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Bee, wasp and ant venomics pave the way for a component-resolved diagnosis of sting allergy

Dirk de Graaf (UGent) , Maarten Aerts (UGent) , Ellen Danneels (UGent) and Bart Devreese (UGent)
(2009) Journal of Proteomics. 72(2). p.145-154
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Abstract
With the complete sequencing of its genome, the honey bee is now a prefer-red model organism for Hymenoptera species, also with respect to venomic studies. major pitfalls in proteomic profiling are: i) highly abundant proteins masking low-copy number proteins; ii) high heterogeneity in proteomes due to isoforms, protease activity and PTMs; iii) the inability for protein function assignment. if genomic information is not available, proteins still might be identified through cross-species protein identifications or MS/MS data-based de novo sequencing techniques. Venomic approaches discovered several new proteins and peptides from honey bees, bumble bees, ants and different wasp species, and some of these constituents were proven to be of immunological significance. Further digging in the proteome/peptidome will yield more so-called "venom trace elements" with only a local function in the venom duct or reservoir or released by leakage of the gland tissue. An impressive list of recombinants venom proteins has become available from a diverse range of Hymenopterans. Protein microarray allows the determination and monitoring of allergic patients' IgE reactivity profiles to disease-causing allergens using single measurements and minute amounts of serum. The information the physician will get from such a single run will largely exceed the output from current IgE capturing tools using whole venom preparations

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MLA
de Graaf, Dirk et al. “Bee, Wasp and Ant Venomics Pave the Way for a Component-resolved Diagnosis of Sting Allergy.” Ed. Juan Calvete. Journal of Proteomics 72.2 (2009): 145–154. Print.
APA
de Graaf, D., Aerts, M., Danneels, E., & Devreese, B. (2009). Bee, wasp and ant venomics pave the way for a component-resolved diagnosis of sting allergy. (J. Calvete, Ed.)Journal of Proteomics, 72(2), 145–154.
Chicago author-date
de Graaf, Dirk, Maarten Aerts, Ellen Danneels, and Bart Devreese. 2009. “Bee, Wasp and Ant Venomics Pave the Way for a Component-resolved Diagnosis of Sting Allergy.” Ed. Juan Calvete. Journal of Proteomics 72 (2): 145–154.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
de Graaf, Dirk, Maarten Aerts, Ellen Danneels, and Bart Devreese. 2009. “Bee, Wasp and Ant Venomics Pave the Way for a Component-resolved Diagnosis of Sting Allergy.” Ed. Juan Calvete. Journal of Proteomics 72 (2): 145–154.
Vancouver
1.
de Graaf D, Aerts M, Danneels E, Devreese B. Bee, wasp and ant venomics pave the way for a component-resolved diagnosis of sting allergy. Calvete J, editor. Journal of Proteomics. 2009;72(2):145–54.
IEEE
[1]
D. de Graaf, M. Aerts, E. Danneels, and B. Devreese, “Bee, wasp and ant venomics pave the way for a component-resolved diagnosis of sting allergy,” Journal of Proteomics, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 145–154, 2009.
@article{594799,
  abstract     = {{With the complete sequencing of its genome, the honey bee is now a prefer-red model organism for Hymenoptera species, also with respect to venomic studies. major pitfalls in proteomic profiling are: i) highly abundant proteins masking low-copy number proteins; ii) high heterogeneity in proteomes due to isoforms, protease activity and PTMs; iii) the inability for protein function assignment. if genomic information is not available, proteins still might be identified through cross-species protein identifications or MS/MS data-based de novo sequencing techniques. Venomic approaches discovered several new proteins and peptides from honey bees, bumble bees, ants and different wasp species, and some of these constituents were proven to be of immunological significance. Further digging in the proteome/peptidome will yield more so-called "venom trace elements" with only a local function in the venom duct or reservoir or released by leakage of the gland tissue. An impressive list of recombinants venom proteins has become available from a diverse range of Hymenopterans. Protein microarray allows the determination and monitoring of allergic patients' IgE reactivity profiles to disease-causing allergens using single measurements and minute amounts of serum. The information the physician will get from such a single run will largely exceed the output from current IgE capturing tools using whole venom preparations}},
  author       = {{de Graaf, Dirk and Aerts, Maarten and Danneels, Ellen and Devreese, Bart}},
  editor       = {{Calvete, Juan}},
  issn         = {{1874-3919}},
  journal      = {{Journal of Proteomics}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{145--154}},
  title        = {{Bee, wasp and ant venomics pave the way for a component-resolved diagnosis of sting allergy}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2009.01.017}},
  volume       = {{72}},
  year         = {{2009}},
}

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