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An experimental approach for tracing olive processing residues in the archaeobotanical record with preliminary examples from Tell Tweini, Syria

Elena Marinova, van der Valk Jan M. A., Valamoti Soultana Maria and Bretschneider Joachim (2011) VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. 20(5). p.471-478
abstract
To help the interpretation of possible olive processing residues at archaeological sites, this study examines the changes which occur in pre- and post-charring breakage surfaces of olive stones at tissue level. Fresh olives were experimentally broken before and after charring and heated to different temperatures (230, 330, 430A degrees C) in oxidising and non-oxidising conditions. The structures obtained by the experiment were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the characteristics for the different temperatures, oxidation regimes and pre- or post-charring fractures were recorded. Furthermore, the experimental specimens were compared with recent and possibly old fractures of several archaeological olive stones from Tell Tweini, Syria. Criteria to infer their formation are discussed. These criteria could be developed further through more experimental replication and additional charring variables, and verified extensively on archaeobotanical assemblages in future studies. The described structures and alterations in the olive stones can be observed using reflected light microscopy, which would allow the proposed approach to be rather easy to apply in practice.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
OIL PRODUCTION, REMAINS, HELLENISTIC GREECE, Olive processing, CARBONIZATION, SEEDS, WILD, L., Charring experiments, SEM
journal title
VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
volume
20
issue
5
pages
471 - 478
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000294060200013
JCR category
PALEONTOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.118 (2011)
JCR rank
7/49 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0939-6314
DOI
10.1007/s00334-011-0298-y
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
id
5845550
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5845550
date created
2015-02-11 10:57:38
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:48
@article{5845550,
  abstract     = {To help the interpretation of possible olive processing residues at archaeological sites, this study examines the changes which occur in pre- and post-charring breakage surfaces of olive stones at tissue level. Fresh olives were experimentally broken before and after charring and heated to different temperatures (230, 330, 430A degrees C) in oxidising and non-oxidising conditions. The structures obtained by the experiment were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the characteristics for the different temperatures, oxidation regimes and pre- or post-charring fractures were recorded. Furthermore, the experimental specimens were compared with recent and possibly old fractures of several archaeological olive stones from Tell Tweini, Syria. Criteria to infer their formation are discussed. These criteria could be developed further through more experimental replication and additional charring variables, and verified extensively on archaeobotanical assemblages in future studies. The described structures and alterations in the olive stones can be observed using reflected light microscopy, which would allow the proposed approach to be rather easy to apply in practice.},
  author       = {Marinova, Elena  and Jan M. A., van der Valk and Soultana Maria, Valamoti and Joachim, Bretschneider},
  issn         = {0939-6314},
  journal      = {VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY},
  keyword      = {OIL PRODUCTION,REMAINS,HELLENISTIC GREECE,Olive processing,CARBONIZATION,SEEDS,WILD,L.,Charring experiments,SEM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {471--478},
  title        = {An experimental approach for tracing olive processing residues in the archaeobotanical record with preliminary examples from Tell Tweini, Syria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-011-0298-y},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Marinova, Elena , van der Valk Jan M. A., Valamoti Soultana Maria, and Bretschneider Joachim. 2011. “An Experimental Approach for Tracing Olive Processing Residues in the Archaeobotanical Record with Preliminary Examples from Tell Tweini, Syria.” Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 20 (5): 471–478.
APA
Marinova, E., Jan M. A., van der V., Soultana Maria, V., & Joachim, B. (2011). An experimental approach for tracing olive processing residues in the archaeobotanical record with preliminary examples from Tell Tweini, Syria. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY, 20(5), 471–478.
Vancouver
1.
Marinova E, Jan M. A. van der V, Soultana Maria V, Joachim B. An experimental approach for tracing olive processing residues in the archaeobotanical record with preliminary examples from Tell Tweini, Syria. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. 2011;20(5):471–8.
MLA
Marinova, Elena , van der Valk Jan M. A., Valamoti Soultana Maria, et al. “An Experimental Approach for Tracing Olive Processing Residues in the Archaeobotanical Record with Preliminary Examples from Tell Tweini, Syria.” VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY 20.5 (2011): 471–478. Print.