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Inclusion ideals and inclusion problems: Parsons and Luhmann on religion and secularization

(2015) ACTA SOCIOLOGICA. 58(2). p.173-185
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Abstract
This paper builds upon the theoretical work of Talcott Parsons and Niklas Luhmann and offers a critical reconstruction of their views on religion (Christianity) and secularization in the western world. It discusses the relation between the functional differentiation of modern society, the individualization of inclusion imperatives and the changing expectations regarding inclusion/exclusion in religious communication. From this perspective, it analyzes secularization in terms of perceived problems of inclusion in religious communication, and in terms of the reactions of Christian religions to these perceived problems. It thereby shows how the theories of Parsons and Luhmann are useful for empirical and historical research, and how they open up new perspectives for empirical and historical research.
Keywords
SOCIOLOGY, SELF-REFERENCE, SOCIETY, DIFFERENTIATION, PARADIGM, Niklas Luhmann, Talcott Parsons, inclusion, exclusion, secularization, inclusion

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MLA
Vanderstraeten, Raf. “Inclusion Ideals and Inclusion Problems: Parsons and Luhmann on Religion and Secularization.” ACTA SOCIOLOGICA 58.2 (2015): 173–185. Print.
APA
Vanderstraeten, R. (2015). Inclusion ideals and inclusion problems: Parsons and Luhmann on religion and secularization. ACTA SOCIOLOGICA, 58(2), 173–185.
Chicago author-date
Vanderstraeten, Raf. 2015. “Inclusion Ideals and Inclusion Problems: Parsons and Luhmann on Religion and Secularization.” Acta Sociologica 58 (2): 173–185.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanderstraeten, Raf. 2015. “Inclusion Ideals and Inclusion Problems: Parsons and Luhmann on Religion and Secularization.” Acta Sociologica 58 (2): 173–185.
Vancouver
1.
Vanderstraeten R. Inclusion ideals and inclusion problems: Parsons and Luhmann on religion and secularization. ACTA SOCIOLOGICA. 2015;58(2):173–85.
IEEE
[1]
R. Vanderstraeten, “Inclusion ideals and inclusion problems: Parsons and Luhmann on religion and secularization,” ACTA SOCIOLOGICA, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 173–185, 2015.
@article{5934656,
  abstract     = {This paper builds upon the theoretical work of Talcott Parsons and Niklas Luhmann and offers a critical reconstruction of their views on religion (Christianity) and secularization in the western world. It discusses the relation between the functional differentiation of modern society, the individualization of inclusion imperatives and the changing expectations regarding inclusion/exclusion in religious communication. From this perspective, it analyzes secularization in terms of perceived problems of inclusion in religious communication, and in terms of the reactions of Christian religions to these perceived problems. It thereby shows how the theories of Parsons and Luhmann are useful for empirical and historical research, and how they open up new perspectives for empirical and historical research.},
  author       = {Vanderstraeten, Raf},
  issn         = {0001-6993},
  journal      = {ACTA SOCIOLOGICA},
  keywords     = {SOCIOLOGY,SELF-REFERENCE,SOCIETY,DIFFERENTIATION,PARADIGM,Niklas Luhmann,Talcott Parsons,inclusion,exclusion,secularization,inclusion},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {173--185},
  title        = {Inclusion ideals and inclusion problems: Parsons and Luhmann on religion and secularization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0001699314565213},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2015},
}

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