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Attentional distraction during exercise in overweight and normal-weight boys

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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of attentional distraction on field running distance and activity intensity during an exercise session in normal-weight and overweight youngsters and to investigate potential mediators. Fifty-three 12–14 yr-old boys participated twice in a 12-min running test and a 20-min exercise session, once with attentional distraction (by listerning to music) and once without distraction (counterbalanced randomised controlled design). At the end of the endurance test running distance was recorded. During the exercise session activity intensity was assessed by accelerometers. After each experiment, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was estimated and seven questions were asked about how participants experienced the experiment. Both overweight and normal-weight boys ran further during the running test with music (p < 0.05) and this effect was mediated by a decrease in feelings of annoyance. During the exercise session with music, both overweight and normal-weight boys exercised less at low and high intensity and more at moderate and very high intensity (p < 0.01) and this effect was mediated by a decrease in RPE. We can conclude that attentional distraction has a positive effect on running distance on a field endurance test and on activity intensity during an exercise session through different mechanisms in both overweight and normal-weight boys.
Keywords
music, running performance, adolescents, physical activity, obesity, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, PERCEIVED EXERTION, TREADMILL EXERCISE, NONOBESE CHILDREN, COMPUTER-SCIENCE, CYCLE ERGOMETRY, OBESE CHILDREN, MUSIC, VALIDATION, DETERMINANTS

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Citation

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Chicago
Deforche, Benedicte, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2015. “Attentional Distraction During Exercise in Overweight and Normal-weight Boys.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12 (3): 3077–3090.
APA
Deforche, B., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2015). Attentional distraction during exercise in overweight and normal-weight boys. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 12(3), 3077–3090.
Vancouver
1.
Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Attentional distraction during exercise in overweight and normal-weight boys. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2015;12(3):3077–90.
MLA
Deforche, Benedicte, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. “Attentional Distraction During Exercise in Overweight and Normal-weight Boys.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 12.3 (2015): 3077–3090. Print.
@article{5895595,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of attentional distraction on field running distance and activity intensity during an exercise session in normal-weight and overweight youngsters and to investigate potential mediators. Fifty-three 12–14 yr-old boys participated twice in a 12-min running test and a 20-min exercise session, once with attentional distraction (by listerning to music) and once without distraction (counterbalanced randomised controlled design). At the end of the endurance test running distance was recorded. During the exercise session activity intensity was assessed by accelerometers. After each experiment, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was estimated and seven questions were asked about how participants experienced the experiment. Both overweight and normal-weight boys ran further during the running test with music (p < 0.05) and this effect was mediated by a decrease in feelings of annoyance. During the exercise session with music, both overweight and normal-weight boys exercised less at low and high intensity and more at moderate and very high intensity (p < 0.01) and this effect was mediated by a decrease in RPE. We can conclude that attentional  distraction has a positive effect on running distance on a field endurance test and on activity intensity during an exercise session through different mechanisms in both overweight and normal-weight boys.},
  author       = {Deforche, Benedicte and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {music,running performance,adolescents,physical activity,obesity,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,PERCEIVED EXERTION,TREADMILL EXERCISE,NONOBESE CHILDREN,COMPUTER-SCIENCE,CYCLE ERGOMETRY,OBESE CHILDREN,MUSIC,VALIDATION,DETERMINANTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {3077--3090},
  title        = {Attentional distraction during exercise in overweight and normal-weight boys},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120303077},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}

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