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Droop control as an alternative inertial response strategy for the synthetic inertia on wind turbines

Jan Van de Vyver, Jeroen De Kooning UGent, Bart Meersman, Lieven Vandevelde UGent and Tine Vandoorn (2016) IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS. 31(2). p.1129-1138
abstract
In several countries, the wind power penetration increased tremendously in recent years. To ensure the proper functioning of the power system, some grid operators already require the capability to provide inertial response or primary control with wind turbines. This paper discusses the emulated inertial response with wind turbines by means of the synthetic inertia and the droop control strategy. The behavior of the synthetic inertia strategy is determined by the inertial and the droop constant, whereas droop control only has a droop constant. When these strategies are used, it is important to tune the control parameters depending on the power system the wind turbines are connected to. Simulations show that it is possible to enhance but also to deteriorate the frequency response of the system, dependent on these parameters. For different power system compositions, the optimal inertial constant is always close to zero. This way, the synthetic inertia strategy reduces to a fast droop control strategy. This is an important outcome, as it means that no differentiation of the frequency is needed to obtain an optimal inertial response from the wind turbines, which is beneficial in terms of robustness. Consequently, droop control is a viable alternative for the synthetic inertia.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Power system, Synthetic inertia, Inertial response, Ancillary services, Wind energy, PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL, POWER-SYSTEMS, SUPPORT, PLANTS
journal title
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS
volume
31
issue
2
pages
1129 - 1138
publisher
IEEE
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000372017600026
JCR category
ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC
JCR impact factor
5.68 (2016)
JCR rank
16/260 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
0885-8950
DOI
10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2417758
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
5914674
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5914674
date created
2015-03-26 15:48:36
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:10
@article{5914674,
  abstract     = {In several countries, the wind power penetration increased tremendously in recent years. To ensure the proper functioning of the power system, some grid operators already require the capability to provide inertial response or primary control with wind turbines. This paper discusses the emulated inertial response with wind turbines by means of the synthetic inertia and the droop control strategy. The behavior of the synthetic inertia strategy is determined by the inertial and the droop constant, whereas droop control only has a droop constant. When these strategies are used, it is important to tune the control parameters depending on the power system the wind turbines are connected to. Simulations show that it is possible to enhance but also to deteriorate the frequency response of the system, dependent on these parameters. For different power system compositions, the optimal inertial constant is always close to zero. This way, the synthetic inertia strategy reduces to a fast droop control strategy. This is an important outcome, as it means that no differentiation of the frequency is needed to obtain an optimal inertial response from the wind turbines, which is beneficial in terms of robustness. Consequently, droop control is a viable alternative for the synthetic inertia.},
  author       = {Van de Vyver, Jan and De Kooning, Jeroen and Meersman, Bart and Vandevelde, Lieven and Vandoorn, Tine},
  issn         = {0885-8950},
  journal      = {IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS},
  keyword      = {Power system,Synthetic inertia,Inertial response,Ancillary services,Wind energy,PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL,POWER-SYSTEMS,SUPPORT,PLANTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1129--1138},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Droop control as an alternative inertial response strategy for the synthetic inertia on wind turbines},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2417758},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Van de Vyver, Jan, Jeroen De Kooning, Bart Meersman, Lieven Vandevelde, and Tine Vandoorn. 2016. “Droop Control as an Alternative Inertial Response Strategy for the Synthetic Inertia on Wind Turbines.” Ieee Transactions on Power Systems 31 (2): 1129–1138.
APA
Van de Vyver, J., De Kooning, J., Meersman, B., Vandevelde, L., & Vandoorn, T. (2016). Droop control as an alternative inertial response strategy for the synthetic inertia on wind turbines. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, 31(2), 1129–1138.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Vyver J, De Kooning J, Meersman B, Vandevelde L, Vandoorn T. Droop control as an alternative inertial response strategy for the synthetic inertia on wind turbines. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS. IEEE; 2016;31(2):1129–38.
MLA
Van de Vyver, Jan, Jeroen De Kooning, Bart Meersman, et al. “Droop Control as an Alternative Inertial Response Strategy for the Synthetic Inertia on Wind Turbines.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 31.2 (2016): 1129–1138. Print.