences, Highwire, Wiley},
  title        = {Alignment strategies for the entrainment of music and movement rhythms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12647},
  volume       = {1337},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Moens, Bart, and Marc Leman. 2015. “Alignment Strategies for the Entrainment of Music and Movement Rhythms.” Ed. Douglas Braaten. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1337: 86–93.
APA
Moens, B., & Leman, M. (2015). Alignment strategies for the entrainment of music and movement rhythms. (D. Braaten, Ed.)Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1337, 86–93. Presented at the Conference on Neurosciences and Music V.
Vancouver
1.
Moens B, Leman M. Alignment strategies for the entrainment of music and movement rhythms. Braaten D, editor. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. New Yorl: New York Academy of Sciences, Highwire, Wiley; 2015;1337:86–93.
MLA
Moens, Bart, and Marc Leman. “Alignment Strategies for the Entrainment of Music and Movement Rhythms.” Ed. Douglas Braaten. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1337 (2015): 86–93. Print.