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Trade networks and the practical norms of taxation at a border crossing between South Sudan and Northern Uganda.

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Abstract
This article provides an ethnographic insight into how the daily realities of state performance along the South Sudanese most Southern border of Magwi County are an outcome of negotiations between traders and state officials. It is argued that the practical norms' of taxation, meaning the actual rules that govern the actions of state officials, are largely framed by the way in which state officials and traders are embedded in different networks. The analysis distinguishes between regional trade networks of accumulation based on associative ties that appropriate elements of state performance and SPLM/A authority into their business practices, and local trade networks of survival based on communal ties that relate to state performance more through the informal institutions of kinship and subsistence security. It is demonstrated that the types of network ties and their embedded institutional content that connect traders and state officials yield very different practical norms with different implications for South Sudan's state-building process from below'.
Keywords
taxation, South Sudan. AFRICA, customs, state performance, state-building, practical norms, STATE, border trade, GOVERNANCE

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Twijnstra, Rens, Dorothea Hilhorst, and Kristof Titeca. 2014. “Trade Networks and the Practical Norms of Taxation at a Border Crossing Between South Sudan and Northern Uganda.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 8 (3): 382–399.
APA
Twijnstra, R., Hilhorst, D., & Titeca, K. (2014). Trade networks and the practical norms of taxation at a border crossing between South Sudan and Northern Uganda. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES, 8(3), 382–399.
Vancouver
1.
Twijnstra R, Hilhorst D, Titeca K. Trade networks and the practical norms of taxation at a border crossing between South Sudan and Northern Uganda. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES. 2014;8(3):382–99.
MLA
Twijnstra, Rens, Dorothea Hilhorst, and Kristof Titeca. “Trade Networks and the Practical Norms of Taxation at a Border Crossing Between South Sudan and Northern Uganda.” JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES 8.3 (2014): 382–399. Print.
@article{5863760,
  abstract     = {This article provides an ethnographic insight into how the daily realities of state performance along the South Sudanese most Southern border of Magwi County are an outcome of negotiations between traders and state officials. It is argued that the practical norms' of taxation, meaning the actual rules that govern the actions of state officials, are largely framed by the way in which state officials and traders are embedded in different networks. The analysis distinguishes between regional trade networks of accumulation based on associative ties that appropriate elements of state performance and SPLM/A authority into their business practices, and local trade networks of survival based on communal ties that relate to state performance more through the informal institutions of kinship and subsistence security. It is demonstrated that the types of network ties and their embedded institutional content that connect traders and state officials yield very different practical norms with different implications for South Sudan's state-building process from below'.},
  author       = {Twijnstra, Rens and Hilhorst, Dorothea and Titeca, Kristof},
  issn         = {1753-1055},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES},
  keywords     = {taxation,South Sudan. AFRICA,customs,state performance,state-building,practical norms,STATE,border trade,GOVERNANCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {382--399},
  title        = {Trade networks and the practical norms of taxation at a border crossing between South Sudan and Northern Uganda.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2014.899139},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2014},
}

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