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Discrimination of haploid and diploid males of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) based on wing shape

(2015) APIDOLOGIE. 46(5). p.644-653
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Abstract
Presence of diploid males in wild bees reflects inbreeding and provides information about the health status of a colony or population. Detection of diploid males, and discrimination from haploid males and workers, has, however, been limited to molecular diagnostics. Here we present a novel method based on differences in wing shape, e.g., venation patterns in wings. The method is easy to apply and results, for Bombus terrestris , in very high discrimination success. Possible applications of the method are discussed.
Keywords
wing shape, geometricmorphometrics, diploidmales, Bombus, decline, SEX-DETERMINATION, FRAGMENTED POPULATIONS, MICROSATELLITE DNA, MORPHOMETRICS, BUMBLEBEE, BEE, DECLINES, RARE, CONSERVATION, POLLINATORS

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Citation

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Chicago
Gerard, Maxence, Denis Michez, Denis Fournier, Kevin Maebe, Guy Smagghe, Jacobus Biesmeijer, and Thibaut De Meulemeester. 2015. “Discrimination of Haploid and Diploid Males of Bombus Terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) Based on Wing Shape.” Apidologie 46 (5): 644–653.
APA
Gerard, M., Michez, D., Fournier, D., Maebe, K., Smagghe, G., Biesmeijer, J., & De Meulemeester, T. (2015). Discrimination of haploid and diploid males of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) based on wing shape. APIDOLOGIE, 46(5), 644–653.
Vancouver
1.
Gerard M, Michez D, Fournier D, Maebe K, Smagghe G, Biesmeijer J, et al. Discrimination of haploid and diploid males of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) based on wing shape. APIDOLOGIE. 2015;46(5):644–53.
MLA
Gerard, Maxence, Denis Michez, Denis Fournier, et al. “Discrimination of Haploid and Diploid Males of Bombus Terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) Based on Wing Shape.” APIDOLOGIE 46.5 (2015): 644–653. Print.
@article{5874419,
  abstract     = {Presence of diploid males in wild bees reflects inbreeding and provides information about the health status of a colony or population. Detection of diploid males, and discrimination from haploid males and workers, has, however, been limited to molecular diagnostics. Here we present a novel method based on differences in wing shape, e.g., venation patterns in wings. The method is easy to apply and results, for Bombus terrestris , in very high discrimination success. Possible applications of the method are discussed.},
  author       = {Gerard, Maxence and Michez, Denis and Fournier, Denis and Maebe, Kevin and Smagghe, Guy and Biesmeijer, Jacobus and De Meulemeester, Thibaut},
  issn         = {0044-8435},
  journal      = {APIDOLOGIE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {644--653},
  title        = {Discrimination of haploid and diploid males of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera; Apidae) based on wing shape},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-015-0352-3},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2015},
}

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