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Evaluation of the presence and zoonotic transmission of Chlamydia suis in a pig slaughterhouse

Kristien De Puysseleyr, Leentje De Puysseleyr, Hendrik Dhondt, Tom Geens, Lutgart Braeckman UGent, Servaas A Morré, Eric Cox UGent and Daisy Vanrompay UGent (2014) BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 14.
abstract
Background: A significant number of studies on pig farms and wild boars worldwide, demonstrate the endemic presence of Chlamydia suis in pigs. However, the zoonotic potential of this pathogen, phylogenetically closely related to Chlamydia trachomatis, is still uninvestigated. Therefore, this study aims to examine the zoonotic transmission in a Belgian pig abattoir. Methods: Presence of Chlamydia suis in pigs, contact surfaces, air and employees was assessed using a Chlamydia suis specific real-time PCR and culture. Furthermore, Chlamydia suis isolates were tested for the presence of the tet(C) gene. Results: Chlamydia suis bacteria could be demonstrated in samples from pigs, the air and contact surfaces. Moreover, eye swabs of two employees were positive for Chlamydia suis by both PCR and culture. The tet(C) gene was absent in both human Chlamydia suis isolates and no clinical signs were reported. Conclusions: These findings suggest the need for further epidemiological and clinical research to elucidate the significance of human ocular Chlamydia suis infections.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Swine, Chlamydia suis, Zoonosis, Tetracycline, Public health, LUNG, INFECTIONS, IDENTIFICATION, CHLAMYDOPHILA, GNOTOBIOTIC PIGS
journal title
BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
BMC Infect. Dis.
volume
14
article number
560
pages
6 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000344573800001
JCR category
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
JCR impact factor
2.613 (2014)
JCR rank
39/78 (2014)
JCR quartile
2 (2014)
ISSN
1471-2334
DOI
10.1186/s12879-014-0560-x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
additional info
the first two authors are equal contributors
copyright statement
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
id
5850304
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5850304
date created
2015-02-16 16:11:24
date last changed
2018-01-05 08:47:06
@article{5850304,
  abstract     = {Background: A significant number of studies on pig farms and wild boars worldwide, demonstrate the endemic presence of Chlamydia suis in pigs. However, the zoonotic potential of this pathogen, phylogenetically closely related to Chlamydia trachomatis, is still uninvestigated. Therefore, this study aims to examine the zoonotic transmission in a Belgian pig abattoir. 
Methods: Presence of Chlamydia suis in pigs, contact surfaces, air and employees was assessed using a Chlamydia suis specific real-time PCR and culture. Furthermore, Chlamydia suis isolates were tested for the presence of the tet(C) gene. 
Results: Chlamydia suis bacteria could be demonstrated in samples from pigs, the air and contact surfaces. Moreover, eye swabs of two employees were positive for Chlamydia suis by both PCR and culture. The tet(C) gene was absent in both human Chlamydia suis isolates and no clinical signs were reported. 
Conclusions: These findings suggest the need for further epidemiological and clinical research to elucidate the significance of human ocular Chlamydia suis infections.},
  articleno    = {560},
  author       = {De Puysseleyr, Kristien and De Puysseleyr, Leentje and Dhondt, Hendrik and Geens, Tom and Braeckman, Lutgart and Morr{\'e}, Servaas A and Cox, Eric and Vanrompay, Daisy},
  issn         = {1471-2334},
  journal      = {BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES},
  keyword      = {Swine,Chlamydia suis,Zoonosis,Tetracycline,Public health,LUNG,INFECTIONS,IDENTIFICATION,CHLAMYDOPHILA,GNOTOBIOTIC PIGS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {6},
  title        = {Evaluation of the presence and zoonotic transmission of Chlamydia suis in a pig slaughterhouse},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-014-0560-x},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
De Puysseleyr, Kristien, Leentje De Puysseleyr, Hendrik Dhondt, Tom Geens, Lutgart Braeckman, Servaas A Morré, Eric Cox, and Daisy Vanrompay. 2014. “Evaluation of the Presence and Zoonotic Transmission of Chlamydia Suis in a Pig Slaughterhouse.” Bmc Infectious Diseases 14.
APA
De Puysseleyr, K., De Puysseleyr, L., Dhondt, H., Geens, T., Braeckman, L., Morré, S. A., Cox, E., et al. (2014). Evaluation of the presence and zoonotic transmission of Chlamydia suis in a pig slaughterhouse. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 14.
Vancouver
1.
De Puysseleyr K, De Puysseleyr L, Dhondt H, Geens T, Braeckman L, Morré SA, et al. Evaluation of the presence and zoonotic transmission of Chlamydia suis in a pig slaughterhouse. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 2014;14.
MLA
De Puysseleyr, Kristien, Leentje De Puysseleyr, Hendrik Dhondt, et al. “Evaluation of the Presence and Zoonotic Transmission of Chlamydia Suis in a Pig Slaughterhouse.” BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES 14 (2014): n. pag. Print.