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Process length variation in cysts of a dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium machaerophorum, in surface sediments: investigating its potential as salinity proxy

(2008) Marine Micropaleontology. 70(1-2). p.54-69
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Abstract
A biometrical analysis of the dinoflagellate cyst Lingulodinium machaerophorum [Deflandre, G., Cookson, I.C., 1955. Fossil microplankton from Australia late Mesozoic and Tertiary sediments. Australian journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 6: 242-313.] Wall, 1967 in 144 globally distributed surface sediment samples revealed that the average process length is related to summer salinity and temperature at a water depth of 30 m by the equation (salinity/temperature) = (0.078*average process length + 0.534) with R-2=0.69. This relationship can be used to reconstruct palaeosalinities, albeit with caution. The particular ecological window can be associated with known distributions of the corresponding motile stage Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge, 1989. Confocal laser microscopy showed that the average process length is positively related to the average distance between process bases (R-2=0.78), and negatively related to the number of processes (R-2=0.65). These results document the existence of two end members in cyst formation: one with many short, densely distributed processes and one with a few, long, widely spaced processes. which can be respectively related to low and high salinity/temperature ratios. Obstruction during formation of the Cysts Causes anomalous distributions of the processes. From a biological perspective, processes function to facilitate sinking of the cysts through clustering.

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Chicago
Mertens, Kenneth, Sofia Ribeiro, Ilham Bouimetarham, Hulya Caner, Nathalie Combourieu Nebout, Barrie Dale, Anne de Vernal, et al. 2008. “Process Length Variation in Cysts of a Dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium Machaerophorum, in Surface Sediments: Investigating Its Potential as Salinity Proxy.” Marine Micropaleontology 70 (1-2): 54–69.
APA
Mertens, Kenneth, Ribeiro, S., Bouimetarham, I., Caner, H., Combourieu Nebout, N., Dale, B., de Vernal, A., et al. (2008). Process length variation in cysts of a dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium machaerophorum, in surface sediments: investigating its potential as salinity proxy. Marine Micropaleontology, 70(1-2), 54–69.
Vancouver
1.
Mertens K, Ribeiro S, Bouimetarham I, Caner H, Combourieu Nebout N, Dale B, et al. Process length variation in cysts of a dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium machaerophorum, in surface sediments: investigating its potential as salinity proxy. Marine Micropaleontology. 2008;70(1-2):54–69.
MLA
Mertens, Kenneth, Sofia Ribeiro, Ilham Bouimetarham, et al. “Process Length Variation in Cysts of a Dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium Machaerophorum, in Surface Sediments: Investigating Its Potential as Salinity Proxy.” Marine Micropaleontology 70.1-2 (2008): 54–69. Print.
@article{592018,
  abstract     = {A biometrical analysis of the dinoflagellate cyst Lingulodinium machaerophorum [Deflandre, G., Cookson, I.C., 1955. Fossil microplankton from Australia late Mesozoic and Tertiary sediments. Australian journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 6: 242-313.] Wall, 1967 in 144 globally distributed surface sediment samples revealed that the average process length is related to summer salinity and temperature at a water depth of 30 m by the equation (salinity/temperature) = (0.078*average process length + 0.534) with R-2=0.69. This relationship can be used to reconstruct palaeosalinities, albeit with caution. The particular ecological window can be associated with known distributions of the corresponding motile stage Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge, 1989. Confocal laser microscopy showed that the average process length is positively related to the average distance between process bases (R-2=0.78), and negatively related to the number of processes (R-2=0.65). These results document the existence of two end members in cyst formation: one with many short, densely distributed processes and one with a few, long, widely spaced processes. which can be respectively related to low and high salinity/temperature ratios. Obstruction during formation of the Cysts Causes anomalous distributions of the processes. From a biological perspective, processes function to facilitate sinking of the cysts through clustering.},
  author       = {Mertens, Kenneth and Ribeiro, Sofia and Bouimetarham, Ilham and Caner, Hulya and Combourieu Nebout, Nathalie and Dale, Barrie and de Vernal, Anne and Ellegaard, Marianne and Filipova, Mariana and Godhe, Anne and Goubert, Evelyne and Grosfjeld, Kari and Holzwarth, Ulrike and Kotthoff, Ulrich and Leroy, Suzannne and Londeix, Laurent and Marret, Fabienne and Matsuoka, Kazumi and Mudie, Peta and Naudts, Lieven and Pena-Manjarrez, Jose Luis and Persson, Agneta and Popescu, Speranta-Maria and Pospelova, Vera and Sangiorgi, Francesca and van der Meer, Marcel and Vink, Annemiek and Zonneveld, Karin and Vercauteren, Dries and Vlassenbroeck, Jelle and Louwye, Stephen},
  issn         = {0377-8398},
  journal      = {Marine Micropaleontology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {54--69},
  title        = {Process length variation in cysts of a dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium machaerophorum, in surface sediments: investigating its potential as salinity proxy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.10.004},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2008},
}

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