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Early numerical competencies in 5- and 6-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder

Daisy Titeca (UGent) , Herbert Roeyers (UGent) , Anneliesje Ceulemans (UGent) and Annemie Desoete (UGent)
(2015) EARLY EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT. 26(7). p.1012-1034
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Abstract
Research Findings: To date, studies comparing the mathematical abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children are scarce, and results remain inconclusive. In general, studies on this topic focus on mathematical abilities learned from elementary school onward, with little attention for possible precursors at younger ages. The current exploratory study focused on the important developmental period of preschool age, investigating 5 early numerical competencies in 30 high-functioning children with ASD and 30 age-matched control children: verbal subitizing, counting, magnitude comparison, estimation, and arithmetic operations. Children were examined at 5 or 6 years of age, attending the 3rd and final year of preschool. Overall, rather similar early number processing was found in children with and without ASD, although marginally significant results indicated a weaker performance of children with ASD on verbal subitizing and conceptual counting. Practice or Policy: Given the pervasiveness and impact of ASD on other domains of functioning, it is important to know that no general deficits in early numerical competencies were found in this study. However, some downward trends in mathematics performance were identified in children with ASD, which can serve as the basis for additional research in this field.
Keywords
MATHEMATICAL LEARNING-DISABILITY, HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, YOUNG-CHILDREN, DEVELOPMENTAL DYSCALCULIA, PROCEDURAL KNOWLEDGE, ASPERGER SYNDROME, NUMBER SENSE, ABILITIES

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Chicago
Titeca, Daisy, Herbert Roeyers, Anneliesje Ceulemans, and Annemie Desoete. 2015. “Early Numerical Competencies in 5- and 6-year-old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Early Education and Development 26 (7): 1012–1034.
APA
Titeca, Daisy, Roeyers, H., Ceulemans, A., & Desoete, A. (2015). Early numerical competencies in 5- and 6-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder. EARLY EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 26(7), 1012–1034.
Vancouver
1.
Titeca D, Roeyers H, Ceulemans A, Desoete A. Early numerical competencies in 5- and 6-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder. EARLY EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT. 2015;26(7):1012–34.
MLA
Titeca, Daisy, Herbert Roeyers, Anneliesje Ceulemans, et al. “Early Numerical Competencies in 5- and 6-year-old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.” EARLY EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT 26.7 (2015): 1012–1034. Print.
@article{5855767,
  abstract     = {Research Findings: To date, studies comparing the mathematical abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children are scarce, and results remain inconclusive. In general, studies on this topic focus on mathematical abilities learned from elementary school onward, with little attention for possible precursors at younger ages. The current exploratory study focused on the important developmental period of preschool age, investigating 5 early numerical competencies in 30 high-functioning children with ASD and 30 age-matched control children: verbal subitizing, counting, magnitude comparison, estimation, and arithmetic operations. Children were examined at 5 or 6 years of age, attending the 3rd and final year of preschool. Overall, rather similar early number processing was found in children with and without ASD, although marginally significant results indicated a weaker performance of children with ASD on verbal subitizing and conceptual counting. Practice or Policy: Given the pervasiveness and impact of ASD on other domains of functioning, it is important to know that no general deficits in early numerical competencies were found in this study. However, some downward trends in mathematics performance were identified in children with ASD, which can serve as the basis for additional research in this field.},
  author       = {Titeca, Daisy and Roeyers, Herbert and Ceulemans, Anneliesje and Desoete, Annemie},
  issn         = {1040-9289},
  journal      = {EARLY EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1012--1034},
  title        = {Early numerical competencies in 5- and 6-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10409289.2015.1004515},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2015},
}

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