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Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperate soils

(2014) AGRONOMY. 4(1). p.52-73
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Abstract
At present, there is limited understanding of how biochar application to soil could be beneficial to crop growth in temperate regions and which biochar types are most suitable. Biochar’s (two feedstocks: willow, pine; three pyrolysis temperatures: 450 °C, 550 °C, 650 °C) effect on nitrogen (N) availability, N use efficiency and crop yield was studied in northwestern European soils using a combined approach of process-based and agronomic experiments. Biochar labile carbon (C) fractions were determined and a phytotoxicity test, sorption experiment, N incubation experiment and two pot trials were conducted. Generally, biochar caused decreased soil NO3− availability and N use efficiency, and reduced biomass yields compared to a control soil.

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Chicago
Nelissen, Victoria, Greet Ruysschaert, Dorette Müller-Stöver, Samuel Bodé, Jason Cook, Frederik Ronsse, Simon Shackley, Pascal Boeckx, and Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen. 2014. “Short-term Effect of Feedstock and Pyrolysis Temperature on Biochar Characteristics, Soil and Crop Response in Temperate Soils.” Agronomy 4 (1): 52–73.
APA
Nelissen, V., Ruysschaert, G., Müller-Stöver, D., Bodé, S., Cook, J., Ronsse, F., Shackley, S., et al. (2014). Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperate soils. AGRONOMY, 4(1), 52–73.
Vancouver
1.
Nelissen V, Ruysschaert G, Müller-Stöver D, Bodé S, Cook J, Ronsse F, et al. Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperate soils. AGRONOMY. 2014;4(1):52–73.
MLA
Nelissen, Victoria, Greet Ruysschaert, Dorette Müller-Stöver, et al. “Short-term Effect of Feedstock and Pyrolysis Temperature on Biochar Characteristics, Soil and Crop Response in Temperate Soils.” AGRONOMY 4.1 (2014): 52–73. Print.
@article{5871762,
  abstract     = {At present, there is limited understanding of how biochar application to soil could be beneficial to crop growth in temperate regions and which biochar types are most suitable. Biochar{\textquoteright}s (two feedstocks: willow, pine; three pyrolysis temperatures: 450 {\textdegree}C, 550 {\textdegree}C, 650 {\textdegree}C) effect on nitrogen (N) availability, N use efficiency and crop yield was studied in northwestern European soils using a combined approach of process-based and agronomic experiments. Biochar labile carbon (C) fractions were determined and a phytotoxicity test, sorption experiment, N incubation experiment and two pot trials were conducted. Generally, biochar caused decreased soil NO3\ensuremath{-} availability and N use efficiency, and reduced biomass yields compared to a control soil.},
  author       = {Nelissen, Victoria and Ruysschaert, Greet and M{\"u}ller-St{\"o}ver, Dorette and Bod{\'e}, Samuel and Cook, Jason and Ronsse, Frederik and Shackley, Simon and Boeckx, Pascal and Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik},
  issn         = {2073-4395},
  journal      = {AGRONOMY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {52--73},
  title        = {Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperate soils},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy4010052},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2014},
}

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