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Internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms as determinants of R&D outsourcing

(2015) RESEARCH POLICY. 44(3). p.711-725
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Abstract
This paper contributes to an empirical validation of R&D outsourcing by integrating the influence of internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms. Internal capabilities refer to internal R&D and human capital. Network resources account for decisions to outsource R&D which co-depend on informal incoming knowledge spillovers. Appropriation accounts for formal and informal knowledge protection mechanisms. This empirical study discusses the determinants of R&D outsourcing with respect to various theories of the firm that complement each other. Data from the Third and Fourth European Community Innovation Survey for Belgium reveal internal R&D intensity to exert a strong positive association with R&D outsourcing intensity, emphasising the importance of absorptive capacity and the complementary nature of internal and outsourced R&D. Network resources are also positively associated, suggesting that firms involved in a mixture of informal and formal networks tend to outsource relatively more R&D. In terms of appropriation mechanisms there is a positive association formal and informal protection, but this last mostly through complexity of design. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
ABSORPTIVE-CAPACITY, EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION, COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE, DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION, INNOVATIVE PERFORMANCE, DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES, DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS, EMPIRICAL-EVIDENCE, TRANSACTION COSTS, RELATIONAL VIEW, R&D outsourcing, Internal capabilities, Knowledge spillovers, Cooperation, Appropriation mechanisms

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MLA
Spithoven, André, and Peter Teirlinck. “Internal Capabilities, Network Resources and Appropriation Mechanisms as Determinants of R&D Outsourcing.” RESEARCH POLICY, vol. 44, no. 3, Elsevier, 2015, pp. 711–25.
APA
Spithoven, A., & Teirlinck, P. (2015). Internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms as determinants of R&D outsourcing. RESEARCH POLICY, 44(3), 711–725.
Chicago author-date
Spithoven, André, and Peter Teirlinck. 2015. “Internal Capabilities, Network Resources and Appropriation Mechanisms as Determinants of R&D Outsourcing.” RESEARCH POLICY 44 (3): 711–25.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Spithoven, André, and Peter Teirlinck. 2015. “Internal Capabilities, Network Resources and Appropriation Mechanisms as Determinants of R&D Outsourcing.” RESEARCH POLICY 44 (3): 711–725.
Vancouver
1.
Spithoven A, Teirlinck P. Internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms as determinants of R&D outsourcing. RESEARCH POLICY. 2015;44(3):711–25.
IEEE
[1]
A. Spithoven and P. Teirlinck, “Internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms as determinants of R&D outsourcing,” RESEARCH POLICY, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 711–725, 2015.
@article{5871929,
  abstract     = {This paper contributes to an empirical validation of R&D outsourcing by integrating the influence of internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms. Internal capabilities refer to internal R&D and human capital. Network resources account for decisions to outsource R&D which co-depend on informal incoming knowledge spillovers. Appropriation accounts for formal and informal knowledge protection mechanisms. This empirical study discusses the determinants of R&D outsourcing with respect to various theories of the firm that complement each other.

Data from the Third and Fourth European Community Innovation Survey for Belgium reveal internal R&D intensity to exert a strong positive association with R&D outsourcing intensity, emphasising the importance of absorptive capacity and the complementary nature of internal and outsourced R&D. Network resources are also positively associated, suggesting that firms involved in a mixture of informal and formal networks tend to outsource relatively more R&D. In terms of appropriation mechanisms there is a positive association formal and informal protection, but this last mostly through complexity of design. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Spithoven, André and Teirlinck, Peter},
  issn         = {0048-7333},
  journal      = {RESEARCH POLICY},
  keywords     = {ABSORPTIVE-CAPACITY,EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION,COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE,DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION,INNOVATIVE PERFORMANCE,DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES,DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS,EMPIRICAL-EVIDENCE,TRANSACTION COSTS,RELATIONAL VIEW,R&D outsourcing,Internal capabilities,Knowledge spillovers,Cooperation,Appropriation mechanisms},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {711--725},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  title        = {Internal capabilities, network resources and appropriation mechanisms as determinants of R&D outsourcing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.10.013},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2015},
}

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